Presentation on theme: "The International Seabed Authority and Land-Locked Developing Countries UNCLOS and the LLDCs United Nations, New York 1 June 2012 Michael W. Lodge Deputy."— Presentation transcript:
The International Seabed Authority and Land-Locked Developing Countries UNCLOS and the LLDCs United Nations, New York 1 June 2012 Michael W. Lodge Deputy to the Secretary-General
Mineral exploration or exploitation in the Area may be conducted only under contract with the International Seabed Authority. The seabed beyond national jurisdiction - the 'Area'. Mineral resources of the Area are the common heritage of mankind.
LLDC members of ISA ARMENIA BOLIVIA BOTSWANA BURKINA FASO CHAD LAO PEOPLES DEM. REPUBLIC LESOTHO MALAWI MALI MOLDOVA MONGOLIA NEPAL PARAGUAY THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REP.OF MACEDONIA UGANDA ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE 10%
LLDC UN members non-SPLOS 18 of the UN members who are not parties to UNCLOS are land- locked 42%
LLDC participation Article 148 Special needs of LLGDS to overcome obstacles arising from their disadvantaged location, including remoteness from the Area Article 160(2)(k)... problems of a general nature arising for developing states that are due to their geographical location, particularly for LLGDS
LLDC eligibility for ISA Council Group C: major net exporters Uganda (19.6%) Zambia (12.9%) Group D: special interests Includes land-locked Group E: equitable geographic representation Czech Republic, but no LLDC
LLDC benefit-sharing Article 140 Benefit of mankind as a whole, irrespective of geographic location... Article equitable sharing of financial and other economic benefits... Article revenue sharing... Articles 143 and 256 Participation in marine scientific research in the Area (including training).