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How well do you know your Parts of Speech?

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Presentation on theme: "How well do you know your Parts of Speech?"— Presentation transcript:

1 How well do you know your Parts of Speech?

2 There are 6 different types of nouns.

3 All nouns will be either
Common: general name for a person, place, thing, or an idea. They are not capitalized. OR 2. Proper: the name of a particular person, place, thing, or idea. They are ALWAYS capitalized.

4 All nouns will be either
3. Concrete: name something that is tangible (can be seen, touched, heard, smelled, or tasted) OR 4. Abstract: names an idea, a condition, or a feeling or something that is not tangible

5 All nouns will be either
5. Singular: one person, place, thing, or idea OR 6. Plural: more than one person, place, thing, or idea (generally denotes with an “s” or “es” at the end of the noun)

6 Nouns MAY BE one of these:
7. Compound: noun made up of more than one word (railroad, notebook, station wagon) 8. Collective: singular noun that represents a group or collection (team, pack, jury) 9. Gerunds: verbals (ending in –ing) that are working as nouns in a sentence (swimming, running, thinking)

7 Pronouns are EVERYWHERE!
Don’t get bogged down by this… Use your brain and make connections to what you already know!

8 Pronouns: take the place of a noun
1. Personal: Takes the place of common and proper nouns (must have an antecedent!) Personal Pronouns Singular Plural 1st Person: the person or people speaking or writing I, me My, mine We, us Our, ours 2nd Person: the person or people being spoken or written to You Your, yours 3rd Person: the person, people, or things being spoken or written about She, her, He, him, It His, her, hers They, them Their, theirs

9 Personal Pronouns have two forms: 2. Subject form 3. Object from
Singular Plural Subject: whom or what the sentence is about (also called Nominative) I, you, he, she, it Who, whoever We, you, they Object: who or what received the action Me, you, her, him, it Whom, whomever Us, you, them Whom, whoever

10 Other types of pronouns
4. Demonstrative Pronouns: point things out or “demonstrate” (This, That, These, Those) 5. Interrogative Pronouns: used to ask questions. (What, Who, Whom, Whose, Which) 6. Relative Pronouns: relate clauses to the rest of the sentence (That, Who, Whom, Whose, Which) 7. Reflexive/Intensive: refer back to the subject or “intensify” (Myself, Yourself, Herself, Himself, Itself, Ourselves, Yourselves, Themselves)

11 8. Indefinite Pronouns refer to something that is unspecified.
Singular Anybody, anyone, anything Each, either, everybody, everyone, everything Neither, nobody, no one, nothing One, Somebody, someone, something Plural Both, Few Many several Singular or Plural All, any, Most, None, some

12 There are three types of verbs.

13 Three types of verbs: Action Verbs: Express action that a noun can do! (jump, think, swim, write, watch) Linking Verbs: Do NOT express action. They connect (link) the subject to more information about the subject. Helping verbs: have no meaning on their own. They help out the main verb.

14 Most common linking verbs
The forms of “to be” Am Are Is Was Were Being Been Be

15 Helping Verbs Am, Are, Is, Was, Were, Being, Been, Be Have, Has, Had
Do, Does, Did Shall, Should, Will, Would May, Might, Must, Can, Could

16 What’s the difference? Adverbs: describe verbs, adjectives, or adverbs
Answer: How? When? Where? Why? To what extent? Adjectives: describe nouns or pronouns Answer: Which one? What kind? How many/much?

17 Prepositions A preposition shows a relationship between two things.
Work in phrase as adjectives or adverbs Location (on, under, in) Timing (before, after, during) Direction (from, toward, to)

18 Conjunctions: Combine sentences, phrases, or clauses

19 Interjections 1. Words that are “interjected” into a sentence to express emotion (set off with an exclamation point or comma

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