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GEO Work Plan Symposium 2011 Presentation for Plenary Session DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis.

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Presentation on theme: "GEO Work Plan Symposium 2011 Presentation for Plenary Session DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis."— Presentation transcript:

1 GEO Work Plan Symposium 2011 Presentation for Plenary Session DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis

2 DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis Definition Develop a comprehensive (atmosphere, ocean, land) global carbon observation and analysis system in support of monitoring based decision-making and related environmental treaty obligations (Climate Strategic Target). Increase the operational monitoring of major ecosystems on land on an annual basis, including properties such as carbon estimates of vegetation and soils based on remote sensing and sampled in- situ observations using internationally agreed standards (Ecosystems Strategic Target). Develop a comprehensive (atmosphere, ocean, land) global carbon observation and analysis system in order to provide reliable information in support of decision makers and the compliance with related environmental treaty obligations. DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis

3 GEO Strategic Target on Climate (Carbon) Achieve effective and sustained operation of the global climate observing system and reliable delivery of climate information of a quality needed for predicting, mitigating and adapting to climate variability and change, including for better understanding of the global carbon cycle. This will be demonstrated by (inter alia) the development and facilitation of a comprehensive (atmosphere, ocean, land) global carbon observation and analysis system in support of monitoring based decision-making and related environmental treaty obligations. Covered by task CL Global Carbon Observation and Analysis System, and its subtasks: a) IGCO; b) FCT; c) GHG from space. GEO Strategic Target on Ecosystems (Carbon) Increased operational monitoring of major ecosystems on land on an annual basis, including properties such as land cover type; species composition; vegetation structure, height and age; net ecosystem productivity; and biomass and carbon estimates of vegetation and soils based on remote sensing and sampled in-situ observations using internationally agreed standards.

4 Deliverables Current Deliverable: An integrated global carbon observation and analysis system (e.g. establish carbon budgets at different scales; improve global observation networks of CO2, CH4, isotope ratios and exchange fluxes; develop geo- information tools, databases and models integrating carbon reservoir and flux data; foster the use of space- based greenhouse gas observations and consolidate data requirements for the next-generation GHG monitoring missions). Very comprehensive! Not just one deliverable! Detailed deliverables to be fully discussed with a wider relevant community. DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis

5 Deliverables Current Deliverable: An integrated global carbon observation and analysis system: establish carbon budgets at different scales improve global observation networks of CO2, CH4, isotope ratios and exchange fluxes develop geo-information tools, databases and models integrating carbon reservoir and flux data foster the use of space-based greenhouse gas observations and consolidate data requirements for the next-generation GHG monitoring missions DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis Deliverables or… activities?

6 Deliverables Priority Actions (tentative - 1) –Support to GEO secretariat, decision makers and relevant international community (providing advice on carbon observations). –Creation of a Carbon portal linked to the GEO Portal. –Identify gaps in the current coordination of the global observing systems. –Produce a catalogue of current observation systems and datasets. –Provide a coordinated set of harmonized global carbon information based upon existing observations. –Development of an integrated Carbon Cycle Data Assimilation System (CCDAS) ingesting data from multiple data sources at different scale, including satellite observations. –Define an optimal observational network design for an operational Global Carbon Observing System. DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis

7 Deliverables Priority Actions (tentative - 2) –Routine provision of GHG data and products (e.g. CO2 and CH4 - usual L0 to L2 products but also some cases L3 and L4 products) from current spaceborne missions / instruments such as TANSO (GOSAT), SCHIAMACHY, AIRS, IASI. –Gap analysis related to the current & future GHG-related missions –Definition of the CEOS activities in response to the GEO Carbon Strategy report. Leads (Members and/or Organizations, tentative): Task CL participants willing to continue + GEOCARBON consortium + CEOS community + any other relevant projects and institutions (to be identified). DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis

8 Related Work Plan Progress (based on input/slides from participants) 2010 successful year for Carbon (CL-09-03) in GEO: Carbon Community of Practice operational GEO Carbon Strategy published Carbon Showcase/Video in Beijing The Global Carbon Observation and Analysis System (CL ) mentioned as one of the emerging GEOSS initiatives in the Beijing declaration Very good cooperation among CL-09-03a, b and c tasks CEOS CTF DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis

9 Re-organization of Sub-tasks: which sub-tasks support the new Task CL-09-03a: Integrated Global Carbon Observations (IGCO) CL-09-03c: Global Monitoring of GHGs from Space CL-09-03b: Forest Carbon Tracking Now fully included in DS-11 (Global Forest Observations) Links and coordination between DS-11 & 12 to be formalized. DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis

10 Re-organization of Sub-tasks Currently task organization and partnership is under review toward the transition to the Work Plan. Effective contacts between CL-09-03a and CL-09-03c communities are already ongoing. In principle the activities already planned for 2011 will continue and the activity planned from 2012 onward will be embedded in the new Work Plan. DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis

11 COCOS (EC – FP6) - Coordination action Carbon Observing Systems COCOS Final Conference: Carbon in a changing world October 2011, FAO, Rome. Participants: COCOS partners, GEO community, EC, relevant international institutions Aims: Present the latest scientific developments in understanding the global carbon cycle Present an overview of the building and implementation of a Global Carbon Observing System for land, oceans and atmosphere Identify progress and gaps in obtaining politically meaningful estimates of regional carbon budgets on land and ocean Take stock of the GEO Carbon Tasks CL and provide a final input to the GEO (Carbon) Work Plan before the GEO VIII Plenary. DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis

12 Inclusion of New Proposals (if any) GEOCARBON (EC FP7 project) Others? DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis Resources Available for Implementation (current status and in planning) GEOCARBON (EC FP7: 6.5 M for 3 years, starting from end 2011) others? …

13 DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis Resources / Partnership GEOCARBON (EC – FP7) Operational Global Carbon Observing System Last FP7 Call: ENV Integration and optimisation of information for building a Global Carbon Observing System Funding: 6.5M Duration: 3 years Start: September 2011? Main objective: Support the implementation of the GEO Task CL by coordinating the development of an operational Global Integrated Carbon Observation and Analysis System, building on the experience of previous and current related projects funded by the EC and national and international programmes.

14 DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis GEOCARBON Specific objectives Provide an aggregated set of harmonized global carbon data information (integrating the land, ocean, atmosphere and human dimension) Develop improved Carbon Cycle Data Assimilation Systems (CCDAS) Define the specifications for an operational Global Carbon Observing System Provide improved regional carbon budgets of Tropical South America and Africa Provide comprehensive and synthetic information on the annual sources and sinks of CO2 for the globe and for large ocean and land regions Improve the assessment of global CH4 sources and sinks and develop the CH4 observing system component Provide an economic assessment of the value of an enhanced Global Carbon Observing System Strengthen the effectiveness of the European and global carbon community participation in the GEO system.

15 DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis Participant Organization nameAcronymCountry 1Centro Euro-Mediterraneo per i Cambiamenti ClimaticiCMCCItaly 2University of East AngliaUEAUK 3Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule ZürichETH ZurichSwitzerland 4Wageningen UniversiteitWUNetherlands 5University of OxfordUOXF.ACUK 6Vereniging voor Christelijk Hoger Onderwijs Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek en PatiëntenzorgVUANetherlands 7University of LeedsUNIVLEEDSUK 8Max Planck Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e.V.MPGGermany 9Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-YvelinesLSCE-UVSQFrance 10SRON Netherlands Institute for Space ResearchSRONNetherlands 11Seconda Università di NapoliSUNItaly 12University of EdinburghUEDINUK 13Stiftelsen Nansen Senter for FjernmaalingNERSCNorway 14Università degli Studi della TusciaUNITUSItaly 15Universitetet i Bergen OrganisasjonseddUiBNorway 16Gamma Remote Sensing Research and Consulting AGGAMMASwitzerland 17Wildlife Conservation Society/Cameroon Biodiversity ProgramWCSCameroon 18FASTOPT GMBHFASTOPTGermany 19University of BristolUNIVBRISUK 20Internationales Institut Fuer Angewandte SystemalyseIIASAAustria 21Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e NuclearesIPENBrazil 22Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations FaoFAOInternational 23Université Libre de BruxellesULBBelgium 24Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique/Centre National de la Recherche ScientifiqueLMD/CNRSFrance 25Universität Hansestadt HamburgUHAMGermany GEOCARBON - Consortium

16 Issues and Gaps CL past focus: mainly on science and lower on policy. During the Work Plan the Global Carbon Observation and Analysis System shall be able to Increase the information role in support of decision makers by 2015: by providing reliable information in support of decision makers and the compliance with related environmental treaty obligations. by promoting an independent monitoring, reporting and verification system (at national and regional level) for CO2 serving decision makers (climate target). DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis

17 Issues and Gaps Resolution of C-budgets: spatial and temporal resolution (from Global to regional - and national? level) to be increased Uncertainties of C-budgets: to be reduced (reliable data for decision makers) Not only CO2: consider other GHG gases; promoting innovation and standards for measuring CH4 and N2O (not carbon!) from space, in situ and models Soil carbon Fires emissions Carbon in Inland Water (from STC workplan comments) DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis

18 Possible Measures to fill Gaps To be discussed … DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis

19 Overlaps / Synergies with other Tasks Relationships between DS11 (Forest) & DS12 (Carbon): carbon is not scientifically separated from forests. Coordination is needed. DS-13 Global Ecosystem Monitoring: the carbon component of DS-13 can be covered by DS-12: same definition (for what concern carbon) taken from the ecosystem target. DS-04 Ocean Monitoring: carbon (pCO2) DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis

20 Open for Plenary Discussion Identify Synergies Improve Cross-Fertilization Identify Measures and Actions to Fill Gaps … Work Plan structure? DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis

21 Work Plan Structure Is the current template of the Work Plan definitive? Task Title Definition Deliverables Related Work Plan Tasks New Proposals from the GEO Community DS-12 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis Is the current template of the Work Plan definitive? (background info, vision, scope, etc.) Objectives (related to the Strategic Targets) Deliverables (specify: related actions; responsible people; date of delivery)


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