Web-users are either residents or visitors a new way of framing types of users conceived by David White (Oxford University) We found that our students could not be usefully categorised as Digital Natives or Digital Immigrants. i.e. This distinction does not help guide the implementation of technologies it simply provides the excuse that some people just don t get it which is why your new approach has failed so badly… In effect the Resident has a presence online which they are constantly developing while the Visitor logs on, performs a specific task and then logs off. http://tallblog.conted.ox.ac.uk/index.php/2008/07/23/not-natives-immigrants-but-visitors-residents/
library activity data The University of Huddersfield Library We have collected 3.9 million library circulation records over 15 years. If you do not use the library, you are over seven times more likely to drop out of your degree. 7.19 to be precise." http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/reports/2012/activity-data-delivering-benefits.aspx
Local context, expressed as activity data analytics are fashionable evidence-based service provision is the goal highly responsive service delivery is something to aim for predictive analytics are the holy grail http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/reports/2012/activity-data-delivering-benefits.aspx
Jerome: axes of personalisation Where? which campus do you study on? Which library do you want to use? how far from the University do you live? Are you a distance learner/researcher? Who? are you a student? Undergraduate or postgrad? Or a member of staff? Teaching- or research-focused [or both]? Or maybe you re one of our Associate Readers or a visitor to the Library? What? which subject(s) do you study/teach/research, within which of the University s faculties?faculties http://jerome.blogs.lincoln.ac.uk/
poor characterisations of individual users current recommender systems do not work so well, especially when the context is broad. Within a single, focussed application, they can be made to work, but not across the internet data is gathered anonymously and from poorly differentiated contexts this adds up to what Eli Pariser, in The Filter Bubble, calls: a bad theory of you
cookies "The one site that installed the most was Dictionary.com. A visit to Dictionary.com resulted in 234 trackers being installed on our test computer [...] the vast majority of the trackers (200 out of 234) were installed by companies that the person visiting the site probably had never heard of." http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=129298003 From the Wall Street Journals What do they Know About You?
privacy, control & the Facebook experiment we gain personalised services at the expense of the possibility of having any control over what were willing to reveal the regular mistakes made by Facebook have all eroded the users control over their privacy in the system by making it very, very hard to understand contract of adhesion - a contract between parties of greatly unequal bargaining power.... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_Kessler but - this is not the internet, its just one application. Facebook will fade.... the world is experimenting with privacy
uncoordinated personalisation everywhere the only place this can really be coordinated in a future-proof way is by the client either acting directly as a user or through some proxy which is instructed and trusted by the user attention (data) is a valuable currency
expectations are changing - VRM from Customer Relationship Manager (CRM) to Vendor Relationship Management (VRM) Principles of VRM Customers must enter relationships with vendors as independent actors Customers must be the points of integration for their own data Customers must have control of data they generate and gather. This means they must be able to share data selectively and voluntarily Customers must be able to assert their own terms of engagement Customers must be free to express their demands and intentions outside of any one company's control http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/projectvrm/Main_Page
The Personal Cloud will replace the Personal Computer as the centre of users' digital lives by 2014 http://www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=1947315
defining the personal cloud (1) those remote, digital services used by you, personally essentially, you have your own infrastructure, provided by a number of suppliers you choose (within quite narrow constraints) which systems you use
defining the personal cloud (2) as for definition 1, but with the following constraints: data: you decide what data to store and control access to it apps: you decide which apps to use from which vendors and what data they can access terms: you define your own terms of service for anybody interacting with the data or the apps on your personal cloud. You can easily move your personal cloud to a competing hosting vendor if you so desire http://personal-clouds.org/wiki/Main_Page
VRM: fourth parties a new type of business on the net third parties who work for the user, rather than the service provider the fourth party represents the user s interests in other words, an agent, or broker, or mediator a new breed of companies providing such services starting to appear
the live web a very different way of looking at the Web the Web is fundamentally based on a request- response paradigm the requests can be enriched by applying contextual information supplied by the client - under the control of the user mixing APIs, rules and events when this event happens, send this message to this service
agents which can act as the user s persona - presenting a constrained and focussed interface to the world filters which learn and adapt to changing priorities, sources & rules in a chaotic world a secure place for them to curate data about themselves and their preferences resulting in: systems which use contextual information curated by the user or by their agent, and which deliver accurately personalised services and recommendations the future - APIs for users?
responsive (Web?) design designing for interaction with users through the same systems interface but on different: devices (desktop & laptop computers, tablets, smart-phones, even not-so- smart phones) applications (apps) Image taken from the Kineo website: http://www.kineo.com/mobile-learning/responsive-e-learning-for-multi-devices.html
new patterns - notifications, trusted application... users have expectations about the sorts of features they expect from online services, e.g.: notifications - presented in a standard way (not so much through RSS as through dedicated apps) integration and trust relationships between systems they are already happily using - e.g. OAuth
changing attitude of institutional IT support BYOE is welcome opportunity for customers, unwelcome problem for staff What excites IT leaders in higher education most about BYOE are opportunities to diversify and expand the teaching and learning environment, while the greatest challenges are issues that pertain to faculty and staff use of their own devices for work-related purposes. IT infrastructure is middle-ware between institution and users infrastructure Think of IT infrastructure as BYOE "middleware" the commodities that bridge users, their devices, and their consumer-level applications to the institution's data, services, systems, and enterprise-level applications. IT middleware should be robust, yet nimble. Eden Dahlstrom, BYOD and Consumerization of IT in Higher Education Research, 2013, http://www.educause.edu/ero/article/executive-summary-byod-and-consumerization-it-higher-education-research- 2013
serve residents & visitors build a picture of which of your users are residents, and which are visitors be mindful that users who are visitors in the library context, may be residents elsewhere consider how you might reach out to the residents in their wider residency consider how library services (will) appear in each user s personal cloud
turn the problem into an opportunity new literacies Those of us who work with students must guide them to build their own personal cyberinfrastructures [...] And yes, we must be ready to receive their guidance as well. Gardner Campbell, A Personal Cyberinfrastructure, http://www.educause.edu/ero/article/personal- cyberinfrastructure we should surely embrace this empowerment of the user? Very few faculty or administrators are curious enough about the Internet, or eager enough to learn about the participatory culture it empowers, to even begin to imagine how to use or empower personal, interactive, networked computing in meaningful, effective ways in teaching and learning. Gardner Campbell http://www.educause.edu/ero/article/wild-card-character-bring-your-own-panel-discussion
implications for the library we need to: be ready to anticipate a growing demand from our users that they control the relationship more than we be ready to respond to pressure to reform how users activities are tracked (c.f. new Cookie legislation) consider how our services (will) fit into each users personal cloud the library system: the notion of the user visiting the library system to find resources will become increasingly anachronistic browsing as a human activity will fall away, search is king for now over time, search will gradually become less apparent to the user too the ratio of software to human agents interfacing with the LMS will shift away from the human
thank you! Paul Walk email@example.com @paulwalk http://www.paulwalk.net
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