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A Framework for Control COSOs five components of internal control and questions too important to ignore
What is COSO?
What is COSO? COSO, the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, is a private sector initiative established in 1985 by five financial professional associations.
Who? The Institute of Internal Auditors
Who? The Institute of Internal Auditors American Institute of Certified Public Accountants
Who? The Institute of Internal Auditors American Institute of Certified Public Accountants American Accounting Association
Who? The Institute of Internal Auditors American Institute of Certified Public Accountants American Accounting Association Institute of Management Accountants
Who? The Institute of Internal Auditors American Institute of Certified Public Accountants American Accounting Association Institute of Management Accountants Financial Executives Institute
Why? COSOs goal is to improve the quality of financial reporting through a focus on corporate governance, ethical practices, and internal control.
Definition of Internal Control
Definition of Internal Control A process, effected by an entity's board of directors, management, and other personnel, designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the achievement of objectives.
Categories of Internal Control
Categories of Internal Control Effectiveness and efficiency of operations
Categories of Internal Control Effectiveness and efficiency of operations Reliability of financial reporting
Categories of Internal Control Effectiveness and efficiency of operations Reliability of financial reporting Compliance with applicable laws and regulations
Components of Internal Control
Components of Internal Control 1.Control Environment
Components of Internal Control 1.Control Environment 2.Risk Assessment
Components of Internal Control 1.Control Environment 2.Risk Assessment 3.Control Activities
Components of Internal Control 1.Control Environment 2.Risk Assessment 3.Control Activities 4.Information and Communication
Components of Internal Control 1.Control Environment 2.Risk Assessment 3.Control Activities 4.Information and Communication 5.Monitoring
Ask the Right Internal Control Questions about:
ETHICS 1.Do board members and senior executives set a day-in, day-out example of high integrity and ethical behavior?
ETHICS 2. Is there a written code of conduct for employees, and is it reinforced by training, top down communications, and requirements for periodic written statements of compliance from key employees?
ETHICS 3. Are performance and incentive compensation targets reasonable and realistic, or do they create undue pressure on achievement of short- term results?
ETHICS 4. Is it clear that fraudulent financial reporting at any level and in any form will not be tolerated?
ETHICS 5. Are ethics woven into criteria that are used to evaluate individual and business unit performance?
ETHICS 6. Does management react appropriately when receiving bad news from subordinates and business units?
ETHICS 7. Does a process exist to resolve close ethical calls?
ETHICS 8. Are business risks identified and candidly discussed with the board of directors?
RISK 1.Is relevant and reliable internal and external information identified, compiled, and communicated in a timely manner to those who are positioned to act?
RISK 2. Are risks identified and analyzed, and actions taken to mitigate them?
RISK 3. Are controls in place to assure that management decisions are properly carried out?
INTERNAL CONTROL 1.Do senior and line management executives demonstrate that they accept control responsibility, not just delegate that responsibility to financial and audit staff?
INTERNAL CONTROL 2. Does management routinely monitor controls in process of running the organizations operations?
INTERNAL CONTROL 3. Does management clearly assign responsibilities for training and monitoring of internal controls?
INTERNAL CONTROL 4. Are periodic, systematic evaluations of control systems conducted and documented?
INTERNAL CONTROL 5. Are such evaluations conducted by personnel with appropriate responsibilities, business experience, and knowledge of the organizations affairs?
INTERNAL CONTROL 6. Are appropriate criteria established to evaluate controls?
INTERNAL CONTROL 7. Are control deficiencies reported to higher levels of management and corrected on a timely basis?
INTERNAL CONTROL 8. Are appropriate controls built in as new systems are designed and brought on stream?
AUDIT COMMITTEES 1.Has the board recently reviewed adequacy of the audit committees written charter?
AUDIT COMMITTEES 2. Are audit committee members functioning and, in fact, independent of management?
AUDIT COMMITTEES 3. Do audit committee members possess an appropriate mix of operating and financial control expertise?
AUDIT COMMITTEES 4. Does the audit committee understand and monitor the broad organizational control environment?
AUDIT COMMITTEES 5. Does the audit committee oversee appropriateness, relevance, and reliability of operational and financial reporting to the board, as well as to investors and other external users?
AUDIT COMMITTEES 6. Does the audit committee oversee existence of and compliance with ethical standards?
AUDIT COMMITTEES 7. Does the audit committee or full board have a meaningful but challenging relationship with independent auditors, internal auditors, senior financial control executives, and key corporate and business unit operating executives?
INTERNAL AUDITING 1.Does internal auditing have the support of top management, the audit committee, and the board of directors as a whole?
INTERNAL AUDITING 2. Has the written scope of internal audit responsibilities been reviewed by the audit committee for adequacy?
INTERNAL AUDITING 3. Is the organizational relationship between internal auditing and senior executives appropriate?
INTERNAL AUDITING 4. Does internal auditing have and use open lines of communication and private access to all senior officers and the audit committee?
INTERNAL AUDITING 5. Are audit reports covering the right subjects distributed to the right people and acted upon in a timely manner?
INTERNAL AUDITING 6. Do key audit executives possess an appropriate level of expertise?
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