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1 Robert Nowak, UNECE, Transport Division Addis Ababa, 19 September 2011 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Road infrastructure standards in.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Robert Nowak, UNECE, Transport Division Addis Ababa, 19 September 2011 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Road infrastructure standards in."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Robert Nowak, UNECE, Transport Division Addis Ababa, 19 September 2011 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Road infrastructure standards in the UNECE region High level expert group meeting to validate the report on harmonization of road norms and standards in Africa and the draft Intergovernmental Agreement

2 2 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe A regional - and increasingly global – centre for international legal instruments 57 UNECE international transport conventions and agreements - Road, rail, inland waterways and combined transport 5 environmental conventions 35 UNECE trade facilitation recommendations

3 3 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Source: UNECE legal instruments applied on all continents

4 4 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Source:

5 5 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Inland transport infrastructure agreements at UNECE

6 6 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe ROAD RAIL COMBINED/INTERMODAL WATERWAYS

7 7 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Source: Declaration - 27 Contracting Parties

8 8 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Source:

9 9 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Predecessor of the 1975 AGR Agreement (Article 6.3)

10 10 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Source: AGR - 37 Contracting Parties

11 11 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Source:

12 12 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Source:

13 13 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Source:

14 14 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Source:

15 15 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe E-road network

16 16 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

17 17 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe West-East North-South

18 18 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Class-A roads

19 19 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

20 20 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Class-A roads

21 21 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

22 22 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Class-B roads

23 23 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe 1. Motorways 2. Express roads 3. Ordinary roads (X) Emphasis on safety and traffic flow conditions (min. congestion)

24 24 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - In accordance with the principles set out in international conventions and agreements - Non-literal messages to make them comprehensible to road users of any country - Latin characters to be used with other alphabets In accordance with the principles set out in international conventions and agreements

25 25 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Draft Annex III, TAH network: In Africa, there are few Contracting Parties to the 1968 Convention In Africa, there are also few Contracting Parties to the 1949 Protocol on Road Signs and Signals Road sign, signals and road markings should be consistent along the TAH routes Also, they should be consistent within a country UNECE may provide capacity building concerning accession to relevant conventions and agreements to make TAH a success

26 26 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Source:

27 27 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Source:

28 28 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Tauern, 12 dead, 1999 Mont Blanc, 39 dead, 1999 St. Gotthard, 11 dead, 2001

29 29 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

30 30 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

31 31 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Process: AGR Agreement deposited with the UN Secretary General (Article 17) Amendments considered by the ECEs Working Party on Road Transport (Articles 7, 8 and 9) SC.1 meets typically once a year

32 32 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Need to periodically describe and monitor the AGR network E-road census Process:

33 33 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe E-road censuses

34 34 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe A system/network approach Need to develop/apply complementary – to road infrastructure - legal instruments 1968 Conventions on Road Traffic and on Road Signs and Signals Harmonization Convention/TIR – border crossing facilitation; ADR – transport of dangerous goods; CMR – legal liability; Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations; Periodic Inspections Road infrastructure agreement alone is not enough:

35 35 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Source:

36 36 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Borders are important in interl transport Declaration (1950) AGR (1975)

37 37 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe The unpredictability at borders and/or waiting for goods to be released/cleared may be very costly Source: NELTI Final Report, Bishkek – Warsaw route Min. border time: 0.4 day Max. border time: 4.5 days Min.: 5 Avg.: 11 Max.: 26 hrs

38 38 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Inefficient borders may nullify investment in road infrastructure

39 39 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe AGR (1975) Agreement - benefits?

40 40 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Road: High and early interest in integrating and standardizing The 1950 Declaration; substantive revision in 1975 (AGR Agreement) High standards: comprehensive and technically demanding Complemented by other operational legal instruments (road traffic, signs and signals, transport of dangerous goods, vehicle harmonization, border crossing facilitation) Complemented by the legal liability regime (CMR Agreement) Ongoing interest and amendments (road safety audits)

41 41 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Road: Dominant and highly competitive transport mode in Europe (80-90% share in passenger/goods transport) Dominant and growing share Interest in Euro-Asian transport; est. 50% trips > 500km New vehicle fleets; EURO environmental standards

42 42 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Rail: AGC developed in 1985; feasible standards Rail infrastructure and operations set up on a national basis Gauge width, vehicle loading gauge, electric current differences Different infrastructure, operational/performance and legal standards Two legal (liability) regimes Recently, infrastructure and operations separated

43 43 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Conclusions: E-road network a successful and highly integrated international system - rail transport still fragmented, integration costly and challenging Be ambitious and forward looking – do not set the lowest common denominator standards To assist, avoid deadlines for implementation Start early – the window of opportunity may not be available for long Public and private sectors – excellent co-operation when working towards a common objective

44 44 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

45 45 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Source: AGC - 27 Contracting Parties

46 46 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

47 47 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

48 48 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

49 49 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

50 50 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

51 51 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe


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