Presentation on theme: "Pacific Lamprey Lampetra tridentata Status and Distribution in the Clearwater River Drainage, Idaho Christopher W. Claire Timothy G. Cochnauer."— Presentation transcript:
1 Pacific Lamprey Lampetra tridentata Status and Distribution in the Clearwater River Drainage, Idaho Christopher W. ClaireTimothy G. Cochnauer
2 • Bonneville Power Administration ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS• Bonneville Power AdministrationDeborah DochertyIdaho Department of Fish and GameJody BrostromAnne Peterson, Rebecca Repp, Kyle Steele, Terry Douglas• Bureau of Land ManagementCraig JohnsonColumbia River Research LaboratoryJennifer Bayer• University of IdahoDr. George LaBarDr. Dale Everson
3 STATUS OF LAMPREY IN THE COLUMBIA RIVER AND SNAKE RIVER Three species of lamprey present historically in the Columbia River basin, river lamprey, Lampetra ayresi, brook lamprey, Lampetra richardsoni, and Pacific lamprey Lampetra tridentata.Pacific lamprey Columbia River and Snake River declines since 1960’sHydropower development, habitat alterations, and land management practices (irrigation, etc.) are thought to be driving declineLittle is known about life history, habitat utilization, and distribution of the three species.
4 INTRODUCTIONObjectives1. Determine life history of Pacific lamprey and ammocoetes and macrothalmia in the Clearwater River drainage.2. Determine habitat utilization and preference of Pacific lamprey ammocoetes in Red River.3. Determine distribution of Pacific lamprey ammocoetes and macrothalmia in the Clearwater River drainage.4. Develop and implement strategies to protect Pacific lamprey ammocoete and macrothalmia habitat in the Clearwater River drainage.
7 PACIFIC LAMPREY LIFE HISTORY Anadromous, spawn in salmon and steelhead streams in April, May, and June.Eggs hatch in ~ 20 days, ammocoetes are eyeless, live in finer substrates (Scott and Crossman 1973)Transform at age 4-7 (Beamish and Levings 1991)Juveniles migrate in late fall and spring1-2? years in ocean feeding on herring, hake, salmon, and steelhead; marks found on mammalsReturn to rivers to spawn
11 PROJECT AREA MT WA OR ID Dworshak Dam N. F. Clearwater Clearwater RiverS. F. ClearwaterORID
12 PROJECT AREA HISTORY• White settlement of Clearwater River drainage , habitat alterations predominantlyLewiston Dam on main ClearwaterHarpster Dam on South Fork Clearwater River rkm 32.0 Grangeville Electric Light and Power Company 1910, removed 1963
14 METHODS• Life History, Distribution, and Habitat Utilization assessment- Trapping and electrofishing• Habitat Utilization in Red River:-Red River segmented into 1 km sections, randomly selected 100 m reach within km-Classify stream habitat, (riffle, pool, etc.) based on Platts et al. (1983) and Overton et al. (1997).
15 RESULTSCaptured 1301 ( ) total ammocoetes and macrothalmia electroshocking and trapping in Clearwater River drainage-614 ammocoetes and macrothalmia electroshocking Red River-456 ammocoetes and macrothalmia electroshocking South Fork Clearwater River-207 ammocoetes and macrothalmia in Red River trap• Pacific lamprey ammocoete density:-decreased with increasing flow velocity-decreased with increasing coarse substrate-increased with increasing riparian canopy cover “shade”
25 SUMMARYsampling indicates possible low densities and lack of recruitmentLower Granite Dam counts in continue to average <600, (Adults)• Distribution restricted to mainstem Selway, Lochsa, Rivers, Middle Fork Clearwater, and S. F. Clearwater River
27 - Velocity: at substrate, and .6 - Maximum Depth: to 0.10 m Measure stream velocity, stream depth, substrate composition (Platts et al. 1983), stream temperature, and riparian canopy for unit and site of capture- Velocity: at substrate, and .6- Maximum Depth: to 0.10 m- Substrate: size classes- Temperature: @ stream surface- Riparian Canopy: Densiometer(4 readings in a unit)• Evaluated the Pacific lamprey ammocoete density(/100 m2) and parameter relationship with ANOVA,Linear regression, and Multiple regression ( = 0.05)
30 MANAGEMENTDevelopment of Pacific Lamprey Habitat Requirement CriteriaPacific Lamprey Habitat and Recovery Management Goals- Persistence of Pacific lamprey in the South Fork Clearwater River drainage, requires maintenance or improvement of remaining lateral scour/straight scour pool habitat and stream riparian canopy cover
31 Figure courtesty U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Lower Granite Dam
32 • Improvement of upstream migrant passage at Snake and Columbia River dams critical for persistence of species• Improve downstream migrant conditions at Snake River and Columbia River dams- Increase spill (with average or > flows) Determine methods to decrease impingement of lamprey on bypass system
33 Clearwater River Drainage Pacific lamprey distribution 1970
34 The result was devastating to the fish. Declines of all five salmon and steelhead stocks and Pacific lamprey mirror the construction of the last five dams in the system.Completion dates for these projects are represented by red arrows (1962, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1975). I. Harbor, J. Day, L. Monumental, L. Goose, L. Granite
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