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Advances and challenges from the Course of Action of Playa del Carmen and the Consensus de Bogota XVI Regular CIDI Meeting Ambassador Alfonso Quiñónez.

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Presentation on theme: "Advances and challenges from the Course of Action of Playa del Carmen and the Consensus de Bogota XVI Regular CIDI Meeting Ambassador Alfonso Quiñónez."— Presentation transcript:

1 Advances and challenges from the Course of Action of Playa del Carmen and the Consensus de Bogota XVI Regular CIDI Meeting Ambassador Alfonso Quiñónez Secretary for External Affairs

2 The Member States, inspired by the principles of inter­American solidarity and cooperation, pledge themselves to a united effort to ensure international social justice in their relations and integral development for their peoples, as conditions essential to peace and security… The Member States, inspired by the principles of inter­American solidarity and cooperation, pledge themselves to a united effort to ensure international social justice in their relations and integral development for their peoples, as conditions essential to peace and security… OAS Charter Article 30, Chapter VII

3 The OAS and Development Policy level CIDI Inter- American Committees: Policy dialogue and cooperation. Areas of action: education, culture, social development, labor, sustainable development, science and technology, tourism Programmatic level : Develops, promotes, and implement programs, projects and cooperation activities aimed to: (1)strengthening of capacity building; (2) strengthening of institutions, and (3) design and implementation of effective public policy Principal Goal: Principal Goal: to support member states in their efforts to reduce poverty and inequity to provide equality of opportunities and to eradicate extreme poverty through capacity building of human resources and strengthening institutions. Action at two levels : Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development Cooperation

4 Agreements Playa del Carmen and Bogotá Meetings of cooperation authorities Link cooperation efforts : With implementation of political mandates Strengthening CooperaNet Mechanisms of dialogue among cooperation authorities Exchange of practices Increase the efectiveness of cooperation 1.To promote the OAS as a forum for dialogue on hemispheric cooperation, particularly on the effectiveness of cooperation Strengthening IACD

5 Find common goals with other organizations Fundraising Support member States (MS) in strengthening their coop. information systems Strengthen participation of MS in the selection, execution, monitoring and evaluation of projects 2.Enhance the effectiveness of cooperation offered though the OAS Promote innovative cooperation modalities. Strengthening FEMCIDI Review the Structural CIDI framework Agreements Playa del Carmen and Bogotá

6 Advances: Regional dialogue on cooperation effectiveness New space for the OAS (facilitator and promoter) (Subregional Workshops: Ecuador, Barbados & Guatemala) Common positions to place the region internationally Coordinate agenda with a view of the meeting in Bussan, Korea Introduce the regional perspective in the world debate Tools and mechanisms for the effective implementation of cooperation are shared (information systems on cooperation) Within CooperaNet subregional recommendations and exchanges on the effectiveness of cooperation (10 case studies, 13 stories) Platform to share South-South, triangular and other forms of cooperation Multiplying effect of knowledge via CooperaNet (Workshops were WebCasted, more than 8,500 users) NEW SPACE WITH A MULTIPLYING EFFECT

7 Advances: Strengthening FEMCIDI Links political priorities and cooperation A space for executing entities to have coordination, greater participation of member States Adopts Programmatic Approach Attacks external resources (Partners meeting) Multiply partners (Ministers & Committees, others) Includes new modalities of cooperation Creates in-house synergies (capacity building, others) Less projects greater impact greater visibility Greater effectiveness – appropriation, monitoring, evaluation MINISTERIALS, IA COMMITTEES AND FEMCIDI STRENGTHENED

8 Advances: Fundraising strategy Increase number of donors and contributions Analysis and research on potential donors Promote the existing relations, create new (traditional and non traditional) Image promotion. Comparative advantages of the OAS Inventory of OAS Cooperation Agreements so that they can put into practice. Effective mechanism of fundraising Improving the internal capacity Strengthening the responsible area with external resources, Continue improving the administration (efficiency, reporting, transparency) Improvement of technical capacity Work based on results implementation, monitoring and evaluation PASO INICIAL: UN PLAN

9 Main challenges: Too many mandates, priorities. Need to focus Limited human and financial resources at the OAS Regular CIDI meeting Strengthening of the IACD and partipation in the sectoral cooperation Mechanisms to identify good practices and to inform member States (match between offer and demand). Mechanisms to incorporate in all areas offers to triangular and South South cooperation

10 Opportunities: The OAS is the natural vehicle where member States can benefit from the lessons learned and knowledge of its neighbors in the region Triangular and South-South cooperation are apt models to transfer this knowledge Many experiences in the region that could be shared through new modalities of cooperation. Need to identify how these experiences could complement the ongoing efforts in member States. Greater chance for the projects to be sustainable

11 Opportunities: Dialogue of high-level cooperation authorities would allow to. Bring awareness of the particularities of the region in international fora and raise additional funds outside of the inter-American system Improve the effectiveness of cooperation via exchange of experiences and practices. CooperaNet is a tool to share experiences in cooperation effectiveness Summit of the Americas Cartagena 2012 Summit of the Americas Cartagena 2012 Partnership for Development Cooperation and link efforts to reach higher levels of growth and prosperity – Opportunity for CIDI and the High-Level cooperation Authorities

12 The resources will always be limited. The OAS serves as communicating conduit among the countries of the Hemisphere so that they benefit from the experiences and knowledge accumulated by all their neighbors in solving similar problems and challenges

13 Areas for action of the Strategic Plan 1.Social development and creation of productive employment 2.Education 3.Diversification and integration, trade liberalization, and market access 4.Scientific development and exchange and transfer of technology 5.Strengthening of democratic institutions 6.Sustainable tourism development 7.Sustainable development and environment 8.Culture Do these areas generate division? Would it be better to have an unifying theme? What place would we like to give the OAS in these areas for action? Do we have impact?

14 Executive Secretariat for Integral Development (SEDI) Mission: To provide support to member states in their efforts to reduce poverty and achieve greater economic and social development by To provide support to member states in their efforts to reduce poverty and achieve greater economic and social development by: Supporting dialogue at the highest level; Acting as an agent that catalyzes and translates political agreements into concrete actions; Promoting, coordinating, and facilitating the execution of programs, projects, and activities.

15 Main objectives of SEDI To contribute in the consolidation of the OAS as a main political forum; (3) To develop, promote, and implement programs, projects and cooperation activities aimed to: (1)strengthening of capacity building; (2) strengthening of institutions, and (3) design and implementation of effective public policy; To establish or strengthen strategic partnerships; To mobilize resources; To increase the visibility of the Organization as an important actor in the area of development.

16 Organizational Chart SEDI Human Development Scholarship and Training Section Section of educational loans Educational Portal of the Americas Department of Follow-up, Policies and Programs Secretariat of CIDI and of Ministerial Meetings Program and Project Evaluation Section Department of Education and Culture Section of Education Section of Culture Department of Science and Technology Section of Science Section of Technology Department of Trade, Tourism and Competitiveness Section of Trade Section of Competitiveness Section of Tourism Foreign Trade Information System (CISE) Department of Sustainable Development Department of Social Development and Employment Section of Social Development Section of Employment Office of the Executive Secretary

17 Resources for Cooperation Resources: - Regular Fund - FEMCIDI - Specific Funds - Scholarship and Training Programs - Foundations associated with the OAS Trust for the Americas, Young Americas Business Trust (YABT), Pan-American Development Foundation (PADF) - OAS offices in the member states (Antigua & Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Ecuador, El Salvador, United States*, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, México, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad & Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela) Financing sources and partnerships: - Member States - Permanent Observers - International and multilateral organizations - Private sector (corporations, foundations, private academic/technical institutions) - Non-profit organizations (civil society organizations, networks public academic/technical institutions)

18 Regular Fund Resources allocated to SEDI and its Departments (2008 Budget): Resources allocated to SEDI and its Departments (2008 Budget ): Funds allocated in the OAS Budget to SEDI in Chapter 7 (less the cost of meetings) and to the Department of Human Development, Sub- program 31E (only the Scholarships Division and the Education Portal) Total allocated for 2007: US $10.596.900,00

19 Regular Fund: SEDI Percentage of the 2008 OAS Approved Budget Fund Approved 2008 Budget SEDI Without Scholarships %` SEDI with Scholarships % Regular$87,5000,00$9,128,90010,4%$17,704,70020,2 Specific$63,840,700$19,149,50030,0%$19,149,50030,0 FEMCIDI (Voluntary)$5,983,100 100,0%$5,983,100100,0 TOTAL$157,323,800$34,261,50021,8$42,837,30027,2

20 FEMCIDI: Contributions Country199920002001200220032004200520062007 Antigua & Bar6,050.00 6,655.00 6,987.25 6,988.00 6,988 Argentina 204,000.00 84,999.25 85,000.00 45,674.19 49,010.45 37,000.00 40,103.45 40,000.0050,031.17 Bahamas13,100.00 15,000.00 20,000.00 Barbados16,400.00 Belize7,800.00 Bolivia29,100.00 - Brasil 453,091.00 542,256.71 426,221.29 266,467.87 268,343.09 289,683.84267,734.67 5,000.00433,311.06 Canada1,316,029.001,344,601.321,286,816.371,247,875.461,333,846.871,491,179.54--- Chile 100,000.00 110,000.00 Colombia 104,600.00 117,200.00 111,125.00 104,600.00 - 9,975.00106,825.00 105,039.00104,061.00 Costa Rica 32,900.00 32,900 Dominica 5,100.00 Dom. Republic 35,000.00 33,504.33 35,000.00 - Ecuador 10,000.00 16,608.45 16,678.45 40,666.4616,679.00 El Salvador 32,100.00 29,100.00 32,100.00 20,000.00 Grenada 23,830.00 6,000.00 - Guatemala 24,000.00 24,475.45 25,011.78 25,053.40 25,239.40 25,000.00 Guyana 5,100.00 Haiti - 15,000.00 - - 5,000.00 Honduras 20,742.00 21,000.00 16,434.35 11,396.01 23,911.65 7,238.838,359.98 Jamaica 39,800.00 México1,087,370.00 750,000.00 749,915.00 499,925.00350,000.00 500,000.00 Nicaragua 18,000.00 Panamá 42,700.00 58,900.00 39,600.00 42,950.00 39,600.00 Paraguay 41,500.00 - 23,856.86 15,745.76 18,979.00 13,403.36 6,811.06 9,874.0712,000.00 Perú 85,200.00 40,000.00 70,000.00 85,200.00 55,000.00 St. Kitts & Nevis 5,100.00 St. Lucia 7,600.00 7,575.00 7,581.207,600.00 St. Vincent &the G 5,100.00 Suriname 22,300.00 8,500.00 10,000.00 T&T 31,200.00 United States4,367,000.004,500,000.005,090,000.005,100,000.00 4,900,000.00 5,000.004,702,500.00 Uruguay 80,000.00 50,000.00 25,000.00 6,894.30 9,500.00 Venezuela 44,000.00 28,552.00 42,937.82 2,000.00 47,903.66 62,771.20 46,896.80 155,960.00156,000.00

21 FEMCIDI: Projects financed 1997- to date Total: US $ 87.144.300 and 861 projects YearUS $ # projects 1996-9722,395,560169 199811,103,30077 19997,968,40367 20007,573,20483 20017,147,84989 20026,549,09492 20039,226,34699 20047,598,96792 2005-067,581,57793 TOTAL87,144,300861

22 FEMCIDI 2000-2007: Distribution of resources by region 40.5% English-speaking Caribbean countries, Haiti, Belize, Guyana y Suriname 23.5% Central American countries and the Dominican Republic 26% Spanish speaking South America and Brazil 10% North America (US and México)

23 FEMCIDI 2000 - 2007: Requested funds (US$) vs. contributions by sector The Secretariat has observed that the overall amount of requests to the fund represents on average almost 500% of the total contributions. The most salient discrepancies occurred in the accounts of Culture where requests represented 1332% of the contributions during that time frame, Social Development 609%, environment 577% and trade 500%. Sector # Projects presented Funds requested (US $) Contributions granted (US $) Ratio of Requests / Contributions Science 28838,592,20911,085,737348% Culture 9810,312,176774,1371,332% Democ. 10912,028,5862,635,076456% Education 40362,711,80412,889,369487% Social Develop. 28536,359,2615,972,407609% Environ. 25335,737,9836,188,766577% Tourism 10113,823,0463,623,582381% Trade 10418,308,7453,658,395500% Integral Develop. 2194,2771,255,03215% TOTAL1643228,068,0748,082,501474%

24 Specific Funds: Some specific examples of SEDI activities Best Practices Forum of the Americas (2004-07)US $ 137.623 Municipal Efficiency and Transparency (MuNet) US $ 2.005.211 Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) (2004-07)US $ 1.820.000 Computers for Schools – Communities (CFS/CFC) (04-07)US $ 605.987 e-Government Service Centers (2007-09) US $ 221.494 Strengthening e-SMEs Policies and Institutions (2008-10) US $ 593.000 RED GEALC –Network of e-government Leaders from LAC US $ 1.276.000 Government Procurement Network (2004-08)US $ 220.000 Promoting Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in SMEs in the Caribbean (07-09)US $ 651.000 Institutional Capacity Building (2004-09) US $ 240.000 Approx Investment.US$ 6.888.000 Universal Civil Identity Program in the Americas US $ 6.420.000 (Honduras, Haití, partial amount Paraguay project - Fondo España) Office of the Executive Secretary:

25 Specific Funds: Some specific examples of SEDI activities Employment: 1 and a half year, the Inter-American Network for Labor Administration (RIAL) In 1 and a half year, the Inter-American Network for Labor Administration (RIAL) has organized and achieved: 5 5 Hemispheric workshops (Migration, employment services, health and occupational safety, labor dimension of FTAs) 8 8 bilateral cooperation activities among ministers of labor 247 247 representatives of ministries of labor, union and business sector trained 10 10 international organizations participating (ILO, IDB, among others) 11 11 centers of research and participating NGOs 1 1 technical study on gender and employment Social Development: Network/based Capacity Building on Social Protection Strategies: Since 1991 holds annual Conferences of the Social Network of Latin America and the Caribbean 4 Hemispheric Workshops (on social protection systems) Effective promotion of cooperation between the Caribbean and Latin America 1 technical study on the effectiveness of social policy in providing of social services Close collaboration with international organizations (ECLAC, IDB, World Bank, among others) Strong support of the academic sector (UWI, Universidad de Chile, among others) APPROX. INVESTMENT: US $725.000 APPROX. INVESTMENT : US $445.000

26 Topic Estimated resources mobilized (2005-07) [1]/ Education for Democracy $896,100 $225,10CP Res. 831 $671,000Counterpart Early Childhood Education $535,669 $149,440CP Res. 831 $386,229Counterpart Education Indicators $442,919 $185,600CP Res. 831 $257,319Counterpart Teacher Formation $180,000 $60,000CP Res. 831 $120,000Counterpart Support Secretariat $126,564 CP Res. 831 Education:Culture: 3 ministerial priority areasconcrete activities during 2007 3 ministerial priority areas translated in concrete activities during 2007 : Culture and Development Culture and Development Culture as an engine of economic growth Seminar Culture as an engine of economic growth – public policy to promote the cultural sector and economic development. Partnerships with the WB, UNCTAD, IDB Culture, identity and diversity Culture, identity and diversity Art and Culture as strategies to prevent social violence Seminar Art and Culture as strategies to prevent social violence. Cultural diversity: practice and perspectives International seminar Cultural diversity: practice and perspectives – exchange of public policy practices to promote diversity Preservation and protection of cultural heritage Preservation and protection of cultural heritage. Workshops and sub regional case studies of policy and programs on protection of cultural heritage. APPROX. INVESTMENT: US $2.180.000 APPROX. INVESTMENT: US $150.000 Subfund CIE/OAS Res. 831 $746,704 USD34% Counterpart Resources $1,434,548 USD66% Total Resources$2,181,252 USD100% Specific Funds: Some specific examples of SEDI activities

27 Sustainable Development: APPROX. INVESTMENT: US $59.900.000 APPROX. INVESTMENT: US $5.500.000 Biodiversity and Sustainable Forest ManagementUS $6.9 MILL. Biodiversity and Sustainable Forest ManagementUS $6.9 MILL. Sustainable Energy and Climate Change MitigationUS $2.6 MILL. Sustainable Energy and Climate Change MitigationUS $2.6 MILL. Environmental Law, Policies and Economics US $2.46 MILL. Environmental Law, Policies and Economics US $2.46 MILL. Integrated Water Resource Integrated Water Resource ManagementUS $44.2 MILL. Management of Natural Hazard Management of Natural Hazard RiskUS $3.79 MILL. Trade: Capacity building in member States, in the last 5 years : Capacity building in member States, in the last 5 years : 150 courses, seminars, workshops and programs 8,000 people training from government, private sector and civil society Partnerships with IDB, WB, CARICOM, SIECA, Andean Community, CAF, etc. Approx. Investment:US$ 4,983,000 Foreign Trade Information System (SICE): Foreign Trade Information System (SICE): Regular Fund: Specific Funds: US$620.000 20032004200520062007 447.2426.9368.4366.6363.6

28 Specific Funds: Some specific examples of SEDI activities Tourism: Science and Technology Engineering in the Americas (EftA) Engineering in the Americas (EftA), created in 2005 to improve the quality of engineering education and to establish recognized accreditation systems in the Hemisphere. 1 1 International Symposium in Engineering 4 4 EFtA planning meetings Partnership with the American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) Inter-American System of Metrology (SIM) Created in 1978 and joint to the OAS since 1995 with the participation of all member States. The OAS is the SIM Secretariat and since 2000 has: Promoted Promoted the creation of national laboratories of metrology in all member States Trained 1017 Trained 1017 professionals in metrology Organized104 Organized 104 inter comparisons (in 2002 only 3 laboratories participated, today has increased to 15) APPROX. INVESTMENT: US $2.900.000 APPROX. INVESTMENT: US $ 1.050.000 APPROX. INVESTMENT : US $2.900.000 APPROX. INVESTMENT : US $ 1.050.000 Small Tourism Enterprise Program Assistance Program to Small Hotels in Central AmericaUS $ 1.000.000 Caribbean experiencesUS $ 332.000 Haiti Public Attitudes Awareness Project Local CuisineUS $ 125.000 Tourism Training and Capacity BuildingUS $ 190.000

29 Scholarships and Training: Investment The budget execution for 2006 and 2007 reflect the temporary pause of the OAS Scholarships and Training Program Funds executed by the OAS Scholarships and Training Program 2002-2007 Total executed 2002-2007: US $ 36.177.765

30 Scholarships and Training: Academic studies

31 Scholarships and Training: Professional development Portal of the Americas

32 The OAS investment in the are of development The OAS investment in the are of development has been more than US $ 250 million in the last 5 years

33 Resources are limited and we cannot be nor do everything for everyone It is important to define our niche and to focus our efforts on obtaining greater impact and recognition

34 …democracy is not just a matter of ideas, institutions, or values. Much more importantly, it is also about delivering results that benefit the people. For good governance, it is not enough to feel and act like a democrat or achieve high levels of growth: the real challenge is to preserve the stability of democracy and achieve economic growth by providing citizens at the same time with all those benefits and solutions to their problems promised them by a fully-fledged democracy and a prosperous economy …democracy is not just a matter of ideas, institutions, or values. Much more importantly, it is also about delivering results that benefit the people. For good governance, it is not enough to feel and act like a democrat or achieve high levels of growth: the real challenge is to preserve the stability of democracy and achieve economic growth by providing citizens at the same time with all those benefits and solutions to their problems promised them by a fully-fledged democracy and a prosperous economy What role do we want the OAS to play in the development of the Hemisphere? José Miguel Insulza, Secretary General of the OAS, during the Regional Seminar Macroeconomic Policies and poverty, Lima, Peru, September 19-20 de 2007


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