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1 ISP-Aided Neighbor Selection for P2P Systems Vinay Aggarwal Anja Feldmann, Obi Akonjang,

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Presentation on theme: "1 ISP-Aided Neighbor Selection for P2P Systems Vinay Aggarwal Anja Feldmann, Obi Akonjang,"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 ISP-Aided Neighbor Selection for P2P Systems Vinay Aggarwal Anja Feldmann, Obi Akonjang, Christian Scheideler (TUM) Deutsche Telekom Laboratories TU Berlin, Germany

2 2 P2P traffic r >50% of Internet traffic m Examples: Bittorrent, eDonkey, Skype, GoogleTalk… Internet traffic distribution 2007 (Germany) Source: ipoque GmbH (Nov 2007)

3 3 P2P from an ISPs view r Good: m P2P applications fill a void m P2P applications are easy to develop and deploy m P2P applications spur broadband demand r Bad: m P2P systems form overlays at application layer m Routing layer functionality duplicated at app layer m P2P topology agnostic of underlay performance loss m Traffic engineering difficult with P2P traffic r ISPs are in a dilemma

4 4 Solution: ISP-P2P cooperation r Insight: ISP knows its network m Node: bandwidth, geographical location, service class m Routing: policy, OSPF/BGP metrics, distance to peers

5 5 Solution: ISP-P2P cooperation r Insight: ISP knows its network m Node: bandwidth, geographical location, service class m Routing: policy, OSPF/BGP metrics, distance to peers r Our idea: m ISPs: offer oracle that provides network distance info m P2P: use oracle to build P2P neighborhoods

6 6 Solution: ISP-P2P cooperation r Insight: ISP knows its network m Node: bandwidth, geographical location, service class m Routing: policy, OSPF/BGP metrics, distance to peers r Our idea: m ISPs: offer oracle that provides network distance info m P2P: use oracle to build P2P neighborhoods r Oracle concept m Service of AS / ISP m Input: list of possible dst IPs m Ouput: ranked list of dst IPs E.g. according to distances between src IP and dst IPs

7 7 Oracle service Oracle-based peer selection for topology and content exchange

8 8 Oracle service (example)

9 9 Oracle service (2.) Oracle-based peer selection localizes topology and traffic

10 10 ISP-P2P cooperation r ISP-aided optimal P2P neighbour selection m Simple and general solution, open for all overlays m Run as Web server or UDP service at known location Similar to bind (DNS)? r Benefits: P2P m No need to measure path characteristics m Easy to avoid bottlenecks => better performance r Benefits: ISPs m Regains control over traffic m Less traffic leaving network => cost savings m Customer service improvement

11 11 ISP/P2P concerns r Network info m ISP ranking algorithm confidential m Output is ranked list or classification, actual statistics not revealed m List can be anonymized and dynamically altered m Network info revealed is already possible to reverse-engineer using available tools r Legal Issues m No caching of content at ISP m Oracle is a peer mapping service => consulting oracle does not imply participation in file-sharing


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