1 Canada 101Jamie- PresentationPresented byJamie Caton: Consulate General of Canada in DenverandKaren Palmarini: Consulate General of Canada in Denver
2 What do Students know about Canada? MapleHockeyPolar bearsLong cold wintersIgloosVast forestWhat does it mean to be Canadian?“I am Canadian” commercial for Molson BeerStereotypesThe Canadian Identity----Molsom BeerOlympic Game: How do we canadian define ourselves in the eyes of the world- beyond stereotypes and the label “nice”Who are we? What id the canadian Culture--
4 Basic Geography 2nd largest country (after Russia) Canada is larger than the US by the size of Texas10 Provinces, 3 TerritoriesTotal population appr 33 million (compared to US 300 million)Capital: OttawaCanadian Population (census 2008: 33,311,389)US population: 307,006,550
6 6 Time zones across Canada Canada uses six primary time zones. From east to west they are Newfoundland Time Zone, Atlantic Time Zone, Eastern Time, Central Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone, and the Pacific Time Zone.Cf Canada Map given by teachers
8 Population Distribution 85%of population within 150 miles of Canada- US borderNew information 70% to 90%Natural Resources Canada, 2001
9 Symbols of Canada National Animal? National Anthem? National Sport? Oh Canada!The symbols of Canada. –Beaver chosen in Eagles 1782O Canada proclame hymne national en 1980Maple Leaf was always liked to Canada history since the 1700’- (1860 incorporated in the military sign-the one cent coin has the maple leaf- During WII maple leaf for the Canadian expeditionary corps -Federally bilingualCote of armOnly one provice recognize both languageThe crust of canada and the symbolsim- Union Jack etc….Flag of CanadaSymbols of canada book for helpSlide 10:symbol of BC new slides.
10 Symbols of Canada Cont Official Languages? Canadian flag? Canadian Crest?Bonjour!Official Lang: English and French/ New Brunswick only province where both language are recognized official – Quebec only province where French is official- all other provinces and territories English is the official lang.About 6M in QB and another 1M French-Canadian throughout the country.Canadian Flag- 1965/ US flag-1777-p.11Coat of ArmsWere adopted in 1921 by proclamation of King Georges V.In 1994, the arms were augmented with a ribbon displaying the motto of the order of canada (They desire a better country)The design: reflects the royal symbols of the UK and France (the 3 royal lions of England, the royal lion of Scotland, the royal fleur de lys of France and the royal Irish harp of Tara). A sprig of three canadian maple leaves representative of Canadians of all origins.The coat of arm is supported by the lion of England holding the Royal Flag and the unicorn of Scotland carrying the flag of Royal France. The crest above the shield features a crowned lion holding a red maple leaf..At the base: the floral emblems associated the Canadian Monarchy: the English rose, the Scottish thistle, the French fleur de Lys ad the Irish shamrock/
12 Government Both Canada and the US are democracies have a written ConstitutionCanadian Parliamentand…American Congress
13 Government, cont.Both have a Head of Government who appoints members of Cabinet (e.g., Minister of Defence/Secretary of Defence)but…
14 Many Differences CANADA Prime Minister is not the Head of State Prime Minister is elected by party – not peoplePrime Minister appoints elected Members of ParliamentPrime Minister can stay in power for as many terms as he is electedUSThe President is the head of State + the Head of GovtThe President is elected by peopleThe President appoints members from outside the governmentThe President is electedfor 4 yrs, for a max of 8 yrsA person becom PM by being leadr for the party with the greatest number of seats in the House of Commons.Unlike the US Presient, whi is elected by th epeople at large (through the electoral College), the pM is elected only by voters in his own district, like all other members of the House odf Commons. The PM is requires to call an election at least once evry 5 years, and may decide when to do so within that time limit.-The PM selects other elected members from his own party to serve as ministers in the Cabinet.In Canada:each ministers are at the head of a gvt deprtment (Foreign affairs, Finance, Justice, Labour)-In US: their counterpart are Cabinet secretaries who are appointed by President(but do not come form the legislature)
15 Differences, contCanada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchyMember of the British CommonwealthQueen is Head of StateGovernor General represents the QueenHer Majesty the Queen, Elisabeth II-Queen and Gvernor Gral are Honorific role- gvernor gral symbolize the historical connection between Canada and England. The main duties are ceremonial and little political power.The monarch appoints the Governor General on the advice of the Canadian Prime Minister, who is the Canadian Head of Government, after which the Governor General maintains direct contact with the monarch. There is no specific term. As with other appointments, the incumbent is said to serve at Her Majesty's pleasure, but by convention usually serves for approximately five years. Also by convention, the position before the 1980s was a male only post while since then three of five Governors General have been female. It tends to alternate between anglophone and francophone communitiesHis Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston
16 Elections Canadians do not vote for the Prime Minister Split between the executive and legislative branches of govt in USTwo major political parties in the US vs. several in CanadaMinority government
17 Popular Canadian Culture “Je me souviens” or “Iremember” referring to the Conquest of New France in 1759.Québec history is very much tied to North American history. NewFrance and the Thirteen Colonies were founded at the same time –within a year of each other – and yet the Thirteen Colonies had 2million settlers at the time that Britain conquered New Francewhile New France had only 60,000 settlers. Those 60,000 are theancestors of the 7 million-plus Québécois today since virtually nomore immigrants came from New France after the Conquest.Today the Québec license plate reads, “Je me souviens” or “I
18 Famous Canadians Who can you name? Mattew Perry, Jim Carrey, Barenaked ladies, Kenu Reeves, Avril Lavigne, Pamela Anderson, Mike Meyer (Austin Power), Justin Bieber, Sandra O`, Alanis Morissette, Daniel Reynolds, Celine Dion, Aidan Christophersen = Anakin Skywalker, Star War, William Shatner = Star Trek, ? , Nelly Furtado, Steve Nash (Basket)Hayden Christensen=Anakin SkywalkerSteve NashLarry WalkerJoe SakeWilliam Shatner – Star TrekMattew PerryBarenaked ladiesNatalie FurtadoAlanis MorisstteTerry Fox-Terrance Stanley "Terry" Fox CC OD, (July 28, 1958 – June 28, 1981) was a Canadian humanitarian, athlete, and cancer research activist. In 1980, with one leg having been amputated, he embarked on a cross-Canada run to raise money and awareness for cancer research. Although the spread of his cancer eventually forced him to end his quest after 143 days and 5,373 kilometres (3,339 mi), and ultimately cost him his life, his efforts resulted in a lasting, worldwide legacy. The annual Terry Fox Run, first held in 1981, has grown to involve millions of participants in over 60 countries and is now the world's largest one-day fundraiser for cancer research; over C$500 million has been raised in his name.Fox was a distance runner and basketball player for his Port Coquitlam, British Columbia, high school and Simon Fraser University. His right leg was amputated in 1977 after he was diagnosed with osteosarcoma, though he continued to run using an artificial leg. He also played wheelchair basketball in Vancouver, winning three national championships.In 1980, he began the Marathon of Hope, a cross-country run to raise money for cancer research. Fox hoped to raise one dollar for each of Canada's 24 million people. He started with little fanfare from St. John's, Newfoundland, in April and ran the equivalent of a full marathon every day. Fox had become a national star by the time he reached Ontario; he made numerous public appearances with businessmen, athletes, and politicians in his efforts to raise money. He was forced to end his run outside of Thunder Bay when the cancer spread to his lungs. His hopes of overcoming the disease and completing his marathon ended when he died nine months later.Fox was the youngest person ever named a Companion of the Order of Canada. He won the 1980 Lou Marsh Award as the nation's top sportsman and was named Canada's Newsmaker of the Year in both 1980 and Considered a national hero, he has had many buildings, roads and parks named in his honour across the country.Florence Nightingale Graham (December 31, 1878 – October 18, 1966), who went by the business name Elizabeth Arden, was a Canadian businesswoman who built a cosmetics empire in the United States. At the peak of her career, she was one of the wealthiest women in the world.
19 Canada-US Trade in 2010Largest and strongest trading relationship in the world1 Million dollars of goods & services cross border every minute of every day8 Million US jobs depend on trade with Canada.35,000 trucks +almost 400,000 people cross border every dayCanada and the U.S sharelongest border in the world:5,522 miles (8,891kilometres)► 37,000 cars and trucks crossthe border every day► In 2007, $626 billion in twowaytrade; more than $1.7billion of goods and servicescrossed the border daily► Deepest relationship of anytwo countries in the world sharing world`s longest border: 5,522 miles (8,891 km)Source: Statistics Canada
20 Canada-US Trade contCanada buys almost three times more from the United States than China does.The United States exports more to Canada than to China, Japan and the United Kingdom combined.Canada is the top export destination for 34 states, including ColoradoBeyond buying and selling things to each other, Canadian and US companies make things together too. Through our integrated supply chains, products can cross our border multiple times before the finished product is ready for consumers. Ex: automobiles5/ Beyond buying and selling things to each other, Canadian and U.S. companies make things together too. Through our integrated supply chains, products can cross our border multiple times before the finished product is ready for consumers. In the case of complex goods like automobiles, that means parts may travel back and forth as many as six times before a car is manufactured.
21 Canada-US Defence Ties Partners in North American defence, World Wars I and II, Korea, Gulf War, Bosnia, and AfghanistanShared continental defence in NORAD (North American Aerospace Command) since 1958Unique border security cooperation in intelligence sharing and joint law enforcementAfghanistanN.O.R.A.DBorder Security
22 Canada-Energy Relations Canada is the largest foreign supplier of US oil (since 1999)Canada provides 90% of all US natural gas importsCanada and the US share an integrated electricity gridCanada provides almost all the US electricity imports
23 Shared Environment Shared waters, air, fisheries and wildlife Partners in managing cross border parks, wilderness areas and sanctuaries
24 Canada and Colorado Canada is Colorado’s largest export market Canada-US trade supports > 143,800 jobs116 Canadian-owned companies employ 10,556 people in 304 locations in Colorado-Energy: Encana, Suncor, Transcanada, Clining Mining / New Elk Mine, Enerplus-Information-Technology: Great West Life, Teletec,-Agriculture: Agrium Inc.-Goods: Coors-MolsomCaanda –c0 – look in your binder find similar info in your statemore than 8 million U.S. jobs depend on trade with Canadaour bilateral trade relationship results in positive economic impacts — not only for Canada but also for the United States and Montana.Enerplus Resources, for example. Since 2005, the Canadian oil and gas company has steadily increased its presence in the U.S. oil and gas market with expanded operations, including in Montana, which is yet another example of the mutually beneficial economic relationship between Montana and Canada. The Sleeping Giant oil project in northeast Montana, for example, is the company’s single largest crude oil producing property. In 2009, Enerplus invested approximately $25 million in the area, and in 2010 it announced an allocation of $58 million to be invested in development activities.the shared trading relationship between Canada and the United States is the largest in the world, and that Canada is the No. 1 export market for 34 of the 50 states. Canada buys almost three times more from the United States than from China. In addition, the United States exports more to Canada than to China, Japan and the United Kingdom combined.Beyond buying and selling things to each other, Canadian and U.S. companies make things together too. Through our integrated supply chains, products can cross our border multiple times before the finished product is ready for consumers. In the case of complex goods like automobiles, that means parts may travel back and forth as many as six times before a car is manufactured.The United States and Canada have been and will continue to be each other’s best customer. More than 1 million dollars’ worth of goods and services cross our border every minute.We depend on one another to compete globally. When it comes to economic recovery and joint prosperity, we Canadians and Americans are in this together.1/Colorado export more to Canada than anywhere else.2/Echo Star, Telesat Canada and Encana
25 Key Issues for Denver Consulate General Border SecurityBeef-CattleEnergy-alternativeCoal and GasCarbon sequestration
26 7 consulates13 Consulate General across the USEmbassy: WSHDCDenver covers 4 territories