Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Priorities in addressing economic and financial shocks: Some Perspectives from Asia-Pacific LLDCs Syed Nuruzzaman Chief Countries with Special Needs Section.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Priorities in addressing economic and financial shocks: Some Perspectives from Asia-Pacific LLDCs Syed Nuruzzaman Chief Countries with Special Needs Section."— Presentation transcript:

1 Priorities in addressing economic and financial shocks: Some Perspectives from Asia-Pacific LLDCs Syed Nuruzzaman Chief Countries with Special Needs Section ESCAP

2 Basic indicators of socio-economic performance of Asian LLDCs AFGARMAZEBHUKAZKYRLAOMONNEPTAJTURUZB GDP, bln US$ Population, mln Population growth annual, % Trade-GDP ratio, % Net FDI inflows, US$ , , , ,1871,403 Literacy rate 15+, % … …99… Life expectancy at birth, years Under 5 mortality rate, 1,000 live births Maternal mortality rate, 100,000 live births

3 Economic and financial shocks and the LLDCs

4 4

5 External shocks and Coping Capacity A countrys vulnerability to external setbacks depends on the extent of its exposure to global economy and its capacity to cope

6 High proportion of exports to advanced countries Primary commodity exporters Highly dependent on capital flows – private, official (ODA) and remittance High external debt Nature of vulnerabilities of LLDCs

7 Direct balance sheet effects The credit squeeze Reduced availability of trade credit Effects –Fall in primary commodity prices –Falling export volumes –Reduced private investment flows –Reduced Official Flows –Reduced remittance flows Crisis Transmission in LLDCs

8 Stronger capacity to cope with crisis Weaker capacity to cope with crisis Varying levels of country exposure & coping capacity More exposure to external economic shocks Less exposure to external economic shocks

9 Economic Growth: Recent Trends

10 High trade-GDP ratio

11 Exports in GDP

12 Export growth

13 Direction of merchandise exports ( % of total)

14

15 MDG Score Card: ESCAP LLDCs

16 MDG Goal 1 – Poverty rate

17 Trends in Unemployment

18 Global economic crisis could push additional people into extreme poverty $1.25/day$2/day 2009 with revised economic growth rate 17 mil21 mil 2010 if economic growth continues 21 mil25 mil 2010 if economic growth same as 2009 i.e. prolonged crisis 31 mil36 mil

19 Slow progress in reducing poverty and hunger Progress in eradicating extreme poverty and hunger in LLDCs (MDG1) Country US$ 1.25 per day poverty (%) Underweight children (% under age 5) EarliestLatestEarliestLatest Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bhutan Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao PDR Mongolia Nepal Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan … 17.5 (1996) 15.6 (1995) … 4.2 (1993) 18.6 (1993) 55.7 (1992) 18.8 ( (1996) 44.5 (1999) 63.5 (1993) 32.1 (1998 … 3.7 (2007) 2.0 (2005) … 2.0 (2007) 3.4(2007) 44.0 (2002) 2.2 (2008) 55.1 (2004) 21.5 (2004) 24.8 (2000) 46.3 (2003) … 3.9 (1998) 10.1 (1996) … 8.3 (1995) 11.0 (1997) 44.0 (1993) 12.3 (1992) 48.7 (1995) 17.4 (2005) 12.0 (2000) 18.8 (1996) … 4.0 (2005) 9.5 (2006) … 4.0 (2006) 3.4 (2006) 37.1 (2006) 6.3 (2005) 45.0 (2006) 17.6 (2007) 11.0 (2005) 5.1 (2006)

20 Goal 4: Reduce child mortality

21

22 Building resilience to future crisis

23 Building resilience – inclusive and sustainable development Prepare for new normal- build instability in the global markets and external shocks in development strategy Focus on broad-based, employment-intensive and inequality- reducing development strategy Economic growth driven by productive capacity development Diversify export base and destinations Invest in internal connectivity Land-linked hubs with strong transport corridors and trade facilitation Regional and south-south trade and financial cooperation Maintain macroeconomic stability, rule of law and reduce corruption International support through trade, investment, remittance, aid, and technology transfer Strengthen social protection Improve basic services and their delivery

24 Promoting social protection Social protection in Asia and the Pacific, selected countries

25 Please read Vientiane Consensus

26 Thank you


Download ppt "Priorities in addressing economic and financial shocks: Some Perspectives from Asia-Pacific LLDCs Syed Nuruzzaman Chief Countries with Special Needs Section."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google