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Making the Connections! Proven Strategies for ELLs Cleveland County Schools 2008 Alisha Das, ESL Lead Teacher Harnett County Schools

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Presentation on theme: "Making the Connections! Proven Strategies for ELLs Cleveland County Schools 2008 Alisha Das, ESL Lead Teacher Harnett County Schools"— Presentation transcript:

1 Making the Connections! Proven Strategies for ELLs Cleveland County Schools 2008 Alisha Das, ESL Lead Teacher Harnett County Schools

2 Making the Connections! Proven Strategies for ELLs We will… Better understand English Language Learners (ELLs) in grades 9-12… their Take a walk in their shoes… Explore strategies and interventions that help accelerate… -acculturation -second language acquisition -academics

3 Who are our ELLs? What the State Says… Score below Superior in at least one area of the IPT English Language Proficiency Test (L, S, R, W). New Determination: W-APT or ACCESS Qualify for ESL Services. Remain LEP even if parents deny services. Qualify for State Test Accommodations and Classroom Modifications grades k-12. Must meet all high school requirements for graduation. Senior Project can be in students first language.

4 Who are our LEP students? Important Questions! What is the LEP students proficiency level? How many years have they been in the U.S.? Should they be in my EOC class?

5 Why are they different? Culture Stage 1 Stage 4 Honeymoon Acculturation Stage 3 Limbo Stage 2 Culture Shock

6 Why are they different? Culture Religious beliefs… Concepts about respect… Concepts of time… Concepts of education…

7 Making the Connections Acculturation Strategies 1.Involve parents… 2.Welcoming environment… 3.Peer tutors/helpers… 4.Validate language and culture… 5.Provide a multicultural environment for all…

8 Why are they different? Second Language Acquisition Stages of Second Language Acquisition Characteristics Pre-production Stage 1-3 months or more! Early Production 3 months-1 year or more! Speech Emergence 1-3 years or more! Intermediate Fluency 5-7 years or more!

9 Why are they different? Second Language Acquisition Frontal Lobe Temporal Lobe Occipital Lobe Know it… See it… Read it… Hear it… Syntax Order it…

10 Making the Connections Language Acquisition Strategies 1.Know the developmental stages… 2.Provide a stress-free climate… 3.Be respectful of the silent period… 4.Maximize exposure to natural communication… 5.Routine… 6.Concrete referents…

11 Making the Connections! Provide Relevance and Genuine Purpose

12 Making the Connections Accommodations and Modifications Modifications allowed by NCDPI… Oral retell Read Aloud Word Banks Highlighting Avoid word problems and test on concepts instead Reduce the number of concepts introduced at any one time. Modifications Checklist for LEP Students in Regular Classrooms

13 Making the Connections Accommodations and Modifications How do you feel about… Grading only the most important items? Allowing for oral assessment? Open-note/book tests? Grading on effort/progress/process? Allowing students to respond in their L 1 occasionally? Grading written work and focusing on content, not grammar and spelling? Making a different test for LEP students? Using a portfolio or project to measure progress? Marcie Pachino/ESL 9-12, Durham County Schools

14 Making the Connections Accommodations and Modifications When work is accommodated… Do you give it a passing grade? Do you give it an A if the student completes all/gets all answers correct? Do you place it in a portfolio? Discuss…

15 Making the Connections! Proven Strategies Turn and TalkDraw Think-Pair-Share Point, Show Think-Write-Pair-Share Explain in L 1 Four Corners! Demonstrate Inside-Outside Circle Choose Group Roles50/50 DebatePhone a Friend Poll the Audience 99 Ideas and Activities for Teaching ELLs with the SIOP Model

16 Making the Connections! Proven Strategies Algebra I In small group, determine the formula for…and present your findings to the group (EOC questions, textbook problem…) Novice/Intermediate Students can… Algebra I Use their first language in group discussions Rehearse the presentation with help of teacher/students Use graphic organizer to stick to task, guide thinking Use textbook, student notes

17 Making the Connections! Resources for Math English/Spanish Math Glossary Download: Math Lessons with LEP Modifications/Accommodations: +Development WIDA English Proficiency Math Standards and Resources:

18 Making the Connections! Resources for Science 9-12 Science Curriculum Units with LEP Modifications: Science Lessons with LEP Modifications/Accommodations: +Development WIDA English Proficiency Science Standards and Resources:

19 Making the Connections! Resources for English Language Arts Graphic Novels for High School Literature: No Fear Shakespeare: Graphic Novels Macbeth, Hamlet, and others… Go to: google.com, amazon.com, etc… English I, II Lessons with LEP Modifications/Accommodations: +Development WIDA English Proficiency English Standards and Resources:

20 Making the Connections! Proven Strategies Non-linguistic Representation… Illustrations, symbols, logographs, actions, signs… 27% overall gain 36% greater gains than definitions from dictionary, or creating sentences with words… Marzano Compare/Contrast Denial Abstract to Concrete!

21 Research says… Non-linguistic/Multiple Modalities -movement, physical, tactile, hands-on… -illustrations, diagrams, realia notes… -verbal representations, student-made definitions, dialogue, games, experiences

22 Making the Connections! Proven Strategies Verbal Visual Word Association Divide paper/card into four parts... Write word… Illustrate… Write synonyms… List places experienced… Create a cue or action…

23 Making the Connections! Proven Strategies On a sticky note/strip of paper, write a content word that is one of the following… Hard for students to understand Hard for students to remember Your favorite content word

24 Making the Connections! Proven Strategies Verbal Visual Word Association Divide paper/card into four parts... Write word… Illustrate… Write synonyms… List places experienced… Create a cue or action…

25 Making the Connections! Provide Relevance and Genuine Purpose ___% Experience/Opportunity ___% Intelligence + ___% Self-esteem/Motivation 100% Achievement Re: Donna Sawyer, Teacher On Loan, NC DPI 25 50

26 Making the Connections! Provide Relevance and Genuine Purpose

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34 Making the Connections! Proven Strategies for ELLs Do we… Better understand English Language Learners (ELLs) in grades 9-12… Did we… their Take a walk in their shoes… Explore strategies and interventions that help accelerate… -acculturation -second language acquisition -academics


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