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Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) CEOS/WGISS-27 Workshop 11 Mai 2009 Toulouse Andreas Matheus, Secure Dimensions GmbH

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Presentation on theme: "Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) CEOS/WGISS-27 Workshop 11 Mai 2009 Toulouse Andreas Matheus, Secure Dimensions GmbH"— Presentation transcript:

1 Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) CEOS/WGISS-27 Workshop 11 Mai 2009 Toulouse Andreas Matheus, Secure Dimensions GmbH

2 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Agenda What do I mean by Security? Typical Requirements and Standards OGC Security and GeoRM Working Groups OGC Interoperability Initiatives Conclusion and upcoming activities

3 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Context For This Talk Target to be secured is a Distributed System –for exchanging / processing of geospatial information –implemented by (but not limited to) OGC Web Services One mandatory and one optional Threat Model –Internet Threat Model –Browser (Client) Threat Model In this context, Security refers to –communication between entities –trust between entities / parties –protection of assets Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

4 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security – What Do I Mean By That? For the system itself: secure systems will control, through use of specific security features, access to information such that only properly authorized individuals, or processes operating on their behalf, will have access to read, write, create, or delete information. [TCSEC]* For a distributed system: the distributed property is a characteristic of the system that shall not have any influence on the definition above. Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

5 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security Relies On Requirements Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria –Policy, Marking, Identification, Accountability, Assurance, Continuous Protection –Evaluation Classes: D (lowest), C, B, A (highest) C: Discretionary Access Rights Management, Identity based AC B: Mandatory Access Rights Management, Context based AC ISO Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium –1: Overview –2: Authentication FW –3: Access Control FW –4: Non-Repudiation FW –5: Confidentiality FW –6: Integrity FW –7: Security Audits and Alarms FW

6 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically OGC Sensor Web – A Trusted System? Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium CAT SOS SAS Sensors WNS SPS Register Search SOS SAS GetResults SensorML Task Notify notification Publish Alert Notify Bind

7 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically The Interoperability Issue Exchanging and processing of geospatial Information in a federation requires interoperability on different levels: –Data Level Interoperability ensures the ability to consume the information –Service Level Interoperability ensures the ability to exchange / obtain the information to be consumed –Security Level Interoperability ensures the ability to the above in a reliable and trustworthy fashion Implementation of all levels can be done by using standards from the OGC and other bodies Establishing secure communication –Network level –Application level Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

8 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security Standards Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium This is an OGC Standard!

9 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security And The OGC – Working Groups GeoRM (Geo Rights Management) DWG – 2004 –http://www.opengeospatial.org/projects/groups/geormwghttp://www.opengeospatial.org/projects/groups/geormwg –Geospatial Digital Rights Management Reference Model (Abstract Specification Topic 18) Security DWG – 2006 –http://www.opengeospatial.org/projects/groups/securitywghttp://www.opengeospatial.org/projects/groups/securitywg –Forum for discussing related topics to authentication, access control and secure communication Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

10 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security And The OGC – Standardization GeoRM Common SWG – 2007 –http://www.opengeospatial.org/projects/groups/georm1.0swghttp://www.opengeospatial.org/projects/groups/georm1.0swg –define the GeoRM Common Standard for the implementation of common aspects GeoDRM Reference Model [Charter] GeoXACML SWG (persistent) –Potential to be established 2009 (next TC meeting 06/09) –purpose … is to develop an OGC Web Services Profile of GeoXACML [Draft Charter] –another purpose … is to coordinate OGCs work on GeoXACML with the work of the OASIS XACML WG [Draft Charter] Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

11 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security And The OGC – OWS-3 Initiative Timeline 04 – 10/2005 Dedicated Thread for GeoDRM Click-through" licensed use of a –Web Map Service (WMS) –Web Feature Service (WFS) –Web Portrayal Service (cascade of a WMS and WFS) GeoDRM license model for different types of users –anonymous / registered user Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

12 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security And The OGC – OWS-3 Initiative Click-Through Licensing Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium Error: Please read/accept the disclaimer! Read & Accept Disclaimer Request Result: Image / 27GML

13 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security And The OGC – OWS-3 Initiative WS-Security based implementation of secure communication and exchange of security context information –Confidentiality –Integrity WS-Security supports different Security Tokens –Username Tokens (authentication by user/password) –X.509 Tokens (authentication by certificate) –SAML Tokens (exchange of user assertions) –REL Tokens (exchange of license assertions) –Kerberos Tokens (Microsoft authentication) Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

14 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security And The OGC – OWS-3 Initiative Interoperability Program Report (IPR) –OGC (Fraunhofer): Terms of Use (ToU) Service and Model Implementation –Click-Through License for WMS and WFS (University of the Bundeswehr München) Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

15 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security And The OGC – OWS-4 Initiative Timeline 06 – 12/2006 Dedicated Thread for GeoDRM Use of brokered / negotiated licenses for a –Web Feature Service (WFS) Two phase approach –I: Negotiation of a license (and the comprised rights) –II: Managing access to protected services based on the rights and conditions in the license Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

16 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security And The OGC – OWS-4 Initiative Scenario 1 –Unrestricted User-License Scenario 2 –Brokered-License Scenario 3 –Negotiation of a User-License Scenario 4 –Managing access to a WFS-T for feature updates Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

17 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security And The OGC – OWS-4 Initiative Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium Rights as XACML Policy Authenticity by XML Signature Structure of an OWS-4 License

18 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security And The OGC – OWS-4 Initiative Interoperability Program Reports –Engineering Viewpoint (con terra) –Trusted Geo Services (University of the Bundeswehr München) –Change Request OWS Common (Fraunhofer) Implementation (con terra) –Phase I: Negotiation of licenses Implementation (University of the Bundeswehr München) –Phase II: Licensed feature update using a WFS-T Online Demo –http://www.opengeospatial.org/pub/www/ows4/index.htmlhttp://www.opengeospatial.org/pub/www/ows4/index.html Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

19 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security And The OGC – OWS-6 Initiative Timeline 10/2008 – 04/2009 Security inside threads –Geo Processing Workflow (GPW) Managed access to OWS and trusted communication between different security domains XACML/GeoXACML based protection of a WMTS and WFS –Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) How to secure a sensor network based on OGC Sensor Web Services? Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

20 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security And The OGC – OWS-6 Initiative Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

21 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security And The OGC – OWS-6 Initiative Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium Access Control in the Airport Emergency Response Scenario (source: )

22 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security And The OGC – OWS-6 Initiative Secure Sensor Web Engineering Report –Evaluate vulnerabilities, attacks and affects on assets for the Sensor Web Services specifications Sensor Alert Service (SAS) Sensor Observation Service (SOS) Sensor Planning Service (SPS) –Assets are Sensors, Production Data, Observations, Alerts –Provide recommendations how to prevent or mitigate the attacks Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

23 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security And The OGC – OWS-6 Initiative Interoperability Program Reports –OWS-6Security ER (con terra) –OWS-6 GeoXACML ER (University of the Bundeswehr München) –OWS-6 Secure Sensor Web ER (AM Consult*) Implementation (con terra) –STS, PDP, PEP Implementation (AM Consult*) –GeoPDP Implementation (Geomatys) –WMS / WFS PEP Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium *: Secure Dimensions GmbH is the successor of AM Consult

24 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Security Standards – OGC experience Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

25 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Consensus On Security In The OGC Results from the OWS-3, OWS-4, OWS-6 Initiatives –Use SOAP based communication for service interface –Secure communication by leveraging WS-Security from OASIS Includes use of XML DSig and XML Encryption by W3C –Access Control based on XACML / GeoXACML Items that require standardization/recommendation –Authentication –Bootstrapping for secured OGC Web Services –GeoXACML Profile for OGC Web Services Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium

26 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Potentially Future Work Items GeoXACML SWG –How to ensure 100% interoperability using GeoXACML to protect Geo Web Services (includes OGC Services) –Communicate with OASIS XACML WG to ensure that geo-specific use cases are included GeoRM Common SWG –How to transport a security context for licensed protection of OGC Web Services OWS-7: Proposal for a Security Thread –Implementation of Secure Sensor Web ER results for SPS –Evaluation / comparison of Authentication Mechanisms Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium CEOS members – get involved in Security for OWS-7

27 Helping the World to Communicate Geographically Thank You For Your Attention Security and the Open Geospatial Consortium It is important, never to stop asking questions... [Albert Einstein] Secure Dimensions GmbH – Holistic Geosecurity Dr. Andreas Matheus Kederbacherstraße 44 D München, Germany Phone+49 (0) Mobile+49 (0) Telefax+49 (0) Web


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