Presentation on theme: "Animal Science II- Small Animal"— Presentation transcript:
1Animal Science II- Small Animal Unit B- The Small Animal Care Industry
2Discuss the importance of the small animal industry. Essential Standard 3.00Discuss the importance of the small animal industry.
3Objective 3.01Discuss careers and skills needed for employment in the small animal care industry.
4Assignment Title your notes today Small Animal Industry Brainstorm how the Small Animal Industry can benefit society in general. Put a few of your own ideas in you notebook.
5Benefits of Small Animals Economic$38.5 billion to national economy (2006)Companions to 60% of American FamiliesChildren learn responsibilityImproves quality of life for elderly
6Benefits of Small Animals Product testingDevelop drugs and vaccinesHepatitis, diphtheria, tetanus, and polio vaccines
7Benefits of Small Animals Pet therapyRelieve depressionReduces heart diseaseWatch dogs, police dogs, seeing eye dogsRabbit meatLow in cholesterol, sodium and fatFur and wool
8Benefits of Small Animals ExhibitionZoos, circus acts, etc.Rabbits provide multiple benefitsPetsFoodClothingResearch
9Economics Retail pet stores Biomedical research Education 15,000-18,000 in the U.S.Biomedical researchSupported by $15 billion in taxes and charitymillion small animalsEducation6 million used for dissection
10Economics 4 million small animals used in the LD50 test Americans spending on pets$20.3 billion
11Economics Veterinary expenses $9.2 billion annuallySupplies and OTC medicines $9.3 billionGrooming and Boarding $2.7 billionDogs require twice as much for veterinary care as catsPet food manufacturers produce $15.4 billion in sales (2006)
12General Pet Ownership10 million more cats than dogs (81.7 to 72 million)Each owner averages two catsMore households have dogs (37.2%) than cats (32.4%)Fish, birds, and rabbits rank third, fourth, and fifth respectively.
13Job Types Care and management industry Food and equipment supply Pets Lab animalsZoo animalsHealthTrainingBiological SciencesFood and equipment supply
14Job Types Pharmaceutical and biotechnology research Hospitals UniversitiesDiagnostic LabsPrivate firms
16Care and Management Jobs Pet care workerBoarding kennelsAnimal hospitalsSheltersPet storesTraining schoolsPet grooming parlors
17Care and Management Jobs Kennel attendantsFeeds and cares for animalsCleansAnimal groomersBathes, brushes & trims hair and nailsDog trainersTeaches the dog to obey signals or commands
18Care and Management Jobs Small Animal BreedersRaise & market fur-bearing animals, lab animals, and supply animals for pet shopsUsually specialized for one breedPet shop owners and managersDealersSell lab animalsResearchEducation
19Care and Management Jobs Veterinarians (DVM)Control animal injuries and diseaseDisease preventionInspectionMeat and animals productsSurgeryEstablish dietsPrescribe medications1/3 smallanimalsonly
20Care and Management Jobs Vet. TechniciansAssist veterinarians and other staffSkills needed:Previous experience as a keeperPart-time volunteer workSheltersPet shopsclinics
21Discuss the importance of the small animal industry. Essential Standard 3.00Discuss the importance of the small animal industry.
22Objective 3.02Discuss medical terminology used by those working in the veterinarian phase of the small animal care industry
23Medical Terminology Components of medical terminology Prefix Beginning of the word indicating:NumberLocationTimeStatusRoot wordsWord part that gives the fundamental meaning of a word
24Medical Terminology Suffixes Word part at the end of a word indicating:ProcedureConditionDiseaseDisorder
25Medical Prefixes a-, an- without, lack of anti- against, opposing Anemia- without bloodanti- against, opposingAntiseptic- against infectionbi- two, double, twiceBilateral- two sidesdys- painful, difficult, abnormalDysentery- abnormal infection of the colonpre- beforePreoperative- before surgery
26Medical Root Words carp cardi dors wrist heart back carpel- pertaining to the wristcardiheartcardiology- study of the heartdorsbackdorsal- relating to the back
27Medical Root Words dent, odont Gastr Gingiv phleb, ven teeth stomach dentist- person who works with teethGastrstomachgastronomy- surgical opening of the stomachGingivgumsgingivitis- inflammation of the gumsphleb, venveinphlebotomist- person who obtains blood from veins
28Medical Suffixes algia centesis itis rrhea Pain arthralgia- painful jointscentesisProcedure to remove fluidCytocentesis- removing fluid from the bladderitisinflammationbronchitisrrheaFlow or dischargediarrhea
29Positional Terminology Ventral-underside of the bodyCranial-headAnterior-front of the bodyPosterior-rear of the bodyDorsal-backCaudal-tail
30Positional Terminology Dorsal (frontal) plane-plane that divides the body into the dorsal (back) and ventral (belly) parts
31Positional Terminology Transverse (horizontal or cross-sectional) plane-plane that divides the body into cranial and caudal parts.
32Positional Terminology Visit the following website to view a Virtual Cat DissectionExternal Anatomy Link
35General Terminology Infectious disease Pocket pets Preventative health care programsQuarantineSpayingNeuteringZoonoses
36Explore social issues related to working with small animals. Essential Standard 4.00Explore social issues related to working with small animals.
37Objective 4.01Summarize animal rights and animal welfare
38Animal Rights Not the same as animal welfare. Media may wrongly use the two terms interchangeably.
39Modern Animal Rights Movement Over 400 animal rights groups exist todayCame into prominence in the 1960s and 1970sInitially mainly made up of urban people, many of whom were vegetarians
40Animal Rights BeliefsAnimals have same rights as humans (humans are also animals).Use of animals for human purpose is wrong and suggests that humans are superior to animals.Animals should not be used for entertainment.
41Animal Rights Beliefs Animals should not be used for: FoodClothingMedical researchProduct testingEcoterrorism is often used to prevent people from using animals.
42PETA People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals Largest animal rights group in the world with over 800,000 membersSince 1980, it has been dedicated to establishing and protecting rights of animals.
43Animal WelfareAnimal domestication dates back to early Chinese and Egyptian cultures.Early U.S. used animals for food, clothing, shelter, transportation, and horsepower.
44Animal Welfare (Religious) Creation view that God gave man dominion over animals including use and careGenesis 1:26Various religions use animal sacrifice and detail how to humanely slaughter the animal.
45Animal Welfare (Legal) Animal welfare influenced early laws.Laws protecting animals were present before the animal rights movement.
46Animal Welfare Beliefs Humane treatment of animalsProper housing and nutritionProper care for disease prevention and treatment for injuriesEuthanasia or slaughter should be done in a humane way.
47The Vote? YES NO Do animals have rights? Should animals be used for food?Should animals be used for experimentation?Should hunting and trapping of animals be allowed?
48Objective 4.02Demonstrate safe work habits and techniques used when working with small animals.
49Zoonoses A disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans Example: Rabies
50Rabies A viral disease Affects the nervous system Contracted by: Bites ScratchesSaliva
52Rabies Immunization is recommended when in doubt 93% of reported cases were in wild animalsChildren ages 5-9 make up less than 9% of the population receive the most animal bites (30%)Most domestic animals are not infected if vaccinated regularly
53Toxoplasmosis Disease from Toxoplasma gondii parasite Usually carried by catsInfected by ingesting contaminated miceSpread by:Cat fecesContaminated cat litterAffects those with suppressed immune system
55Toxoplasmosis Concern for pregnant women Prevention: Miscarriage Premature babiesBlindness in babiesPrevention:Disposable gloves when cleaning litter boxThoroughly washing hands
56Ringworm Fungal disease Skin lesion: Spread by direct contact RoundScaly and encrustedLoss of hair at siteSpread by direct contactIndirectly by equipmentTreatment:Iodine soap or antifungal drugs
57Psittacosis (Parrot Fever) Contracted by caged birds such as parrots, budgerigars, and related birdsTransmitted through feces and fecal dustBacteriaPrevention:Wear dust maskEliminating mites and liceSpraying disinfectants on bird feathers
58Cat-scratch fever Non-serious Cat bites and scratches Symptoms: Localized swelling and sorenessTreated with antibioticsAffected area may be slow to heal
60Samonellosis Caused by the Salmonella bacteria Children and elderly most at riskSymptoms appear 12-72hrs after infection:Abdominal painVomitingDiarrhea for 4-7 daysPet turtles and reptilesMost likely to infect humans
61Streptococcal Bacteria Results in sore throat Can be transmitted by dogsTreated with penicillin
62Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Cause coagulation of the bloodFeverHeadachesNausea & VomitingSkin rashDeath if not treatedPrimarily passed by the American dig tick6 other species can carry the disease
63Lyme Disease First case in 1969 in Wisconsin Named in 1977 Lyme ConnecticutChildren developed arthritic conditionBacterial disease (Borrelia burgdurferi)Distinctive skin lesion 3-32 days
64Lyme Disease Flu like symptoms Painful jointsFatigue may last for monthsCan damage internal organs without antibiotics used as treatmentVaccines can be administered
65Parasites Gain subsistence from a host organism Can be internal or externalChildren are most at risk because they play with animals and in the areas where animals have been.
66Ticks Seven species carry Rocky Mountain Spotted fever Five species carry Lyme disease
67Roundworms Ascarids (Toxocara species) & Hookworms Affect dogs and catsMay be passed to humansFeverHeadacheDe-worming cats and dogs most effective preventative method
68Tapeworms Tapeworm Occasionally carried by dogs and cats Alveolar Hydatid Disease (AHD)RarePotentially fatal (50-70%)Parasitic tumors of the liverMay go unnoticed for yearsAvoid hand to mouth contact
71Working with Animals Safely Frequently wash hands and use protective clothing to avoid contamination.Separate sick animals and treat in separate areas.Do not eat, drink, or store food and drink in treatment areas.Never wash lab coats and protective clothing with regular clothes.
72Working with Animals Safely Protective ClothingRubber unlined gloves, rubber boots, and face shield or goggles with anti-fog lenses should be worn when handling chemicals or applying pesticides.Leather gloves help to protect from bites and scratches.
73Working with Animals Safely Protective ClothingCoveralls and lab coats offer some protection from bites and scratches.Respirators should be worn when there is a danger of inhaling toxic dust and other substances.
74Chemical Safety Use chemicals according to label instructions Store chemicals in the original containerAvoiding over-mixing and storing chemicals, but if they must be stored make sure they are in a locked location and clearly labeled.
75Chemical SafetyDispose of all chemicals and their containers according to label instructions.Frequently wash hands and exposed area after using chemicals.
76Proper Handling Techniques Prevent injury to the animal and the handler.Keep a first-aid kit available for workers who do suffer bites or scratches.Briefly restrain animals when needed for examination or treatment.
77Proper Handling Techniques To work around the head of a cat, wrap the animal in a blanket and place it into a zippered canvas bag so the handler can grasp the back of the head and hold the head between the thumb and fingers.
78Proper Handling Techniques Dogs are restrained by placing one arm under the dog’s neck with the forearm holding the head while the other arm is placed around the animals body to pull it close to the handler.
79Proper Handling Techniques Dog muzzles can be created by looping a strip of gauze over the nose and mouth, crossing under the jaw and then tying into a bow behind the dog’s ears.
80Proper Handling Techniques Rabbits can be picked up by grabbing the scruff of the neck and placing a hand under the rump for support.To hold them, simply move the hand from the rump to the abdomen.
81Proper Handling Techniques Rabbits seldom bite, but can cause injury by kicking with their back legs.They may be injured if placed on a smooth surface.Foot pads are covered with fur.Can result in dislocation of hips or spine.
82Proper Handling Techniques Rats and mice that are used to being held may be picked up by grasping the tail close to the body and then using the other hand to grasp the loose skin in the neck and shoulder area.