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Rehabilitation and social reintegration in an unrestricted environment: Best practices Olga Espinoza Second Meeting of Officials Responsible for Penitentiary.

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Presentation on theme: "Rehabilitation and social reintegration in an unrestricted environment: Best practices Olga Espinoza Second Meeting of Officials Responsible for Penitentiary."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rehabilitation and social reintegration in an unrestricted environment: Best practices Olga Espinoza Second Meeting of Officials Responsible for Penitentiary and Prison Policies in OAS Member States

2 Contents Overview Legal definition of the term post-penitentiary A behavioral look at the issue Post-penitentiary reintegration in practice Positive experiences of post-penitentiary reintegration

3 Overview Growth of the prison population in the region Criminal-law system reform processes Negligible impact in terms of reduction of the prison population

4 América Latina Tasa de encarcelamiento 2001 Tasa de encarcelamiento 2007 Población encarcelada 2007 Tasa de hacinamiento Panamá % Chile % Brasil % El Salvador % México % Argentina % Perú % Colombia % Ecuador % Guatemala % Source: International Centre for Prison Studies (Kings College London)

5 Overview Consequences of overcrowding: For the orderly management of the system For the rights of inmates and prison staff For proportional reintegration programs and services For infrastructure In terms of costs for the State

6 Legal definition Argentina: Prison Sentence Enforcement Law Colombia: Penitentiary Code Mexico: Federal District Penal Enforcement Law Peru: Penal Enforcement Code Paraguay: Penitentiary and Penal Enforcement Code

7 A behavioral look at post-penitentiary reintegration It is a process in which there is a break in the institutionalized existence characterized by a loss of independence in the determination of different aspects of life, from the most basic to the most complex De-institutionalize in order to re-institutionalize

8 A behavioral look at post-penitentiary reintegration Key areas for reintegration: Job placement Family support Financial management and personal planning Community networks and restoration of rights Psychosocial intervention Drug abuse

9 Reintegration in practice Distinguishing progressive obtainment of freedom from serving a sentence in full Analysis of this sphere from a gender-awareness perspective Challenges upon release from prison

10 Positive experiences EMPLOYMENT EXCHANGE (Uruguay) COMMUNITY COUNCILS (Brazil) HOY ES MI TIEMPO (TODAY ITS MY TURN) (Chile)

11 In conclusion… Aspects to include in post-penitentiary policy: Take into consideration the multitude of needs of persons released from prison, in order to avoid recidivism Comprehensive tackling of different variables Motivation to change

12 Everyone in prison today will one day regain their freedom So: What kind of persons do we want to return?

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