Presentation on theme: "SECRETARÍA DE SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA SSP Valdivia, Chile August 26-28, 2008 PENITENTIARY STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL REHABILITATION SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC SECURITY LIC."— Presentation transcript:
SECRETARÍA DE SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA SSP Valdivia, Chile August 26-28, 2008 PENITENTIARY STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL REHABILITATION SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC SECURITY LIC. JOSÉ PATRICIO PATIÑO ARIAS, UNDERSECRETARY FOR THE FEDERAL PENITENTIARY SYSTEM Second Meeting of Officials Responsible for Penitentiary and Prison Policies of the OAS Member States MEXICO
SSP SECRETARÍA DE SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA 2 Mexico is embarking on a deep reform of its Penitentiary System. Last June, Congress approved a constitutional reform that transforms the goals of the Penitentiary System and provide it with new tools to reach them. INTRODUCTION The judicial reform established the rehabilitation of offenders as the central goal of the Penitentiary System. Article 18: The penitentiary system shall be organized on the basis of labor, job-training, education, health and sports as means to achieve the reintegration of the sentenced individual to society and seek to avoid them committing further crimes (…) In Mexico, rehabilitation of offenders has been difficult to achieve. One of the main obstacles has been the overcrowding of prisons.
SSP SECRETARÍA DE SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA 3 Data: June 2008 PRISONS BY LEVEL OF GOVERNMENT AND TOTAL CAPACITY LEVEL OF GOVERNMENT TOTAL NUMBER OF PRISONS TOTAL CAPACITY % NATIONAL CAPACITY FEDERAL66,2263.7% STATE331138, % MEXICO CITY1019, % MUNICIPAL943,3432% TOTAL441167,281100% INTRODUCTION
SSP SECRETARÍA DE SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA 4 Only 11 of these are exclusively for female inmates. INTRODUCTION The Mexican Penitentiary System is made up of 441 prisons. National total capacity is 167,281 prison beds. The national total population is 218,030 inmates. There is a deficit of 50,749 beds and 32% overcrowding. State and municipal prisons concentrate 98.2% of the penitentiary population. The 6 federal centers house 1.8% of the total population. Data: June 2008
SSP SECRETARÍA DE SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA 5 Incorporate the use of alternative sentences to imprisonment. Curb the growth of inmate population by resorting to alternative sentences. STRATEGY The recently approved reforms will allow the Mexican Penitentiary System to: Align the system with United Nations Rule 58 : The purpose and justification of a sentence of imprisonment or a similar measure deprivative of liberty is ultimately to protect society against crime. This end can only be achieved if the period of imprisonment is used to ensure, so far as possible, that upon his return to society the offender is not only willing but able to lead a law-abiding and self-supporting life.
SSP SECRETARÍA DE SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA 6 Respond to overcrowding by building new penitentiary centers focused on rehabilitation. STRATEGY Articulate social rehabilitation programs for inmates.
SSP SECRETARÍA DE SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA 7 MISSION STATEMENT Protect society from crime by confining those who harm it in controlled environments that are safe, humane, efficient and self- sustainable. Provide peace to the people. Generate social rehabilitation conditions based on work, job-training, education, health and fitness. Help offenders regain their freedom as useful citizens, to both themselves and society, respectful of the law and public order.
SSP SECRETARÍA DE SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA 8 JOB-TRAINING EDUCATION HEALTH FITNESS WORK SOCIAL REHABILITATION MODEL COMPONENTS
SSP SECRETARÍA DE SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA 9 SOCIAL REHABILITATION MODEL INMATE Generate the internal changes needed for their social rehabilitation Support the inmate during the process and facilitate social acceptance for their reintegration PRIVATE INVESTMENT PENITENTIARY SYSTEM FAMILY COMMUNITY Give sense to work opportunities and job-training as means for reentering productive life Create conditions that articulate the five components of social rehabilitation ensuring all of the actors participation ACTORSCO-RESPONSIBILITIES
SSP SECRETARÍA DE SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA 10 SOCIAL REHABILITATION MODEL SOCIAL REHABILITATION SAGARPA COLPOS SHCP FINRURAL FEDERAL PENITENTIARY SYSTEM SS CONADIC CONADE Production models Sustainability criteria Labor skills certification Prison policies Standardization SUAP Leverage Social profitability criteria SEP INEA/ILCE Primary education Distance & remote education Telesalud Model Physical & Mental Rehabilitation STATES AND MUNICIPALITIES Fitness & sports Prison policies Standardization SUAP ORGANIZED CIVIL SOCIETY Backing of the social rehabilitation process: Inmate Family Prison SYSTEM OF ALLIANCES CE00377E