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Experience and Achievement of Remote Sensing Applications in Agriculture Tang Huajun Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning CAAS, China.

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Presentation on theme: "Experience and Achievement of Remote Sensing Applications in Agriculture Tang Huajun Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning CAAS, China."— Presentation transcript:

1 Experience and Achievement of Remote Sensing Applications in Agriculture Tang Huajun Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning CAAS, China

2 Remote Sensing in Agriculture Crop Monitoring Agricultural Land Use Changes Disasters Monitoring and Management

3 Crop Monitoring

4 1.6 billion (2030) Enough food of 1.3 billion people is the top priority of Chinese agriculture development

5 Food Crop Cultivation

6 Distribution of main crops Winter Wheat Maize

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9 Crop Monitoring: Implementing Organizations

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12 Regionalization (Left) and Stratification (Right) for Winter Wheat Monitoring (stratification sampling in the crop acreage monitoring)

13 Remotely-sensed Imagery Sampled for Winter Wheat Monitoring

14 2003 RGB: RGB:432

15 2003 RGB: RGB:432

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17 The Quadrats for Winter Wheat

18 The Transects for Winter Wheat

19 40*40 SPOT 1*1

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21 Yield Prediction Model Structure The basic idea is the stepwise regression method to set up crop yield estimation models. Firstly, based on the statistical data of crop production, meteorological data, and remotely- sensed NDVI data, set up the yield prediction model clusters for sampled counties.

22 Agricultural Land Use Changes

23 Arable Land Distribution

24 Arable Land Increase or Decrease of the Different Regions ( , in 1000 hectare) ARABLE LAND DISTRIBUTION

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26 CII Impact of Land Use Change on Grain Production

27 Impact on Grain Production net decraes M mu (15 mu = 1 ha) average 9.02 M mu / year total decrease production MT

28 Disasters Monitoring and Management

29 NATURAL DISASTERS IN CHINA 4-8%GNP Direct damage caused by natural disasters in China from 1989 to 2002 (unit: 1 billion RMB yuan)

30 1/3 world agricultural land: arid and semi-arid regions year of 206 to 1949: 1086 times severe drought year of 1950 to 2003: 26 times severe drought 25 % of total arable land affected by severe drought/year 33 million kg grain loss/year drought loss: 57 % Drought: occurs more frequently, lasts longer & affects larger area

31 1954 Flood of Yangtze River Floods: caused direct economic loss 1998 Floods of Yangtze River On the average, about 9 million hectares of farmland are affected annually by floods in the past five decades. Direct economic loss: >12 b $ Direct economic loss: about 18 b $ 1991 Flood of Huaihe River Direct economic loss: 4 b $

32 DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION Accurate estimates and quick forecasts early Data acquisition (satellite, weather parameters, social economic statistics and field observations) and multi-data sources Cooperation and information sharing

33 Thank You


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