Presentation on theme: "Waste Management Systems Objective: Analyze waste management systems used in the livestock and poultry industry."— Presentation transcript:
Waste Management Systems Objective: Analyze waste management systems used in the livestock and poultry industry.
Regulation of Animal Waste It is against the law for anyone to cause water ________________ standards ___________________ It is a violation of state __________ for ____________ to reach surface water ________________ Lakes ________________ Ponds
Regulation of Animal Waste Senate Bill _________ every animal operation must use an _____________ waste management program ________ confined cattle _______ horses ________ sheep ________ confined poultry Must have a ___________ Operators must be __________
Regulation of Animal Waste ________________- can be contaminated by _____________ from lagoons or run-off from sprayfields. In 1998, there were 107 documented discharges from swine facilities with 31 of these reaching the surface waters. ______________- can be contaminated either through ___________ lagoons or _____________ of sprayfield applied waste. Source: North Carolina Department of Environmental and Natural Resoources (2003) http://www.enr.state.nc.us/
Regulation of Animal Waste Violations: ____________ per day penalty if there is a ________ ________ ditch to route waste away from a lagoon or holding pit even if no waste is discharged
Regulation of Animal Waste Violations: In addition to _________ and ______________ by government agencies, _______________________ lawsuits can be made against livestock operations
Regulation of Animal Waste In addition to state regulation local regulations apply: _____________ _____________ for facility location It is easier to _______________ animal waste problems than to ____________ them
Types of Waste Management Systems Objective: Describe waste management practices used in the livestock and poultry industry
Types of Waste Management Systems 1. Type A _________________ lagoon Soil/plant systems __________ fiber __________ and ____________ 2. Type B Primarily soil/plant systems High ____________ _____________, horses, _____________
Best Management Practices What are the best practices??? Practices that ______________ the loss of ____________ thereby reducing the potential for negative environmental impact ___________________
Best Management Practices Example of Best Practices: ______________- distance from streams, homes, property lines Grassed ________________ Cover ______________ Conservation _______________ ______________ cropping _______________ planting Crop ________________ management
North Carolinas Animal Waste Management Plan Components of NCs Waste Mgt. Plan: 1. _____________ control 2. _____________ control 3. Animal________________- approved methods for _________________ of dead animals 4. ___________ and _____________ sampling- testing of both animals waste and the soil it is applied to
North Carolinas Animal Waste Management Plan 5. Record keeping _________ analysis _________ application dates Rates of _______________ 6. Waste application rates Follow the waste utilization plan
North Carolinas Animal Waste Management Plan Waste Utilization Plan 1. Source of __________________ 2. ___________________ 3. _______________ 4. ______________ of nutrient application ___________ _________ grass is used on most land where waste is applied Removes ________ amounts of _____________ __________________ control
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