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February 2011 Beyond Medical Care: An Integrated, Prevention- Oriented Child Health System Debbie I. Chang, MPH Vice President, Policy & Prevention.

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Presentation on theme: "February 2011 Beyond Medical Care: An Integrated, Prevention- Oriented Child Health System Debbie I. Chang, MPH Vice President, Policy & Prevention."— Presentation transcript:

1 February 2011 Beyond Medical Care: An Integrated, Prevention- Oriented Child Health System Debbie I. Chang, MPH Vice President, Policy & Prevention

2 2 What is Nemours? Operating foundation dedicated to children's health & health care Integrated health system with a continuum of care including: –Clinical treatment –Health promotion and prevention services, including community-based –Research –Education –Policy and advocacy Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children and outpatient facilities in the Delaware Valley Specialty care services in Northern/Central Florida; building new state-of-the-art Childrens Hospital near Orlando

3 Nemours Health and Prevention Services In 2003, Nemours redefined its approach to address health as well as health care. NHPS focuses on child health promotion & disease prevention to address root causes of health problems. –First initiative is preventing childhood obesity NHPS complements and expands the reach of clinicians by providing a broader, community-based perspective. NHPS target population includes all 228,000 children in Delaware as compared to the 50,000 children who use the Nemours pediatric care system.

4 The Current System Many of our childrens programs were designed decades ago to treat infectious disease; they are not fully capable of addressing current threats such as: –Obesity –Chronic diseases –Mental illness Our existing childrens system is: –Highly fragmented –Highly complex for families, providers and administrators –Financed by multiple public and private categorical funding streams that perpetuate silos in the system

5 A Comprehensive Approach Numerous reports suggest that health care alone is not sufficient to promote healthy child development. –Child health and well-being are influenced by multiple factors. A comprehensive approach is needed that integrates and coordinates across health, education and human services This comprehensive approach should consider: –The health and well-being of the whole child including the childs physical environment and social service needs; and –The childs needs over the long-term

6 Critical Components of an Integrated Health System That Can Address Public Health Needs 1.Oriented toward health and address social determinants of health 2.Fosters health promotion and disease prevention at individual and population level 3.Incorporates public health, health care, and public and private sector 4.Inclusive of the unique expertise of partners including those not traditionally associated with health 5.Continuously measures and improving the health outcomes 6.Built on key health system capabilities, including a electronic medical records; appropriate mix of health professionals; and flexible, sustainable financing. Source: The Commonwealth Fund, June/July 2009

7 Promoting Health and Prevention Traditional Medical Model Rigid adherence to biomedical view of health Focused primarily on acute episodic illness Focus on Individuals Cure as uncompromised goal Focus on disease Expanded Approach Incorporate a multifaceted view of health Chronic disease prevention and management Focus on communities/ populations Prevention as a primary goal Focus on health

8 8 Nemours Continuum of Care: Childhood Obesity Example

9 Concept – Integrated Health System Source: Hassink, Werk, June 2008

10 10 What does a System Committed to Prevention Look Like? A prevention-oriented child health system builds upon, and extends beyond, traditional prevention in primary care to look at the population level Strategy makes use of socio-ecological model, looks beyond the individual to examine a range of other factors that affect health outcomes at multiple levels Spreading policy and practice changes: –Population health-focused model: Defined program goals around reducing prevalence of overweight and obesity –Strategies in multiple sectors: Exposure to consistent healthy choices/environments for behavior change, all around Almost None prescription –Strategic partnerships: Greatest potential impact, authority to make policy and practice changes, ability to leverage resources –Knowledge mobilization: Providing evidence-based materials and tools –Social marketing: Creating and accelerating social policy and behavior changes

11 11 The Model: Working with Over 200 Community Partners Changing the health status and well-being of the most children possible through the deployment of evidence based policies and practices. Seeking the highest sustainable impact with the most efficient use of resources. Policy and Practice Change Agenda Community Infrastructure Behavior Change Healthy Children to build and sustain that supports that leads to that evidence the usefulness of Policy and Practice Change Agenda Community Capacity Behavior Change Healthy Children to build and sustain the that support that leads to that evidence the usefulness of

12 12 Going to Where the Children Are With Almost None Together We Can Make Delawares Kids the Healthiest in the Nation –Kids Cant Do It Alone –5-2-1-Almost None Integrated into all 4 sectors –Community –School –Child Care –Primary Care –Helping accelerate policy and practice changes

13 o of Child Health Promotion

14 14 Progress Results at the Population Level Results from the 2008 DSCH, compared to the 2006 DSCH, suggest that the prevalence of overweight and obesity has leveled off for children ages years in Delaware –Overweight remained unchanged at 17% Evidence indicates the prevalence of obesity and overweight has leveled off in all Delaware counties and within subpopulations Disparities still remain among racial groups Nemours initiative is on track to achieve its 2015 goal for some populations

15 15 School Sector Interventions Strengthened and implemented wellness policies –Impact: 90,180 children per year (2006-present) Learning Collaborative –Impact: 90,180 children per year (2007-present) –Provide assistance with the implementation of wellness policies (goals, action plans) and HB 471 –Tools, training, technical assistance Implemented HB 372: FITNESSGRAM® –Impact: 30,000 children (2006-present) –Assessment of fitness measured in grades 4, 7,9 –BMI data optional by school Implemented HB 471: 150 minutes of physical education/activity –Impact: 26,112 children –Pilot from Implementation of CATCH in elementary/middle/charter –Impact: 43,213 children (2005-present)

16 16 Statewide regulatory change – Impact 54,000 children (2007-present) –Reduce sedentary behavior, promote health eating/physica activity –Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) –Office of Child Care Licensing (OCCL) Learning collaborative – Impact 2,750 children ( ) –Translate policy into practice and support implementation Training around Healthy Habits for Life (HHFL), CACFP – Impact 20,000 HHFL children/ 24,000 CACFP children (2007-present ) Child care technical assistance pilot program – Impact 775 children ( ) University of Delawares Institute for Excellence in Early Childhood – Impact to be determined; up to 54,000 children (2010-future) –Continue learning collaborative Child Care Interventions

17 17 Implementation of Expert Committee Recommendations on assessment, prevention, and treatment of childhood overweight – Impact 207,000 children (2007-present) –Used by primary care providers, DE AAP, Medical Society of Delaware, Delaware Academy of Family Physicians Learning collaborative – Impact to be determined; up to 33,000 children (2010-future) –Provide tools, training, technical assistance for the implementation of Expert Committee Recommendations Nemours primary care strategy – Impact 50,000 children (2008-present) –Measuring BMI, identification of childhood overweight, counseling on healthy lifestyles Primary Care Interventions

18 18 Commitments from medical community to promote the Expert Committee Recommendations Prevention and health promotion built into Nemours Electronic Medical Record (EMR) –Nemours provider classification of BMI during well child visits doubled, 49% (2007) to 94% (2008) –Nemours providers offer lifestyle counseling to 95% of all patients (almost double the national reported rate of 54.5%) Delaware Primary Care Quality Improvement Initiative 19 multidisciplinary primary care teams achieved high results: – 98.2% of providers classified BMI or weight-for-length in 2009 (83% in 2007) – 88.6% of providers provided counseling on healthy lifestyles in 2009 (72.7% in 2007) – 88.1% of providers developed a care plan and family-management goals with obese/overweight patients who were ready to change in 2009 (74.2% in 2007) Primary Care Results

19 Key Principles Comprehensive, integrated systems for children are guided by the following principles: –Focus on child well-being outcomes and intervene early to prevent problems; –Coordination of programs and connection of services so that program silos are eliminated and children are better served; –Reach children where they live, learn and play; and –Acknowledge that infrastructure and systems development are essential elements of a comprehensive childrens system.

20 Debbie I. Chang, MPH Vice President of Policy and Prevention Nemours 252 Chapman Road, Christiana Building, Suite 200, Newark, DE (p) (e)

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