Presentation on theme: "First Meeting of Forensic Specialists Organization of American States Washington D.C. 24-25 September 2009 INTERPOL & International DNA Data Exchange Presentation."— Presentation transcript:
INTERPOL General Secretariat Lyon France INTERPOLs Primary Objective To facilitate cross-border police co- operation, and to support and assist all organizations, authorities and services whose mission is to prevent or combat To facilitate cross-border police co- operation, and to support and assist all organizations, authorities and services whose mission is to prevent or combat international crime.
INTERPOL – an international organization Created in 1923, INTERPOL is the worlds largest international police organization, with 187 member countries General Secretariat in Lyon, France, six Regional Bureaus, one Liaison Office, and Special Representatives of INTERPOL to the United Nations in New York and to the European Union in Brussels Four official languages: Arabic, English, French and Spanish A National Central Bureau (NCB) in each member country
Milestones in INTERPOLs history 1914 –First International Criminal Police Congress held in Monaco (23 countries in attendance) 1923 –Creation of International Criminal Police Commission, based in Vienna, Austria 1946 –Organization rebuilt after WWII and based in Paris; notice system created and first Red Notices issued 1956 –Renamed International Criminal Police Organization - INTERPOL 1971 –Recognised as intergovernmental organization by the UN 1989 –General Secretariat moves from Paris to Lyon 2004 –INTERPOL representative office opened at the UN in New York 2008 –INTERPOL representative office opened at the European Union in Brussels
Governance and management Executive Committee General Assembly General Secretariat National Central Bureaus Commission for the control of INTEROLs files Advisers President Boon Hui KHOO Secretary General Ronald K. NOBLE
Police Training and Development Operational Police Support Services Operational Data Services and Databases Secure Global Police Communications Services I-24/7 INTERPOLs 4 Core Functions
Albania Algeria American Samoa - USA (SB) Andorra Argentina Argentina (RS) Argentina (SRB Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Bermudas (SB) Bolivia Bosnia-Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire (SRB) Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador El Salvador (SRB) Estonia Fiji Finland Fyrom France Georgia Germany Greece Guatemala Guyana Honduras Hong Kong - China (SB) Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Israel Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Korea (Rep. of) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao - China (SB) Malaysia Malta Marshall Islands Mexico Moldova Monaco Morocco Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico - USA (SB) Qatar Romania Russia Saudi Arabia Serbia Montenegro Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Suriname Sweden Switzerland Syria Thailand Tonga Tunisia Turkey Ukraine United Arab Emirates U. K. United States Uruguay Venezuela Vietnam Ireland Uzbekistan Tajikistan Brunei Lesotho Swaziland Mozambique Tanzania Uganda Namibia Angola Gabon Mauritania Senegal Guinea Togo Ethiopia Yemen Zimbabwe Eritrea Iraq Kenya Bhutan Chad Niger Sudan Zaire Core Function 1 I-24/7
Airports Police stations Ports Specialised Law enforcementagencies NCBs Borders General Secretariat INTERPOL NCBs Communicating Authorized laboratories
Nominal data SLTD - Stolen & Lost travel documents DNA Notices and Notices and diffusions diffusions Fingerprints SMV - Stolen motor vehicles ICAID - Child abuse images Core Function 2 Databases & Web Based Tools Core Function 2 Databases & Web Based Tools WOA - Stolen works of art Counterfeit Payment Cards CounterfeitCurrency
INTERPOLS DNA UNIT DNA USERS CONFERENCE INTERNATIONAL DNA DATABASE & GATEWAY INTERPOLS DNA MONITORING EXPERT GROUP (DNA MEG) DNA HANDBOOK/DVD/SURVEY INTERPOL & DNA
INTERNATIONAL DNA DATA BASE & MATCHING DNA CONFERENCE DNA MEG REGIONAL REGIONAL SUPPORT DNA UNIT - STRATEGIC PLANING - Providing expert guidance on technical issues and contemporary field applications of DNA in a law enforcement environment Provides support to MS implementing and developing a DNA capacity through workshops, training and other initiatives. Provides a global operational perspective on develop- ments in the law, application and use of DNA.
INTERPOL member states represented at the Interpol DNA MEG Two working group meetings per year INTERPOL DNA Monitoring Expert Group
Biennale DNA Event for investigative officers Subjects: 1 st day DNA Databasing 2 nd day DNA led criminal investigations 3 rd day Other DNA applications in criminal Investigations (DVI, Counter Terrorism) 6th Interpol DNA Users Conference for Investigative Officers 29 September to 01 October 2010 International DNA Users Conference
English, French, Spanish, Arabic, German, Polish, Chinese (Mandarin), Farsi International DNA Co-productions and Publications German, English, Chinese (Mandarin) New (second) Edition in 2009 New (second) DVD in 2009
Conclusion As of the end of 2008 based on the information obtained from 172 INTERPOL member countries: 120 countries using DNA profiling in criminal investigations 54 countries with a national DNA database At least 16,448,936 DNA profiles Majority of countries reported to use FBI-CODIS software for their national DNA databases A majority of the 54 countries with a current national DNA database have implemented database- specific DNA database legislation (28 countries) The United States of America has the largest national DNA database with at least 6,702,743 profiles Crime Scene is the most predominantly used profiling category, however, Reference profiles equal 92% of the global total profiles 27 member countries outsource their DNA sample analysis Identifiler, used the most in two of the five global regions (Asia & South Pacific and North Africa & Middle East) is the most predominantly used marker system The benefits of DNA profiling at a national level are recognized by all countries using, or planning to use DNA profiling as a forensic technique. New Edition in 2009
Countries which do not perform DNA profiling are shown in white and countries whose profiling status is not known are shown in yellow. MAP - 2 INTERPOL member countries performing DNA profiling (120)
INTERPOL member countries operating a national DNA database (54) Countries which do not have a national DNA database are shown in white and countries whose database status is not known are shown in yellow.
INTERPOL DNA Gateway and Database Interpol Charter International DNA Gateway Carta de Interpol Pasarela internacional de ADN Charte Interpol Passerelle internationale En matière dADN ميثاق الانتربول البوابة الدولية لبيانات الدنا
SAFEGUARDS SAFEGUARDS INTERPOLs rules on the processing of information for the purposes of international police cooperation DNA Charter – legal frameworkDNA Charter – legal framework Signature of the Written Undertaken is mandatory for online accessSignature of the Written Undertaken is mandatory for online access Autonomous server – no connection to any other IPSG databaseAutonomous server – no connection to any other IPSG database Data transfer viaI-24/7 – INTERPOLs secure global police communications systemData transfer viaI-24/7 – INTERPOLs secure global police communications system Access to I-24/7 DNA application under the control of the NCBs, the local I-24/7 NSO and IPSG LyonAccess to I-24/7 DNA application under the control of the NCBs, the local I-24/7 NSO and IPSG Lyon No nominal data in the DNA databaseNo nominal data in the DNA database 24/7 data control by the contributing member countries online24/7 data control by the contributing member countries online Matching tool respects the access rights chosenMatching tool respects the access rights chosen The INTERPOL DNA database is providing a single solution for all major marker systems, microvariants and nomenclature worldwideThe INTERPOL DNA database is providing a single solution for all major marker systems, microvariants and nomenclature worldwide Commission for the Control of Interpols Files (CCF)Commission for the Control of Interpols Files (CCF) Interpol DNA Gateway and Database
INTERPOLS DNA Database - Statistics Countries (NCBs) populating the database: 54 Number of international hits: 228 Profiles searched : 91,542 Profiles stored : 90389
Compatibility and cooperation with other transnational DNA profile search and matching initiatives May 2005 – European Union - Prüm Convention On the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism, cross-border crime and illegal migration. Chapter 2, Article 2 – Establishment of national DNA analysis files. 7 (+ 10) signatory European Union Member States.
Prüm Council Decision the basic elements of the Treaty of 27 May 2005were transposed into the legal framework of the European Union. (2) By means of Decision 2008/615/JHA, the basic elements of the Treaty of 27 May 2005 ….. were transposed into the legal framework of the European Union. to adopt the measures necessary to implement Decision 2008/615/JHA at the level of the Union … (3) Article 33 of Decision 2008/615/JHA provides that the Council is to adopt the measures necessary to implement Decision 2008/615/JHA at the level of the Union … aimto lay down the necessary administrative and technical provisionsin particular as regards the automated exchange of DNA data The aim of this Decision is to lay down the necessary administrative and technical provisions for the implementation of Decision 2008/615/JHA, in particular as regards the automated exchange of DNA data, … The Prüm Convention DNA matching software is fully compatible with the INTERPOL DNA Gateway / Database.
November FBI – CODIS Agreement between INTERPOL Lyon and the FBI regarding the amendment of the FBIs Combined DNA Index System software. The CODIS version called INTERPOL Export Tool will facilitate the extraction of DNA profiles by member countries ready for data input into the Interpol DNA Gateway. Majority of national DNA databases operated by FBI-CODIS Compatibility and cooperation with other transnational DNA profile search and matching initiatives
June 2007 G8 I-24/7 DNA Search Request Network As agreed in November 2006, INTERPOL provided the G8 States with an individual DNA Search Request Network. INTERPOLs I-24/7 telecommunication system is used as backbone for sharing information on DNA profiles between accredited users (DNA laboratories). Canada France Germany Italy Japan Russia United States United Kingdom Compatibility and cooperation with other transnational DNA profile search and matching initiatives
Assistant Director Forensic Support & Specialized Technical Databases, IPSG Lyon Werner Schuller Thank you for your attention