Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Coded-Wire Tag Program: Regional Overview

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The Coded-Wire Tag Program: Regional Overview"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Coded-Wire Tag Program: Regional Overview

2 Coded Wire Tags: Tiny Tool for Stock Identification
Stainless steel micro-tag Introduced in late 1960s Replaced fin clips for stock id Placed in nasal cartilage Originally binary coding scheme Adipose clip used ~ 3 decades as external flag for tagged fish Present: Use of electronic detection: Ad clip now flag for hatchery fish First however, I want to take a brief look at the features of the CWT for those who may not be familiar with the tagging approach. Talk from the slide Highlight the binary coding scheme, (1,2,4,8, 16,32) and a master code for orientation

3 Major Advantages of CWTs
Small size (0.25 x 1.1 mm) Ease of application Very low tag loss Vast number of codes Low cost (14 cents/tag applied) Biological compatibility Very minimal impact on survival Note size and point to the picture for scale, and placement in the snout cartilage Talk from slide

4 Format of New Decimal CWTs (Laser Etched)
The second major change has to do with a switch to alpha numeric coding in 2000, thanks to advances in laser technology. This represents the surface of the wire in a flattened view Note that the code is duplicated 4 times as well as overlapped Hence regardless of where the wire is cut, the code should be easily read

5 CWT Quality Today Tag 16/58/09 made 11 April 2002

6 Types of CWT Marking Studies
1) Management Objectives Stock contribution (fisheries viewpoint); Harvest allocation; Survival trends; Escapement 2) Hatchery and Wildstock Evaluation Stock contribution to the various fisheries coastwide; Straying; Age composition, etc. 3) Experimental Comparisons Diets, release sites, time of release, density, etc 4) Habitat Evaluation

7 Relevance of CWT Information to the NWPPC’s Fish & Wildlife Program
The CWT is the stock ID tool used coastwide for evaluating survival rates and status of salmonid stocks. It serves a wide variety of F&W Program purposes, including: Hatchery monitoring and evaluation Adult and juvenile migration patterns Evaluate and monitor harvest Coastwide harvest management closely intertwined with the mission of the F&W Program; and is critical to protecting Columbia River stocks in trouble. Federal ESA depends on CWT marked hatchery fish as indicators for wild listed stocks. 2nd point: Stock identification is fundamental to any monitoring and evaluation effort, regardless of where efforts are underway to rebuild stocks Third point: One has to know what harvest pressures are impacting the threatened and endangered stocks

8 CWT Tagging Programs Turn now to looking more closely at the tagging component.

9 Tagging Trailer in Action at Hatchery

10 Tagging Crew at work removing adipose fin and inserting CWT into the snouts of smolts

11 NMT’s ‘AutoFish System’ Marking Trailers, with Fish Guidance Trays

12 Volitional Entry of Juvenile Fish into the Auto Clipping and Marking System

13 AutoFish System with View of Tagging Machines (blue units)

14 Scale of Coastwide CWT Tagging Program
50 million tagged smolts released coastwide each year at a cost of ~$7.5 million Over 1,200 new codes involving hundreds of studies Chinook tagging levels are highest at 39 million; Coho levels at 9-10 million 54 federal, state and tribal fisheries agencies plus private entities now tag fish

15 Principal Tagging Facilities
Tagging programs are carried out at over 330 federal, state, tribal, and private hatcheries and rearing facilities on the west coast, including Canada Wild stocks also captured and tagged at numerous sites

16 Oregon Facilities Releasing CWT’ed Fish
Hatcheries fairly evenly split between coastal systems (22) and inland (20), with 10 in Willamette R system

17 Washington’s Coastal and Columbia River Hatcheries (excluding southern Puget Sound)

18 Scale of CWT Tagging Program in the Columbia Basin
18-20 million of the 50 million chinook and coho tagged annually come from the Columbia Basin Of those, ~6-7 million tags were directly funded by BPA in 2003 On a coastwide basis, BPA funds an estimated 13% of the 50 million tags released annually Use slide: These percentages have stayed fairly constant for the past ten years or so.

19 BPA Funded CWT Tagging Programs in the Columbia Basin
Prior to 1989, many hatcheries released chinook and coho without tagged groups In 1989 BPA began to fund tagging the “Missing Production” groups at ODFW, WDFW and USFWS hatcheries In 2000, projects renamed “Annual Stock Assessment - CWT” to avoid former confusing name Prior to 1989, there were a number of hatcheries in the basin that were releasing their production without any tagging. The reason was insufficient funds to do the tagging. Recognizing this serious gap in information, BPA in 1989 began to fund tagging for these hatcheries. Use slide NOTE ALSO the MATS Project as proposed new funding to meet needs for mass marking hatchery stocks

20 CWT Recovery Programs

21 CWT Recovery Program BPA Project 198201301
Ongoing data collection/management program Five component projects: ODFW, WDFW, PSMFC Tag Recovery Sampling Programs Columbia Basin sport and commercial fisheries jointly sampled by ODFW and WDFW Buoy 10 to Priest Rapids Dam (397 miles) Oregon ocean fisheries (commercial and sport) by ODFW (~1/4 cost of sampling funded by BPA) Tag Extraction: ODFW’s Clackamas Tag Recovery Lab Data management: PSMFC’s Mark Center Combined 2005 Funding Level: $2,028,757 The CWT Recovery program is ….with five component projects under ODFW, WDFW and PSMFC. Use slide Buoy 10 at the mouth of the Columbia to Priest Rapids Dam

22 Commercial Harvest Zones Below McNary Dam

23 Sport Fisheries Sampling Sections Below Bonneville Dam

24 Oregon Ports and Ocean Management Areas for Salmon Fisheries
ODFW’s ocean sampling program targets both commercial and sport harvest along the 310 mile coastline. Major sampling challenge as there are 12 major ports and ~75 buying locations

25 Flowchart for Columbia River CWT Recovery Programs
Commercial Catch CWT Sampling (ODFW, WDFW, USFWS, NMFS) ODFW Fish Tickets WDFW Fish Tickets Snouts Taken Sampling Data ODFW Biometrics Section Data Processing & Validation ODFW Head Lab Use Col. R commercial catch to show flow of data Sampling primarily by ODFW and WDFW, but some work also done by USFWS and NMFS ODFW Clackamas = Primary head lab Regional Mark Processing Center Other Agencies

26 ODFW Clackamas Tag Recovery Lab

27 ODFW Tag Recovery Lab Clackamas, Oregon
Extract and decode CWTs from fish heads recovered in the sampled fisheries, etc. Verify and report CWT tag data to ODFW’s data management and to PSMFC’s Regional Mark Information System (RMIS)

28 Number of Heads Processed by ODFW’s Tag Recovery Lab during 2003 -2005
Year Hatchery Returns River Sport Spawning Ground Comm. Gillnet Ocean Spt & Troll Totals 2003 12,527 2,383 1,006 8,793 9,710 34,419 2004 15,500 2,818 1,534 5,831 11,935 37,618 2005 20,153 1,574 785 14,809 6,801 44,122

29 Sampled Heads Brought into the Lab in Frozen and/or Formaldehye Soaked

30 Halving the Head, Cut by Cut, Until the CWT is Found

31 Checking Halved Samples to Isolate the CWT

32 Final Phase of Recovering Tag

33 Reading the Tag Code under a Microscope

34 Coding on Tag Easily Read on TV Monitor Screen

35 Ongoing Challenges for the Clackamas Tag Recovery Lab
The processed heads represent samples taken from fisheries, spawning grounds, and hatchery rack returns over multiple years (e.g work covered samples) Level funding, staff reductions and large escapements have overwhelmed the capacity of the lab to keep abreast of the work. This has forced prioritizing CWT processing: In-season management needs met first Fishery evaluation needs met second Hatchery returns typically met last unless specific needs exist

36 CWT Data Management

37 The Regional Mark Information System (RMIS)
CWT data are forwarded to the Mark Center where it is loaded and validated against an extensive set of checks Once validated, the data are moved into an online relational database (Oracle) that the public can access by Internet Data is accessible in either PSC exchange format, or various summary reports Data arrives in PSC format

38 Data Flowchart for the RMPC
REGIONAL MARK PROCESSING CENTER R M I S COAST - WIDE DATA USERS Errors VALIDATION PROCESS PSC format raw data Release Recovery Catch/sample Location codes Data description RMIS Reports: Detail Summary Ad - hoc ALL COAST - WIDE TAGGING & RECOVERY AGENCIES RMPC validated data Iterative process to fix errors REGIONAL MARK INFORMATION SYSTEM (R M I S) PSC format valid data C A N A D A

39 New RMIS Web Pages








Download ppt "The Coded-Wire Tag Program: Regional Overview"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google