2What is Nursery Production? The growing of plants in controlled environments (or nurseries).Nurseries are places where plants, shrubs, and ornamental trees are grown for transplanting into landscape areas.
4Field Grown vs. Container Field grown production is being replaced by container grown plants because there is less shock to the plant.Plants are easier to move.Retailers can keep plants longer before sellingInsects, diseases, fertility and pH are easier to control in uniform media.
5Field Grown vs. Container Container grown plants have some disadvantages such asrequiring more waterbecoming pot-boundrequiring winter protection for cold climateshaving a higher start-up cost.
6Field Grown vs. Container Types of plants grown in containers vary from ground covers to treesProper selection of containers should include several considerations such asCostDurabilityAppearanceInsulation value to plant rootsShapeDrainageSize
7Growing Container Plants Either sell or transplant to a larger container when the plant reaches maximum recommended size for the current container.
14Watering Nursery Plants Water as needed to grow quality plants.
15Tips on WateringWatering is more important for container grown plants than field-grown plants because roots can go no deeper or spread any wider than the container.Plant containers are above the ground and will dry quicker.
16Tips on WateringPlants should be watered until the water runs through the hole in the bottom of the container.A gallon container needs about a pint of water at each watering.
26FertilizationFertilization should be done on a schedule based on each type of plant grownSome media have fertilizer in themNutrients have to be added to supply needs of growing plants
27Liquid FertilizerLiquid fertilizer used in watering is applied at a rate of 100 to 150 ppm (parts per million) of nitrogenPeriodic liquid fertilizing every two to three weeks is applied at a rate of ppm nitrogen
28Slow-Release Fertilizers Slow-release fertilizers such as Osmocote and Magamp are mixed in potting media
29Fertilizing Containers Plants kept in containers more than one year require additional fertilizer at the rate of one teaspoon of 18% nitrogen for each gallon of container capacity and should be watered thoroughly after fertilizing.
30Tips on FertilizingPlants should be observed and fertilization changed as plant foliage shows a need for either more or less fertilizer.