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CEOS Constellations Systems Engineering Office (SEO) Working Group on Information Systems and Services (WGISS) Workshop Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany October.

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Presentation on theme: "CEOS Constellations Systems Engineering Office (SEO) Working Group on Information Systems and Services (WGISS) Workshop Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany October."— Presentation transcript:

1 CEOS Constellations Systems Engineering Office (SEO) Working Group on Information Systems and Services (WGISS) Workshop Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany October 18, 2007 Steve Sandford Brian Killough

2 Background CEOS recommended 4 constellation studies in late-2005 to bring about technical and scientific cooperation and collaboration among space agencies that meet GEO objectives and also support national priorities. The formal work plans for each constellation team was approved in late Atmospheric Composition (NASA) Precipitation (NASA/JAXA) Ocean Surface Topography (NOAA/EUMETSAT) Land Surface Imaging (USGS) 68 member countries Created in members + 20 associates

3 CEOS Systems Engineering CEOS-Plenary 2006 NASA HQ volunteered to provide Systems Engineering support to CEOS. NASA LaRC was asked to lead the systems engineering effort in early The CEOS Systems Engineering Office (SEO) was established in April 2007 to support the CEOS SIT and the Constellation Teams. SEO Charter - science and engineering framework - requirements definition - mission assessment - constellation architecture planning - foster communication within CEOS - provide decision support tools Provide each Cx system engineering support; Report to Cx leads Provide cross-Cx communications, consistency, best practices, etc.; Report to CEOS SIT/SEC

4 SEO Charter and Benefits SEO Charter Provide systems level guidance and recommendations for how to effectively and efficiently achieve the space segment of GEOSS. Provide engineering support for CEOS Virtual Constellation teams and Working Groups. Facilitate requirements definition, mission assessment and constellation planning among the international CEOS members. SEO Benefits SEO fosters communications among CEOS partners, Constellation teams and Working Groups to enhance benefits. SEO provides a systems engineering leadership role for CEOS with the ability to respond to the needs of the CEOS in a collaborative manner. SEO provides a framework for a coherent science and engineering plan that is supported by the entire international community. SEO plans to provide decision support tools for constellation trade studies and the assessment of execution options.

5 Governments General Public An Organizational Construct for GEOSS Societal Link Decision Makers Operational Agencies Policy Agencies Academia Research Agencies Industry Space Agencies Information Taxonomy Knowledge and Models Measurements Missions Societal Benefits Useful Products Science Questions Measurable Parameters Mission Constraints DRIVERS GEO GEOSS Agents SEO Taxonomy Overlap, Missing Data Impact Optimization Space Agencies Virtual Constellations Land Imaging Ocean Topography Atmos Composition Global Precipitation CEOS Organization Virtual Constellations (4) Sys.Eng.Office (SEO) Working Groups (3) Space Segment ONLY SBA Assessment Societal Benefits Space, Land, Ocean Working Groups Info.Sys.& Services Calib. / Valid. Education GEOSS Implementation

6 GEOSS Requirements Taxonomy Decision Makers Information Knowledge and Models Measurements Decision Makers: Individuals and groups that use informational products for decisions focused on societal benefit. Examples: governmental officials, business leaders, and the general public. Information: Products that provide direct societal benefit. These products are developed by combining Measurements and Knowledge/Models to provide decision makers the ability to choose a course of action. Examples: forecasts, assessments, and reports. Knowledge and Models: Understanding of geophysical processes representing geophysical parameter behavior or future states. Includes Level-3 data products and Level-4 model ouput derived from lower level products. Examples: global maps, long-term trend data, and modeled parameters. Measurements: Direct observations of specific geophysical parameters. Includes Level-1 (calibrated data) and Level-2 (variable retrievals). Examples: radiance, ocean height, soil moisture, and relative humidity. Missions: Implementation of space-based measurements by world space agencies to under technical and cost constraints. Requirements Assessment Architecture Planning - Validation and Verification - Traceability (current, future) - Gap Analysis - Technology Feasibility - SBA value - Protocol Monitoring - Cost / Benefit Analyses - Risk Mitigation - Probabilistic Models Missions

7 Knowledge and Models Air Quality Decisions (Children w/asthma?, Pollution regulation?) Measurements Missions Information Decision Makers Atmospheric Composition Constellation (ACC) Health SBA (Air Quality) Example Societal Need Needs and Requirements Societal Benefit Air Quality Forecasts, Validation Improved Indexes and Real-Time Forecasts Results and Products ACC individual missions provide limited continuity and coverage Improved knowledge and models Improved technology ACC provides improved continuity, coverage and new products

8 Long-Term SEO Plans Support existing and new CEOS Constellation teams by conducting assessments, defining requirements and developing candidate architectures for the future. Perform an optimization and cost-benefit analysis of the GEO SBAs and the GEOSS Space Segment implementation plan to foster support for CEOS constellations and mission planning. Facilitate the development of CEOS Constellation requirements documents that utilize a GEO taxonomy and have the potential to impact the future plans of space agencies. Publish and distribute a periodic SEO newsletter to highlight constellation progress and discuss specific topics. Foster and improve communications among the CEOS leaders, the Constellation Teams, and the Working Groups.

9 Conclusions NASA has funded a Systems Engineering capability to assist the CEOS Cx teams GEOSS is critical for future geopolitical stability GEO provides political support for CEOS goals Compelling plans strengthen that support The CEOS Cx plans must be Understandable Comprehensive Useful Practicable A common requirements taxonomy and requirements structure will help with communication, integration and implementation of Cx plans

10 Contact Information Steve Sandford, SEO Director – NASA LaRC Phone: Brian Killough, SEO Deputy Director – NASA LaRC Phone:


12 A Systems Approach for CEOS General model for Earth observation system requirements development Decisions by: Citizens Businesses Governments Policymakers * Indirectly determined, e.g. clouds effect on heat flux ** Directly determined, e.g. precipitation Observations Analysis Decisions Current state** of the system Predicted future or Current state* of the system System Model Knowledge and Process models

13 Constellation Team Support Primary support has been to the Atmospheric Composition Constellation team and Ernie Hilsenrath (NASA lead). Planned and coordinated 2 workshops, developed work plan and coordinated 3 projects. Performed an initial gap analysis considering GEO Societal Benefit Areas (SBA) and IGACO science themes. Additional updates will be completed prior to the Nov 2007 CEOS Plenary. Managing a contract with Rutherford Appleton Lab (RAL, Dr. Jolyon Reburn) to conduct an assessment and gap analysis of the current and planned missions that address AC Constellation requirements. Developing a draft ACC requirements document for the CEOS Plenary. Emphasize a GEO Taxonomy (Measurements, Knowledge/Models, Information). Participated in past Land Imaging and Precipitation Cx workshops, but no significant support has been requested.

14 Cx Mission Gap Analysis Example: Atmospheric Composition SBA and Mission Gap Analysis Include Current, In-Development, and Planned missions Traceability to 5 GEO SBAs Traceability to 4 ACC Measurement Themes from IGACO. Easily identify gaps in SBAs, Measurement Themes. Evaluate current or future risks to SBAs due to number of missions or schedule.

15 CEOS File Server Secure file server developed to support CEOS management and Cx teams. Currently 52 users, 14 folders and over 100 files. Hosted at NASA LaRC: https://ceos.larc.nasa.gov The server requires a password, allows controlled access to folders and information, and allows both downloading and uploading of documents. Username and Password access is required. Contact Brian Killough (SEO) for details.

16 CEOS Visualization Summary CEOS will present visualization products (movies) at both the CEOS Plenary Meeting (Hawaii, Nov ) and the GEO Summit Meeting (Cape Town, South Africa, Nov 28-30). The CEOS Systems Engineering Office (SEO) is leading the development effort of these products. CEOS plans to develop a SHORT (3-5 min) and LONG (10-12 min) video product that highlights the progress and objectives of the 4 Constellation teams. A CEOS Visualization Committee (VC) has been formed to work this task.

17 SBA Observational Requirement Assessment Taxonomy Classifications M = Measurements (Data Product Level 1-3: radiance, ocean height, soil moisture) K = Knowledge (Data Product Level 3-4: maps, trend data, models) I = Information (Advanced Data Products: Forecasts, Assessments, Reports) Disasters Health Energy Climate Water Weather Ecosystems Agriculture Biodiversity Taxonomy Filter Space Filter M K I M K I Space Ground- only M K I Eliminate Redundant Observational Requirements Societal Benefit Areas (9) Phase-1 Total Measurement Set INPUT OUTPUT

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