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The International Seabed Authority and Land-Locked Developing Countries UNCLOS and the LLDCs United Nations, New York 1 June 2012 Michael W. Lodge Deputy.

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Presentation on theme: "The International Seabed Authority and Land-Locked Developing Countries UNCLOS and the LLDCs United Nations, New York 1 June 2012 Michael W. Lodge Deputy."— Presentation transcript:

1 The International Seabed Authority and Land-Locked Developing Countries UNCLOS and the LLDCs United Nations, New York 1 June 2012 Michael W. Lodge Deputy to the Secretary-General

2 Mineral exploration or exploitation in the Area may be conducted only under contract with the International Seabed Authority. The seabed beyond national jurisdiction - the 'Area'. Mineral resources of the Area are the common heritage of mankind.

3 LLDC members of ISA ARMENIA BOLIVIA BOTSWANA BURKINA FASO CHAD LAO PEOPLES DEM. REPUBLIC LESOTHO MALAWI MALI MOLDOVA MONGOLIA NEPAL PARAGUAY THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REP.OF MACEDONIA UGANDA ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE 10%

4 LLDC UN members non-SPLOS 18 of the UN members who are not parties to UNCLOS are land- locked 42%

5 LLDC participation Article 148 Special needs of LLGDS to overcome obstacles arising from their disadvantaged location, including remoteness from the Area Article 160(2)(k)... problems of a general nature arising for developing states that are due to their geographical location, particularly for LLGDS

6 LLDC eligibility for ISA Council Group C: major net exporters Uganda (19.6%) Zambia (12.9%) Group D: special interests Includes land-locked Group E: equitable geographic representation Czech Republic, but no LLDC

7 LLDC benefit-sharing Article 140 Benefit of mankind as a whole, irrespective of geographic location... Article equitable sharing of financial and other economic benefits... Article revenue sharing... Articles 143 and 256 Participation in marine scientific research in the Area (including training).

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