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Slavery and Abolition Chapter 8 Section 2.

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1 Slavery and Abolition Chapter 8 Section 2

2 James forten James Forten – free African American opposed to having freed people moving back to Africa became a successful sailmaker “Here I have dwelt until I am nearly sixty years of age, and have brought up and Philadelphia’s free educated a family Yet some ingenious gentlemen have recently discovered that I am still an African; that a continent three thousand miles, and more, from the place where I was born, is my native country. And I am advised to go home Perhaps if I should only be set on the shore of that distant land, I should recognize all I might see there, and run at once to the old hut where my forefathers lived a hundred years ago.”

3 Abolitionists Speak Out
1820s – more than 100 antislavery societes Advocate for resettlement of blacks in Africa Free blacks consider America their home. “We are natives of this country. We only ask that we be treated as well as foreigners.” Whites joined in the fight for abolition

4 William Lloyd Garrison and David Walker
Started newspaper The Liberator Pushed for immediate emancipation Founded New England Anti-Slavery Society and the national American Anti-Slavery Society Some white supported abolition but hated Garrison He attacked the government and churches for not disapproving of slavery David Walker 1829 -Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World – urged blacks to fight for freedoms rather than just wait Many free blacks joined anti-slavery societies 1850 – most of the 434,000 free blacks in the South had jobs Day laborers, artisans North – only low paying jobs available

5 Frederick Douglass Born into slavery, but taught to read and write
1838- job in Baltimore but had to give up his earnings Escaped to New York and used the identity of a free black sailor Teamed up with Garrison gave speeches Started The North Star newspaper “I appear before the immense assembly this evening as a thief and a robber,” he would say. “I stole this head, these limbs, this body from my master and ran off with them.” Frederick Douglass

6 Life Under Slavery 1810-1830 Rural Slavery
1.2 million slaves to 2 million slaves 1830 – majority born in America and spoke English Rural Slavery Men, women, and children worked dawn to dusk Often whipped if they don’t work fast enough

7 Urban Slavery Cotton wealth appealed to Southern whites who started farming Less white laborers for mining and lumber Needed slaves to fill jobs in mills and on ships 2.8 million slaves living rurally 400,000 living in cities Slave owners hired out their slaves to factory owners Urban slaves were away from owners more

8 Nat Turner’s Rebellion
Born into slaver in 1800 in Virginia August 1831 – Turner led 80 people to escape Killed almost 60 white people before being caught by troops Turner hid for several weeks but was eventually found, tried, and hanged. Whites killed 200 blacks to retaliate

9 Slave owners Defend slavery
Turner’s rebellion led to Virginia Governor John Floyd calling for gradual abolition in the state Motion for abolition was denied by a vote Backlash from Revolts Pushed for tighter control on African Americans – known as slave codes No preaching gospel unless a “respectable” slaveholder was present Can’t own guns Can’t purchase alcohol Can’t assemble in public Can’t testify in court Can’t Own property Can’t learn to read and write Can’t work independently as carpenters or blacksmiths

10 Proslavery Defenses Used Bible passages to show that servants have to obey their masters Abolitionists continue to campaign for emancipation Southern representatives secured a gag rule which deprived people of their right to have their opinions heard Repealed in 1844

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