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Chapter 1: Living a Healthy Life

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1 Chapter 1: Living a Healthy Life
Intro to Health Chapter 1: Living a Healthy Life

2 What is Health? The combination of physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, and social well-being The state of being free from illness or injury Striving to be the best you can be at any given time

3 Wellness An overall state of well-being, or total health
Achieving wellness requires an ongoing, lifelong commitment to physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, and social health

4 The Health Continuum *Health can be measured on a sliding scale, many fall just below the wellness point High Level of Health Premature Death

5 Promoting Your Health Make responsible decisions about health and develop good healthy habits LIFESTYLE FACTORS (habits) – factors that affect: Overall health Happiness Longevity – how long you live Prevention – practicing health & safety habits to remain free of disease & injury. Ex: wearing sunscreen to protect skin from cancer

6 10 Lifestyle Factors (habits)
8-10 hours a sleep Healthy breakfast! Variety of nutritious foods Physically active for at least 20 min/day Maintain healthy weight Avoid tobacco, alcohol, & drugs Abstain from sex before marriage Manage stress Positive relationships Be safe to prevent injuries

7 Becoming Health Literate
Healthy literacy – to learn and understand health information & services & to use resources to promote health

8 A health-literate individual needs to be a(n)…
Critical thinker & problem solver Responsible, productive citizen – promotes health in community & chooses safe, healthful, legal behaviors Self-directed learner – seeks reliable, accurate, and current information Effective communicator – expresses health knowledge

9 Health “Triangle” Physical Health – how well body functions
ENERGY & resist DISEASE Mental Health – learning new things, enjoy challenges Mistakes = growth & change Emotional Health – respect feelings & express them Can respond well to others’ emotions

10 Health “Triangle” Social Health – way you get along with others
Making FRIENDS Communicating Confidence & trusting yourself Compassion for others Spiritual – explore relationship w/God Own divinity Greater purpose Outside physical realm

11 Influences on Health Environment – sum of surroundings
Physical Environ – crime, smog Social Environ – PEOPLE! Peers – people of the same age who share similar interests CHOOSE POSITIVE PEOPLE!!! Culture – collective beliefs, customs, & behaviors of a group Language, food, traditions, religion

12 Influences on Health Heredity – all the traits that were biologically passed on from parents Hair color, height Attitude – views positive or negative view on challenges Behavior - choose healthy habits!

13 Influences on Health Media – various methods of communicating information Delivery of information Technology Advances in medical technology are positive Negative if people watch TV instead of being active

14 VOCABULARY CARDS Health/Wellness Prevention Health Literacy Heredity
Environment Peers Culture

15 Chapter 2: Building Health Skills & Character
Intro to Health Chapter 2: Building Health Skills & Character

16 Interpersonal Skills Interpersonal Communication Refusal Skills
Conflict Resolution

17 Interpersonal Communication
The exchange of thoughts, feelings, and beliefs between 2 or more people Clearly say what you mean: use “I” messages to state your position Pay attention to how you say something: tone of voice, facial expressions, & body language Be a good listener: don’t interrupt, nod head & ask questions when appropriate

18 Refusal Skills Communication strategies that can help you say no when you are urged to take part in behaviors that are: Unsafe Unhealthy Go against your values.

19 Refusal Strategies Say no in firm voice Explain why
State your feelings, goes against values/beliefs Suggest alternatives Healthy activity instead Use appropriate body language Use eye contact Leave! Just walk away

20 Conflict Resolution The process of ending a conflict through cooperation & problem solving Take time to calm down & think through the situation Speak calmly & listen, ask questions when appropriate Work to resolve conflict peacefully using a polite tone when discussing solutions

21 Advocacy Taking action to influence others to address a concern or to support a belief

22 Goals Something you aim for that takes planning & work
Short-term goal: a goal you can reach in a short period of time Ex: getting an ‘A’ on your test this week Long-term goal: a goal you plan to reach over an extended period of time Ex: to graduate from college

23 Achieving Your Goals Make an action plan - steps to identify & reach goals Set specific, realistic goal & write it down List the steps to reach it Identify sources of support Set a reasonable time frame for reaching your goal Evaluate your progress by setting checkpoints Reward yourself for achieving your goal

24 Character Distinctive qualities that describe how a person thinks, feels, & behaves

25 Traits of Good Character
Trustworthy – honest, loyal, reliable Respect – considerate, tolerant, manners Responsible – self control, consider consequences Fair – play by rules, share Caring – kind, compassionate, help people Citizenship – obey laws & rules, respect authority, good neighbor

26 Role Model Someone whose success or behavior serves as an example for others

27 VOCABULARY CARDS Interpersonal communication Refusal skills
Conflict resolution Advocacy Goal Short-term & Long-term Character Role model

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