3 Stalin’s Plea to the Allies Relieve German pressure on his armiesOpen a second front to divide German forcesAllies agreed
4 Churchill Angers Stalin Wanted Britain and U.S. to 1st strike at North Africa and Southern EuropeStalin wanted them to open the 2nd front in France 1stSoviet Union would have to hold their own, but allies would offer supplies
5 Battle of El Alamein Part of North African Campaign October 23, 1942 Massive frontal attack led by “Monty” (General Bernard Montgomery of London)Surprised the Axis PowersBy November 4, 1942 Rommel’s army was defeated
6 North African Campaign Generals RommelMontgomery
7 Operation Torch November 8, 1942 More than 100,000 Allied troops (mostly Americans) landed in Morocco and AlgeriaForce was led by American General Dwight D. EisenhowerRommel found himself caught between Montgomery and Eisenhower’s armies…by May of 1943 his Afrika Korps was crushed
9 Battle for Stalingrad August 23, 1942 Luftwaffe conducted nightly bombing raids that turned the city to rubbleStalin ordered the city be defended to the deathNovember 19, Soviet troops surrounded the Germans and cut off their suppliesHitler ordered the city to be held at all cost
10 ResultFebruary 2, 1943Only 90,000 survived of a force of 330,000 Germans90,000 frostbitten, half-starved German troops surrendered to the SovietsThe Soviet defense of Stalingrad cost them around 1 million troops and the city was destroyed, but Germans were on the defensive
11 Invasion of ItalyJuly 10, 1943Allied forces landed on Sicily and captured it in about a monthMussolini was stripped of his power
12 Bye Bye Il DuceJuly 25, 1943 the King Victor Emmanuel III had Mussolini arrestedSept. 3, 1943 Italy surrenderedGermans took Northern Italy and put Mussolini back in charge
13 More Italy The Germans retreated to the North June 4, 1944 The Allies entered RomeFighting in Italy continued until Germany fell in May 1945
14 More Il Duce April 27, 1945 Italian Resistance fighters ambushed some German trucks near MilanInside one of the trucks they found Mussolini disguised as a German soldierThey shot him the next day and hung his body in downtown Milan for all to seeChao Duce!!!
15 AssignmentWith a small news team (anchor(s), writer, producer), write a 60 second news story about one of the events that we just discussed.Be creative and ENTERTAINING!