5Fungi Eukaryotes (have cell walls) Hyphae- threadlike tubes that make up the bodies of multicellular fungi. (pg. 479)
6Where are they Found? Fungi need warm moist places to survive. - moist food- damp tree bark- wet grass- wet bathroom tiles
7Reproduction Use spores to reproduce. (most commonly) Fruiting Bodies- where spores are produced.Budding-small cell grows from parent cell, breaks off, lives on own.
8Role in Nature Environmental Recycling (decomposers) Food Yeast, mushrooms, blue cheeseFights Diseases (penicillin)Causes diseaseAthletes foot, ring wormAssists in plant growthBio-indicators (lichens)
9Role in Nature Cont… Some Fungi help plants grow larger and healthier. Many plants cannot survive without fungi hyphae growing into or on the plant root.Ex: Orchids cannot grow at all without their fungal partners.
10LichensLichens- fungus and algae/bacteria in mutualisitic relationship.Fungus-foodAlgae/bacteria- shelter, water, and minerals from fungus.Useful bio-indicators because they cannot grow in polluted air.