2 Feeding the Toddler Self-feeding for one-year-old Finger-foods Variety of foodsCan use a spoon and training cupTwo-year oldFine motor skills are improvingCan eat with spoon and forkCan eat with other family members-allow to get up from table when finished due to short attention spanThree-year oldHas all full primary teeth and can chew most foodsMeat and tough foods should still be cut by caregiver
3 Feeding the Toddler-general information Portion Size- for child one to two years is about ⅓ to ½ of an adult portion.Food preferences change from day to dayDo not use food as a reward or as a punishment.Eating habits from early years follow child into adulthood.Watch child for food allergies which may appear during this time.Microwave food safely! Expect temperature extremes of hot and cold; to prevent hot spots, stir prior to serving.Do not give foods that may cause choking(grapes, hotdogs, peanuts, popcorn, round hard candy)
4 Information on Feeding Children ages 2 to 3 years: They need a variety of foods but need fewer calories than a 4- to 6-year-old.They often eat small portions. Offer smaller servings and let them to ask for more to satisfy their hunger and avoid wasting food.Serving size for 2 to 3 years is 1/2 of what counts as a regular serving on the food guide pyramid.
5 BUILD A PYRAMIDWHAT COUNTS AS ONE “MY PYRAMID” SERVING?Portions listed in the major food groups counts as one “My Pyramid” serving for anyone over 4 years of age.To count servings: smaller portions count as part of a serving;larger portions count as more than one serving.Two to 6 year old children need a total of 2 servings from the milk group each day.Whole grain products should make up at least three of the six grain up choices each day.
6 GRAIN GROUP CHOICES for Toddlers (6 servings each day) WHOLE GRAIN¼ to ⅓ cup cooked brown rice1 to 2 graham cracker squares2 to 4 whole grain crackers¼-½ cup cooked oatmeal¼-⅓ cup ready-to-eat whole grain cereal¼ -½ slice pumpernickel, rye, or whole wheat bread½ 7-inch corn tortilla
7 ENRICHED - GRAIN GROUP CHOICES for Toddlers ¼ to ½ 4-inch pita bread1 4-inch pancake¼ to ⅓ cup cooked grits¼ to ⅓ cup cooked farina or other cereal¼ to ⅓ cup ready-to-eat, non-sugar coated, cereal½ 7-inch flour tortilla .
8 ENRICHED - GRAIN GROUP CHOICES for Toddlers ¼ to ⅓ cup cooked rice or pasta¼ to ⅓ cup cooked spaghetti¼ to ½ English muffin or bagel¼ to ½ slice white, wheat, French or Italian bread¼ to ½ hamburger or hot dog bun2 to 3 crackers (saltine size)
9 Grain Products with More Fat and Sugars ½ small biscuit or muffin1 small piece cornbread⅓ medium doughnut6 animal crackers2 small cookies
10 VEGETABLE GROUP CHOICES for Toddlers (3 servings each day) DARK-GREEN LEAFY¼ - ½ cup cooked collard greens½ - 1 cup leafy raw vegetables— romaine lettuce, spinach, or mixed green salad1-2 cooked broccoli spears¼ - ½ cup cooked turnip greens,kale, or mustard greensDEEP-YELLOW¼ - ½ cups carrots, cooked¼ - ½ cup winter squash
11 VEGETABLE GROUP CHOICES for Toddlers (3 servings each day) STARCHY Vegetables7 French fries, regular size1 baked potato, small¼ - ½ cup potato salad¼ - ½ cup green peas¼ - ½ cup lima beans1 small plantainDRY BEANS & PEAS¼ - ½ cup cooked black, kidney, pinto, or garbanzo beans, or black-eyed peas¼ - ½ cup cooked lentils½ -2/3 cup bean soup¼ - ½ cup cooked split peasOTHER Vegetables1/3 small cucumber6 raw snow or sugar pea pods¼ - ½ cup cooked green beans2 medium Brussels sprouts4 slices raw summer squash¼ - ½ cup coleslaw¼ - ½ cup cooked cabbage2-5 celery sticks (3” long)¼ - ½ cup tomato or spaghetti sauce¼ - ½ cup vegetable juice¼ - ½ cup vegetable soup1 small tomato3 cherry tomatoes
12 FRUIT GROUP CHOICES for Toddlers (2 servings each day) CITRUS, MELONS, BERRIES¼ - ½ cup blueberries or raspberries4 medium strawberries¼ - ½ cup 100% citrus juice (orange)grapefruit half1 small kiwifruit½ medium orange½ medium tangerine1/4 medium cantaloupe¼ - ½ cup watermelon pieces1/8 small honeydew
13 FRUIT GROUP CHOICES for Toddlers (2 servings each day) More Fruits½ medium apple, banana, peach, or nectarine1 medium apricots¼ - ½ cup applesauce1½ pineapple slices, canned½ medium mango¼ medium papaya½ small pear¼ - ½ cup cut-up fruit-fresh, canned, or cooked
14 Fruit Juice Tips:Buy 100% juice and check to see if it is a high quality juice (label will tell source of fruit).Juice Drinks” are not 100% juice.Check the ingredient list to be sure you are getting 100% juice without added sugars such as high fructose corn syrup.Serve the whole fruit rather than juice when possible for better nutrition.
15 Milk GroupMilk provides calcium and vitamin D to help build strong bones.Whole milk preferred for children under two years only because it provides dietary fats needed for normal growth and brain development.Three year olds can drink 2% fat milk
16 ½ cup soy milk, calcium fortified ½ cup skim milk 1/2 ½ cup 2% milk For this amount of foodCount this many milk group servings½ to ¾ cup whole milk1½ cup soy milk, calcium fortified½ cup skim milk1/2½ cup 2% milk1/2 cup yogurt (4 ounces)1 ounce natural cheese1 ounce of processed cheese½ ounce string cheese2/3½ cup cottage cheese1/4½ cup ice cream1/3½ cup frozen yogurt½ cup pudding
17 MEAT GROUP CHOICES (2 servings each day) 2-3 ounces (oz.) of cooked lean meat, poultry, or fish is one serving from this group.2 to 3 year olds need to eat a total of about 3 ½ oz. per day .4 to 6 year olds need to eat a total of 5 oz. a day.Servings: 1 egg or 1/2 cup of cooked dry beans, and 2 tablespoons (T.) of peanut butter counts as 1 oz. of lean meat.
18 2 ounces cooked poultry or fish 2 ounces 2 ounces cooked lean meat For this amount of foodCount this many ounces2 ounces cooked poultry or fish2 ounces2 ounces cooked lean meat1 egg (yolk and white)1 ounces2 tablespoons peanut butter*1 ½ frankfurters (2 ounces)2 slices bologna or luncheon meat (2 ounces)¼ cup drained canned salmon or tuna½ cup cooked kidney, pinto, or white beans½ cup tofu1 soy burger patty*May cause choking in 2- to 3-year-old children.
19 Food Selections for Toddlers Introduce foods withheld as an infant: whole milk, citrus fruits, whole eggsWatch for allergic reactions when offering any new food. Tell the child's pediatrician if close family members have food allergies.Delay introducing foods associated with food allergies, such as peanuts and seafood.Avoid choking hazard foods like popcorn, hard candies, hot dogs, raw vegetables and hard fruits, whole grapes, raisins, and nuts.
20 Children should be supervised at all times when eating.