Presentation on theme: "UNCLOS and the LLDCs United Nations, New York 1 June 2012"— Presentation transcript:
1 The International Seabed Authority and Land-Locked Developing Countries UNCLOS and the LLDCsUnited Nations, New York1 June 2012Michael W. LodgeDeputy to the Secretary-General
2 The seabed beyond national jurisdiction - the 'Area' The seabed beyond national jurisdiction - the 'Area'. Mineral resources of the Area are the common heritage of mankind.Mineral exploration or exploitation in the Area may be conducted only under contract with the International Seabed Authority.
3 LLDC members of ISA 10% ARMENIA BOLIVIA BOTSWANA BURKINA FASO CHAD LAO PEOPLE’S DEM. REPUBLICLESOTHOMALAWIMALIMOLDOVAMONGOLIANEPALPARAGUAYTHE FORMER YUGOSLAV REP.OF MACEDONIAUGANDAZAMBIAZIMBABWE10%Lldcs make up about 10% isa membership.17But only 3 have attended in last 5 years
4 LLDC UN members non-SPLOS 18 of the UN members who are not parties to UNCLOS are land-lockedOf UN members who are NOT states parties to UNCLOS, 42% (18) are land-lockedDo LLGDS consider it is not worthwhile joining UNCLOS?MistakenBenefits of ISA membershipSponsorship of reserved areas.42%
5 LLDC participation Article 148 Article 160(2)(k) Special needs of LLGDS to overcome obstacles arising from their disadvantaged location, including remoteness from the AreaProvisions relating to LLDC participationOpportunity for seats on Council in three chambers.No candidates and no representationNext election 2012Article 160(2)(k)... problems of a general nature arising for developing states that are due to their geographical location, particularly for LLGDS
6 LLDC eligibility for ISA Council Group C: major net exportersUganda (19.6%)Zambia (12.9%)Provisions relating to LLDC participationOpportunity for seats on Council in three chambers.No candidates and no representationNext election 2012Group D: special interestsIncludes land-lockedGroup E: equitable geographic representationCzech Republic, but no LLDC
7 LLDC benefit-sharing Article 140 Article 160 Article 82 Benefit of mankind as a whole, irrespective of geographic location ...Article 160... equitable sharing of financial and other economic benefits ...Provisions relating to LLDC participationOpportunity for seats on Council in three chambers.No candidates and no representationNext election 2012Article 82... revenue sharing ...Articles 143 and 256Participation in marine scientific research in the Area (including training).