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Mechanisms of cooperation in the OAS: Opportunities and challenges Specialized CIDI Meeting of High-level Authorities of Cooperation Bogota, Colombia,

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Presentation on theme: "Mechanisms of cooperation in the OAS: Opportunities and challenges Specialized CIDI Meeting of High-level Authorities of Cooperation Bogota, Colombia,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Mechanisms of cooperation in the OAS: Opportunities and challenges Specialized CIDI Meeting of High-level Authorities of Cooperation Bogota, Colombia, October 26-27, 2008 Ambassador Alfonso Quiñónez Executive Secretary for Integral Development

2 Cooperation in the OAS: Political fora The Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) Organ of the OAS with decision-making powers on matters of partnership for integral development. The purpose of CIDI is to promote partnerships among its member States for the furtherance of their integral development and, in particular, to help eliminate poverty. CIDI also constitutes an inter-American fora for political dialogue at ministerial level with the purpose of establishing priorities and promoting a dialogue on policy. Currently in the framework of CIDI high-level authorities meet in the areas of: education, Science and technology labor Social development Sustainable development Culture tourism A nd now, cooperation

3 Cooperation in the OAS: The Agency (AICD) Inter-American Agency for Cooperation and Development (AICD): Promotes, coordinates, manages, and facilitates the planning and execution of partnerships for development programs, projects and activities, within the scope of the OAS Charter and, in particular, the framework of the Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development of CIDI IACD Board of Directors IACD Board of Directors Represented by 9 member States under the principles of rotation and equitable geographic representation. Members preferably should have recognized experience and expertise in matters pertaining to cooperation and development programs and related activities Promotes greater efficiency in the administration of cooperation activities.Promotes greater efficiency in the administration of cooperation activities. Strengthens the OAS capacity to benefit from specialized knowledge on cooperation.Strengthens the OAS capacity to benefit from specialized knowledge on cooperation. Gathers technical support and other resources from member states and from public and private sector organizations..Gathers technical support and other resources from member states and from public and private sector organizations..

4 Political dialogue and technical cooperation Sectoral meetings at ministerial level and Inter-American Committee Meetings Education Labor Science and Technology Culture Tourism Sustainable Development Social Development Specialized meetings IACD Management Board Inter-American Agency for Cooperation and Development (Supports CIDI and its subsidiary organs, responsible for the execution and coordination of projects) CIDI Regular Meeting At least once a year at Ministerial level Cooperation Mechanisms: FEMCIDI, Other projects of cooperation of various modes Scholarship and training programs Collaboration via networks (RIAL, etc.) Foundations linked to the OAS (FUPAD, Trust, YABT) Political dialogueTechnical cooperation

5 Summit Process and CIDI Ministerials SUMMITS OF THE AMERICAS MINISTERIAL MEETINGS INTER-AMERICAN COMMITTEES Authorities of the Committees Establishes mandates and hemispheric priorities Opportunities for political dialogue and decision-making at the highest sectoral level Follow-up to Summits and Ministerial mandates Provides technical advice Translates the ministerial dialogue into concrete cooperation strategies with the support of SEDI and its Departments Promotes the political dialogues and functions as Secretariat Provides support to member states in implementing activities

6 Strategic Plan for Partnership for Integral Development Policy level: Policy level: Aims to strengthen the dialogue as well as the institutional arrangements and mechanisms that are critical to the ability of both governments and the General Secretariat to implement the Plan. Programmatic level: Programmatic level: Identifies a number of priority areas to ensure a focused and effective implementation of the Plan that are of special concern to member states and in which the OAS enjoys a comparative advantage. Main goal: Main goal: To support member states in their efforts to reduce poverty and inequality to provide equality of opportunities and to eradicate extreme poverty though capacity building of human resources and strengthening institutions. Actions at two levels :

7 Strategic Plan: Areas of action 1.Social development and creation of productive employment 2.Education 3.Diversification and integration, trade liberalization, and market access 4.Scientific development and exchange and transfer of technology 5.Strengthening of democratic institutions 6.Sustainable tourism development 7.Sustainable development and environment 8.Culture

8 Triple Triple the added value of the OAS Political priorities Political validation At three levels: Summits of the Americas, Ministerial meetings and Inter-American Committees Concrete actions Cooperation projects Exchange of experiences and best practices Institutional strengthening Training Effective public policies From political mandates and priorities to concrete actions and projects Ability to convene Work in coordination and support of other international organizations and with the participation of civil society

9 OAS Support structure: Executive Secretariat for Integral DevelopmentSEDI Mission: To provide support to member states in their efforts to reduce poverty and achieve greater economic and social development by Mission: To provide support to member states in their efforts to reduce poverty and achieve greater economic and social development by: Supporting dialogue at the highest level. Acting as an agent that catalyzes and translates political agreements into concrete actions. Promoting, coordinating, and facilitating the execution of programs projects and activities Presence in member States 27 OAS National Offices

10 Opportunities for cooperation Regular Fund Multilateral Fund (FEMCIDI) Specific Funds Scholarships and training programs Foundations Alliances with the private sector

11 Multilateral Fund (FEMCIDI) partnership for development cooperation non reimbursable. Principle of partnership for development cooperation non reimbursable. Contribute to participate Contribute to participate Since its inception in 1997, the Fund has financed more than 1,000 projects for approximately US $100million. Reduce poverty, inequality, and promote equal opportunities through – Human capacity building, and – Institutional strengthening. Annual contributions from member states. Annual contributions from member states. Eight priority areas (from the Strategic Plan) 1.Social development and creation of productive employment 2.Education 3.Diversification and integration, trade liberalization, and market access 4.Scientific development and exchange and transfer of technology 5.Strengthening of democratic institutions 6.Sustainable tourism development 7.Sustainable development and environment 8.Culture

12 FEMCIDI: Contributions Country Pledges 2009 Ant & Barbuda6, , , , Argentina204, , , , , , , , , , , Bahamas13, , , Barbados16, Belize7, Bolivia29, Brasil453, , , , , , , , , , , Canada1,316, ,344, ,286, ,247, ,333, ,491, Chile100, , , , Colombia104, , , , , , , , , , Costa Rica32, ,90029, , Dominica5, Dom. Rep.35, , , Ecuador10, , , , , , , El Salvador32, , , , , Grenada23, , Guatemala24, , , , , , , , Guyana5, Haiti -15, , Honduras20, , , , , , , , Jamaica39, , Mexico1,087, , , , , , , , Nicaragua18, Panama42, , , , , Paraguay41, , , , , , , , , , Peru85, , , , , St. K & Nevis5, St. Lucia7, , , , St.Vincent & G5, , , Suriname22, , , T&T31, United States4,367, ,500, ,090, ,100, ,900, ,000,.004,702, ,000, Uruguay80, , , , , , Venezuela44, , , , , , , , , , , TOTAL8,315, ,078, ,37, ,144, ,156, ,873, ,425, ,963, ,528, ,221, ,297,444.62

13 FEMCIDI: Projects 1997 to date Total: US $ 101,663,610 and 1067 projects YearUS $ # of projects ,395, ,103, ,968, ,573, ,147, ,549, ,226, ,598, ,581, ,465, ,318,45370 TOTAL 101,663,

14 FEMCIDI : Requests (US$) vs. contributions per sector The requests for projects are on average 500% more than the sum of contributions The most noticeable differences are in the accounts of: culture, where requests are 1332% of contributions; social development, 609%; environment, 577% ; and trade, 500%. Sector # projects presented Funds requested (US $) Contribution s granted (US $) Ratio requests / contribution s Science 28838,592,20912,157,334317% Culture 9810,312,176854,0761,207% Democ ,028,5863,029,684397% Eduation 40362,711,80414,722,262426% Social Develop ,359,2616,876,082529% Environ- ment 25335,737,9837,217,503495% Tourism 10113,823,0464,288,390322% Trade 10418,308,7454,158,567440% Integral Develop. 2194,2771,315,47315% TOTAL ,068,0754,619,371474%

15 Contributions or donations for a specific purpose made by a country or public or private entity to carry out partnerships for development projects or activities diversify the sources of non reimbursable financing (Grants) Actions to diversify the sources of non reimbursable financing (Grants) of the cooperation activities at the same time we try to increase the existing resources. Contributions from diverse sources Contributions from diverse sources (Member states, Permanent Observer States, international organizations, foundations and the private sector for specific activities) direct financing and non financial contributions, Attract both direct financing and non financial contributions, such as successful experiences that are systematized, experts, offers for training or internships. Specific Funds:

16 Some examples of cooperation within the OAS Social development: PUENTE Receiving countries Receiving countries: Puente methodology adapts to the receiving member State: Jamaica, St. Lucia y T&T. For 2009 Barbados, St. Vicente and the Granadinas, St. Kitts & Nevis and Surinam are added to the program Resources Resources: Chile (US$200,000), Canada (US$204,000), Jamaica, St. Lucia y T&T, University of West Indies Experience from Chile shared through OAS political fora (CIDES) Psychosocial support and subsidies Self supporting families with access to networks of social protection Follow-up 24 months Tool kit: how to share? Families in extreme poverty Integral program of social welfare. Family unity of intervention for 24 months. In seven dimensions: Health, Education, Civil Registry, Housing, Employment, Family dynamics, income generation

17 Agreement between Brazil and the United States to share experiences and technology to develop biofuels. Assist third countries expand the development and use of biofuels: Haiti, El Salvador, Dominican Republic and Saint Kitts & Nevis. Technical assistance through SEDI. Funds from the United States ( ) Total 2, Some activities: Development of policies for the use of Ethanol (El Salvador and the Dominican Republic) Feasibility study for the use of ethanol from sugar cane (St. Kitts & Nevis, Dominican Republic and El Salvador) Feasibility study for production of biodiesel (Haiti) Development of institutional capacities and establishing alliances with partner countries Alliances and work in coordination with other entities (IDB, Fundación Getulio Vargas of Brazil, etc.) Sustainable Development: Sustainable Development: BIOENERGY Some examples of cooperation within the OAS

18 Ministers of Educations hemispheric alliance to strengthen civic education through cooperation, research and training. Investment: More than a million dollars since its inception in 2005 Partners: Advisory Group, experts from the region. Alliances with international organizations, universities, civil society and private sector. Components 1.Research and analytical reports Inter-American Journal of Education for Democracy - On-line courses Researchers program 2.Exchange of information: Seminars and workshops for policy makers, researchers and those with an interest in the topic. Series of policy snap shots On-line bulletins / Inter-American Program in Values and Democratic Practices Some examples of cooperation within the OAS

19 Labor: Inter-American Network for Labor Administration (RIAL) Among the Ministries of Labor of the region to contribute with their institutional strengthening RIAL Organizes hemispheric workshops for exchanges (migration, employment services, health and occupational safety, labor aspects of FTAs) Trains representatives from the Ministries of Labor, labor unions and business sectors Works in coordination with int. organizations (ILO, IDB, etc) and with participation of centers of research and NGOs Sponsors technical studies (ie. Gender and labor) Promotes and supports bilateral cooperation activities between Ministries of Labor

20 Integrated Water Resources Management Supports member states in their efforts to improve the management and sustainable conservation of water resources, particularly cross border basins. Supports member states in their efforts to improve the management and sustainable conservation of water resources, particularly cross border basins. Financial support: Financial support: Green Environment Fund (GEF) OAS Department of Sustainable Development– Acts as a regional implementation agency Cooperation agreements with UNEP and the World Bank Actions aim at: Strengthening of institutional capacities Assisting member states in the development of legal and institutional frameworks Designing and implementing of measures to rehabilitate ecosystems Developing information networks and programs and environmental education initiatives with public participation. Some examples of cooperation within the OAS

21 Scholarship and Training Program: Scholarship and Training Program: Support the efforts of member states in their integral development objectives supporting the training of human resources More than 36 million dollars between Programs 1.Academic studies – Postgraduate – Special Program for the Caribbean states (undergraduate) – Technical studies More than 200 scholarships a year 2.Professional development Each year more than 700 people benefit from the professional development courses Each year more than 700 people benefit from the professional development courses 3.Portal of the Americas – Professional human development using information technologies and communications – Each year more than 3000 people benefit 4.Educational Loans – Leo Rowe Fund Some examples of cooperation within the OAS

22 Conclusion Concept of partnership for integral development Political validation to the highest level of the activities carried out Recognition, and significant visibility and convening capabilities. Possibility to carry out hemispheric, regional, sub regional and national projects And more…. Several opportunities and mechanisms to cooperate through the OAS

23 Conclusion Several opportunities and mechanisms to cooperate through the OAS(cont.) Possibility to work in a strategic alliance with other actors in cooperation (Member states, Permanent Observers, international organization, foundations, civil society, private sector) Diversity of option and flexibility of cooperation mechanisms (Voluntary and specific funds, direct cooperation, horizontal, triangular, South-South, scholarships and training, in king contributions, exchange of best practices and experiences) Work aimed at institutional strengthening and human resources capacity building.

24 Executive Secretariat for Integral Development Inter-American Agency for Integral Development Organization of American States


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