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Progress in the Implementation of The Almaty Programme of Action Third Meeting of Trade Ministers of Landlocked Developing Countries Ezulwini, Swaziland,

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Presentation on theme: "Progress in the Implementation of The Almaty Programme of Action Third Meeting of Trade Ministers of Landlocked Developing Countries Ezulwini, Swaziland,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Progress in the Implementation of The Almaty Programme of Action Third Meeting of Trade Ministers of Landlocked Developing Countries Ezulwini, Swaziland, October 2009 Sandagdorj Erdenebileg UN-OHRLLS Tel: , fax: ,

2 The Almaty Programme of Action Outcome of the 2003 International Ministerial Conference of Landlocked and Transit Developing Countries and Donor Countries and International Financial and Development Institutions on Transit Transport Cooperation The Millennium Summit of September 2000 committed to addressing the special needs of LLDCs. The Almaty Programme of Action translates this commitment into specific actions. – UN Secretary-General Overarching goal: to forge partnerships to establish efficient transit transport systems Only four major priority areas: (1) Fundamental transit policy issues (2) Infrastructure development and maintenance (3) International trade and trade facilitation (4) International support measures

3 UN-OHRLLS Global Mandate on LLDCs The High Representative is the highest ranking UN official appointed to deal with the three vulnerable groups of countries. Mobilization and coordination of UN System-wide efforts for the implementation of the Almaty Programme Assist LLDCs in strengthening their negotiating capability in international fora Advocacy to mobilize international awareness and resources Monitor and report on the implementation of the Almaty Programme (GA annual review: Secretary-General Report and Resolution) UN-OHRLLS: 4 sets of indicators 1.On economic development; 2.On transit transport and communications infrastructure; 3.On trade and trade facilitation and transit policy issues; 4.On International Support UNESCAP 1.Time/cost distance methodology World Bank 1.Doing Business Report 2.Logistics Performance Index

4 High Level Meeting on Midterm Review Excessive number of documentation for import/export Multiplication of scheduled and unscheduled roadblocks Lack of adjacent border controls Unnecessary customs convoy Insufficient application of IC Non transparency of trade and customs laws Underdeveloped logistics sector Absence of competition in transit transport services sector Noted progress made in transit policy reforms, increased international support (ODA, market access, debt relief) and greater support by international community to LLDCs Adopted a consensus Midterm Review Declaration (Res.63/2) – broad recognition of LLDCs specific challenges Convened by the General Assembly on 2 and 3 October 2008 in New York Identified specific bottlenecks related to trade facilitation that persist in LLDCs and transit neighbours and must be urgently addressed

5 High Level Meeting on Midterm Review LLDCs and transit developing countries are called to: strengthen legal frameworks for transit transport operations effectively implement trade facilitation measures make efforts towards eliminating customs convoy practice Improve border infrastructure facilities Widen and deepen public and private sector cooperation Mobilize investment from all sources Declaration identifies specific actions to be undertaken by all stakeholders to accelerate implementation under each priority: Donors and multilateral, regional, financial and development institutions are called to: provide appropriate, substantial and better coordinated technical and financial assistance, notably in the form of grants or concessionary loans effectively operationalize the Aid for Trade Initiative, so as to support trade facilitation measures and trade-related technical assistance facilitate access to and encourage transfer of technologies related to transit transport

6 2009 Annual Report: Economic Overview 2003 – 2007 GDP of LLDC Group had average annual growth rate of 7.7 per cent -- average GDP p.c. almost doubled in quantity 2007: Record high FDI inflows of $14 billion in result of strategic policy reforms and continued economic liberalization Better macroeconomic management also resulted in lower ratios of external debt to GNI LLDCs continue to remain at margins of global economy Even though progress was being made: Share of world trade in goods amounted to only 0.7 percent in 2007 – up from 0.5 in 2003 LLDCs structural vulnerabilities have magnified the negative impacts of the global economic and financial crisis – on top of climate change impacts and preceding energy and food security crises IMF GDP growth projections for 27 out of 31 LLDCs will sharply decline in 2009

7 2009 Annual Report: Progress - Priority 1 Electronic single-window systems and automated customs procedures Regional customs transit system (Thailand, Laos and Vietnam) Notable progress made in reviewing regulatory frameworks applicable to transit transport and trade to eliminate inefficiencies National trade and transport facilitation committees or transport corridor groups with balanced private and public sector participation Reduction in the number of checkpoints along transit routes (between Dakar and Bamako dropped from 25 to 4, reducing the average transport time between the two capitals by one week) One-stop border facilities (i.e. at Chirundu between Zambia and Zimbabwe) and increasing competition among customs brokers Over last 3 years: for LLDCs the average time to complete export formalities was reduced by an entire week and the time for imports dropped by six days

8 Great number of infrastructure development and upgrading projects of regional and sub-regional relevance are underway in all landlocked regions with the financial support of the donor community Substantial advancements to Trans-Asian Railway and the Asian Highway Networks, with the latter having achieved the goal of providing connectivity to all LLDCs in the region Renewed commitment to regional infrastructure development attested by the decision by African Union and NEPAD to merge their strategic frameworks to create a common continental initiative, called the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa. Resource mobilization for investment in priority projects of regional importance remains a central challenge 2009 Annual Report: Progress - Priority 2

9 Global just-in-time production sharing and intensified global competition highlight crucial importance of TRADE FACILITATION key component of LLDCs trade policy strategy WTO negotiations on Trade Facilitation are expected to produce a win- win solution for business, consumers and Governments which can look forward to reaping higher revenues from modernized and more streamlined border procedures Importance of trade facilitation for LLDCs is reflected in their very active engagement at the negotiating table LLDCs to strengthen concerted engagement with a view to reaching an agreement with binding rules that ensures improved conditions for transit, harmonized standards and a smoother flow of goods across the borders 2009 Annual Report: Progress - Priority 3

10 Increased International financial support is needed to assist LLDCs achieve the Almaty goals, particularly to fill the enormous gaps in infrastructure resource needs ODA continues to represent the most significant source of external financing for LLDCs -- Since 2003, increased from $12 billion in 2003 to $18.6 billion in However, most was for debt relief, technical assistance and emergency relief, which do not entail long-term investment in raising domestic productive capacities. Only 4 % allocated to transport, storage and communications infrastructure development in LLDCs Private sectors participation in infrastructure development remains heavily concentrated in ICT -- The global economic crisis is expected to negatively impact on private participation in infrastructure. AID for TRADE Initiative entered more operational phase (LLDCs in GMS and Southern Africa have benefited from pilot projects) -- best practices show that success depends on creating closer cooperation at the national level among relevant Government authorities in the areas of trade and finance 2009 Annual Report: Progress - Priority 4

11 Follow Up to High Level Midterm Review Inter-Agency Consultative Group on Almaty Follow-Up UN System-wide Coordination About 20 inter-agency partners committed to undertake research and technical assistance programmes, designed to assist the LLDCs and their transit neighbours in implementing the APoA and the midterm review declaration, in the following areas: 1.Coordination and intergovernmental processes 2.Transit policy issues 3.Transit transport infrastructure 4.International trade and trade facilitation 5.Resources mobilization Endorsed Matrix which outlines activities and programmes to be implemented by UN and other international organizations Enable greater coordination and streamlining of efforts to ensure maximum utilization of resources

12 UN-OHRLLS Thank You

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