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Richard The Management Model of the Centralized Network Architecture IETF 75th meeting, Stockholm draft-richard-opsawg-cna-mib-00.

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Presentation on theme: "Richard The Management Model of the Centralized Network Architecture IETF 75th meeting, Stockholm draft-richard-opsawg-cna-mib-00."— Presentation transcript:

1 Richard The Management Model of the Centralized Network Architecture IETF 75th meeting, Stockholm draft-richard-opsawg-cna-mib-00

2 For the Network Access Technologies such as PON, WLAN and so on, there is a Generic Management Model behind them. The presentation is to discuss the Model and give an example using SNMP MIB. Preface

3 Typical Network Access Technologies Centralized Network Architecture A Generic Management Model MIB Objects for the Model Next Steps Need Your Guidance Agenda

4 Typical Network Access Technologies (1/3) OLT POS ONU Passive Optical Network (PON) PON defines an architectures of fiber to the home. OLT (Optical Line Termination) provides the interface between the PON and the service providers network ONU (Optical Network Units) terminates the PON and offer interfaces such as xDSL, Ethernet to users OLT can manage and control the ONUs according to IEEE 802.3ah and IEEE 802.1ag

5 Typical Network Access Technologies (2/3) AC Centralized WLAN Architecture IETF CAPWAP WG defines RFCs for it. AC (Access Controller) manages and controls multiple WTPs (Wireless Terminal Point) by the tunnel between WTP and AC. WTP can forward the stations data to AC by the tunnel. WTP use certain wireless technologies such as radio interface to communicate with the station. WTP station

6 Typical Network Access Technologies (3/3) The PON and Centralized WLAN Architecture give some typical examples to the Network Access Technologies, the multiple access units (ONU, WTP) under control by a controller unit (OLT, AC) is a an emerging trend. There are generic models behinds Network Topology The Operation and Management Model

7 Typical Network Access Technologies Centralized Network Architecture A Generic Management Model MIB Objects for the Model Next Steps Need Your Guidance Agenda

8 Centralized Network Architecture Access Controller (AC) Terminal Point (TP) Station 1234 AC manages multiple TPs through a tunnel protocol. Tunnel offers a management channel to the AC The interfaces on the TP are important entities which offers the access service to the station TP are under management by the AC Through the tunnel The Centralized network architecture (CNA) offers the access service to stations (user) by distributing functions among AC and multiple TPs. ONU WTP OLT AC Ethernet, , 3G…

9 Typical Network Access Technologies Centralized Network Architecture A Generic Management Model MIB Objects for the Model Next Steps Need Your Guidance Agenda

10 Generic Management Model (1/2) To manage a CNA, the basic operation steps are: 1) The operator prepares the configurations for TPs to be managed before they connect to the AC and can change TPs' configuration after they connect to the AC. The configuration for a TP is identified by TPs base MAC address. 2) The TP discovers AC and establishs the tunnel with AC. 3) TP downloads configuration by match its base MAC address with configurations Id. 4) TP MAY not run SNMP service, while AC SHOULD. TP reports Its status info to AC through the tunnel. AC provides the management Interfaces to the operators

11 Generic Management Model (2/2) The following management objects are important: 1) AC Such as the number Of TPs connecting to AC. 2) TP Such as status, software version, current configuration 3) Interfaces on the TP Such as if Name, status, configuration 4) Tunnel Such as peer of the tunnel, the establishment time 5) Station Such as Id, the interface attached AC TP1 STA STA2 TP STA3 SNMP, Netconf

12 Typical Network Access Technologies Centralized Network Architecture A Generic Management Model MIB Objects for the Model Next Steps Need Your Guidance Agenda

13 MIB Operation Steps Create TP profile to prepare Configuration Specify a TP profile used by which TPs Use the MIBs such as the Network Access Technologies to configure parameters for TPs and their interfaces TP boots up and connects to AC through the tunnel It triggers the AC automatically creates the TP Virtual Interface. To allow multiple TPs share a TP profile A access technology such as IEEE usually already defines the MIBs, We should reuse it. Through the SNMP to query TP, station, SNMP Agent on the AC It triggers the AC automatically creates the TP Profile Interface.

14 TP Template Interface For any network access technology, the configuration and management of interface is very important, and a technology usually already defines the MIB modules on their own. For example, the MIB tables such as Dot11OperationTable [IEEE ] are able to support WLAN radio interface configuration, while the MIB tables such as adslLineTable [RFC2662] are able to support ADSL interface configuration. In such MIBs, the tables of the interface parameters usually use the ifIndex as the Index. To prepare the configuration for the TPs interfaces, it need the logic interfaces on the AC: TP Template Interfaces. Creation of the interface is triggered by TP profile.

15 TP Virtual Interface For each PHY interface on the TP, it can have a TP Virtual Interface Corresponding to it on the AC. TP1 1 TP MAPPING PHY Interface identified by Id TP Virtual Interface identified by ifIndex It looks like that PHY interfaces are located on the AC, and PHY location of the TP (interface) is hidden to the operator. AC IfIndex is used as a common handler for a corresponding interfaces in the draft and the specific network access technologies' MIB modules AC

16 Differences between the logic Interfaces TP Template InterfaceTP Virtual Interface Function To help the operator to do configuration, and it is related to the TP profile Look like an interface corresponding to the real PHY interface on the TP, and operator could use it (by ifIndex) to query the PHY interfaces info. Event to Create Once the operator creates a TP profile Once TP connects to the AC, and gets Configuration Interface status Keep the up status to allow configuration Status is same as PHY interface on the TP (as TP could report its info to the AC through the management tunnel )

17 TP Profile CnaTpProfileEntry ::= SEQUENCE { cnaTpProfileId CnaTpProfileIdTC, cnaTpProfileName SnmpAdminString, cnaTpProfileTpModelNumber SnmpAdminString, cnaTpProfileTpName OCTET STRING, cnaTpProfileTpLocation OCTET STRING, cnaTpProfileRowStatus RowStatus } A TP profile is used to make configurations such as the name of a TP before and after it connects to the AC. The profile could be shared by multiple TPs (TP is identified by base MAC). The tunnel protocol message received from the TP MUST contains its base MAC address. The AC uses the base MAC address to find the corresponding TP profile for a specific TP.

18 Create the TP Template Interfaces (3/4) CnaTemplateIfMappingEntry ::= SEQUENCE { cnaTemplateIfMappingIfId CnaInterfaceIdTC, cnaTemplateIfMappingTemplateIfIndex InterfaceIndex, cnaTemplateIfMappingPhyIfType IANAifType } Another important function of TP profile is to trigger the creation of TP Template Interfaces on the AC. To implement this function, a TP profile MUST include the TP's model name [RFC4133], which reflects the number of PHY interfaces on the TP. In this way, the creation of a TP profile triggers the AC to automatically create the same number of TP Template Interfaces corresponding to the TP's PHY interfaces without manual intervention. CnaTemplateIfMappingEntry keeps the mapping between Interface Id And the ifIndex of TP Template Interface.

19 Reusing of the Entity MIB To model a TP, besides its status, the properties such as the model name are well defined by the Entity MIB [RFC4133]. It should reuse such existing standards. From the ENTITY-MIB module's perspective, the overall physical entity (AC) is a 'compound' of multiple physical entities (that is, the TPs connected to AC), and all entities are each identified by a Physical index. When the draft models a TP object, it also keeps the mapping value to the Physical index. Through it, the operator could query the model name, hardware version through the ENTITY-MIB. AC TP1 STA STA2 TP STA3 Each TP Identified by Physical Index

20 Typical Network Access Technologies Centralized Network Architecture A Generic Management Model MIB Objects for the Model Next Steps Need Your Guidance Agenda

21 Next Steps Current draft draft-richard-opsawg-cna-mib-00.txt post in the web site is a MIB draft. David Harrington suggests describing the management Model as an the Information Model, as described in RFC3444, and make it apply to SNMP and Netconf. We would follow it and intend to publish one draft for Information Model, another one is for SNMP. Later, we can have a Netconf one.

22 Typical Network Access Technologies Centralized Network Architecture A Generic Management Model MIB Objects for the Model Next Steps Need Your Guidance Agenda

23 Need Your Guidance You are welcomed if you have an interest to be co-editor.

24 Any Question? Thank You


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