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The French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research Anne Prétet - St-Petersburg Conference 01.07.29 - 01.08.01 1 ACCESSING TRANSPORTATION RESOURCES.

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Presentation on theme: "The French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research Anne Prétet - St-Petersburg Conference 01.07.29 - 01.08.01 1 ACCESSING TRANSPORTATION RESOURCES."— Presentation transcript:

1 The French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research Anne Prétet - St-Petersburg Conference ACCESSING TRANSPORTATION RESOURCES WORLDWIDE St-Petersburg Conference, Florida, USA / FUTURE OF INFORMATION ACCESS EUROPEAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE PERSPECTIVE

2 The French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research Anne Prétet - St-Petersburg Conference TABLE OF CONTENTS Information access : obstacles and challenges for information users for information producers Some solutions to meet usersneed from the internet technology side from document formatting techniques Back to present situation of information access in Europe and worldwide Conclusion : some avenues to approach a sustainable information access

3 The French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research Anne Prétet - St-Petersburg Conference SOME OBSTACLES AND CHALLENGES for INFORMATION USERS Incompatibilities of documents versions Cost of information access No connection to the internet available or of bad quality Insufficient computers stock (mainly in developing countries)

4 The French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research Anne Prétet - St-Petersburg Conference SOME CHALLENGES for PROVIDERS Offer compatible documents versions or retro-conversion solutions Make the users aware of the necessity to turn to XML use Reduce the cost of information access (approach free access solutions in research area) Propose to host internet sites with a minimum charge Participate in the NGO actions to have developing countries benefiting from developed countries unused computers

5 The French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research Anne Prétet - St-Petersburg Conference SOME SOLUTIONS TO MEET USERS NEED from THE INTERNET TECHNOLOGY SIDE Intermediation, a framework for the development of the future internet A – Prior to intermediation A producer An operator A kiosk A final user

6 The French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research Anne Prétet - St-Petersburg Conference SOME SOLUTIONS TO MEET USERS NEED from THE INTERNET TECHNOLOGY SIDE - cntd B - Thanks to intermediation A symmetry between users and producers A standard format (HTML, XML) for the data storage Dedicated systems (internet server, search engines with specific architecture) for the data processing New service for information aggregation, filtering and formatting

7 The French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research Anne Prétet - St-Petersburg Conference SOME SOLUTIONS TO MEET USERS NEED from DOCUMENT FORMATTING TECHNIQUES XML and the codification of bibliographic information XML and the bibliographical notice representation (MARC format) XML and the bibliographical information representation XML engineering : why to use this standard ?

8 The French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research Anne Prétet - St-Petersburg Conference BACK TO PRESENT SITUATION OF INFORMATION ACCESS IN EUROPE OR WORLDWIDE Transport Transport related sites : ITRD : available from Silverplatter CD-ROM or paying servers as EINS (www2.eins.org) and STN easy (http://stneasy.fiz-karlsruhe.de) IRTAD, German BAST Institute (www.bast.de/irtad/) :www.bast.de/irtad international data on road accidents ECMT, The European Conference of Ministers of Transport, associated with OECD (www.oecd.org/cem) INRETS French partners institutional sites => SNCF, RATP and French Ministry of Equipment and Transport (www.equipement.gouv.fr) services such as SETRA, CERTU EINS server => PASCAL, PSYCINFO, INSPEC (www2.eins.org)

9 The French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research Anne Prétet - St-Petersburg Conference BACK TO PRESENT SITUATION OF INFORMATION ACCESS IN EUROPE OR WORLDWIDE - cntd General or scientific oriented General or scientific oriented sites : BNF (FRENCH NATIONAL LIBRARY), INRETS partner, with its shared catalogue CCFr (www.bnf.fr) RLG (RESEARCH LIBRARY GROUP, => RLIN base (Research Libraries Information Network) => 160 important research libraries, American ones such as Columbia University, Harvard, Yale, New York Public Library), Canadian, African, Australian and European ones (England, Scotland, Spain, Wales, Switzerland, France) OECD (www.oecd.org) EU site (www.europa.eu.int),www.europa.eu.int CERN (European Laboratory for Particle Physics ), Library program CERNLIB (important collection in computer sciences => wwwinfo.cern.ch/asd/)

10 The French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research Anne Prétet - St-Petersburg Conference BACK TO PRESENT SITUATION OF INFORMATION ACCESS IN EUROPE OR WORLDWIDE - cntd Some sites offering free access to full text documents or usually paying data bases : BNF for its virtual library GALLICA (http://gallica.bnf.fr/) French university of Lyons for dissertations (Cyberthèses programme) ELSEVIER site for selected journals or data bases (1,200 journals and navigation across 30 million records with links to 10 million journal files (www.ScienceDirect.com) ISI Web of Science (free temporary access to selected Current Contents (http://sunweb.isinet.com) CNRS/INIST gateway (Connect Sciences for selected data bases or journals as well

11 The French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research Anne Prétet - St-Petersburg Conference SOME AVENUES TO APPROACH A SUSTAINABLE INFORMATION ACCESS Enable a greater use of the Internet and the supplying of full text documents, especially in research organizations worldwide Develop and generalize the information retrieval tools based upon A.I. technology using semantic and natural language approach Think global, in contemplating larger cooperation between European organizations ITRD taking part in knowledge management mainstream under the aegis of EU Transport Research Board ITRD joining the OECD project to co-operate with the World Bank for the conception of a global development gateway (D.Symmes/J. Christensen, ITRD operational committee, Paris, October 23rd, 2000)

12 The French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research Anne Prétet - St-Petersburg Conference For any further information : INRETS site :


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