Presentation on theme: "GRAB A BOOK, JOIN ME ON PAGE 76"— Presentation transcript:
1 GRAB A BOOK, JOIN ME ON PAGE 76 Hinduism and BuddhismChapter 4 section 1EQ: What are the major similarities and differences between these Indian religions?GRAB A BOOK, JOIN ME ON PAGE 76
2 Hinduism Founder Relationship with god(s) Goal of Life Sacred Texts Has NO SINGLE FOUNDER, its origins come from Aryan beliefs and writingsRelationship with god(s)There are many gods that form the Brahman (all powerful spiritual force)Goal of LifeTo achieve moksha (union with the Brahman)Moksha is achieved through karma (actions) and dharma (duties)Sacred TextsSince it has no founder, it is based on writings in the sacred Vedas, Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita
3 Hinduism Attitude Towards Non-Violence Reincarnation Caste System Followers practice ahimsa, and recognize that all living things are a part of the Brahman and must be treated respectfullyReincarnationBelieve in a cycle of birth, death and rebirth, based on how one acts in their life…your atman (soul/essential self) is reborn.Caste SystemSupport a strict social order where you are born into one caste and stay their until you die…only in reincarnation can your position/caste change
4 Buddhism Founder Relationship with god(s) Goal of Life Prince Siddhartha Gautama (became known as Buddha)He was a rich prince who grew concerned about the world, he left his kingdom and all his riches and traveled the world, tormenting himself along the wayBuddha discovered 3 thingsThere is no individual self, no soul (no atman, unlike Hinduism)Pain is a part of lifeImpermanence, nothing stays the sameRelationship with god(s)There are NO godsGoal of LifeFollow the 8 Fold PathUnderstand the 4 Noble Truths
5 Goal of Life: Buddhism The Four Noble Truths The Eight Fold Path Life is pain and sufferingThe cause of pain and suffering is desireAvoiding desire means avoiding painThe way to end suffering is the 8 Fold PathThe Eight Fold PathAccept the 4 Noble TruthsRight intention (commitment to mental growth)Right speech (no lying, be honest, say nothing wrong)Right action (do no harm)Right livelihood (your work helps others)Right effort (constant self improvement)Right mindfulness (clear conscience)Right concentration (focus)
6 Buddhism Sacred Texts Attitude Towards Non-Violence Reincarnation Buddha’s teachings are found in the Tripitaka (the 3 Baskets of Wisdom)Attitude Towards Non-ViolenceCOMPLETE non-violence, harmony are essentialReincarnationThe soul reincarnates to achieve nirvana (union with the universe and release from rebirth)Caste SystemRejected it, there are no divisions of class in reincarnation, anyone can achieve nirvana directly
7 For the Remainder of Time… Finish vocabulary below the chartComplete Chapter 4 sec 1 crosswordHAND IN BOTH ITEMS BEFORE YOU LEAVE AND YESTERDAY’S WORK!Reminder: Hotel Rwanda essay is due next Friday (2/27).