Presentation on theme: "Report on the Implementation of the Santa Cruz +10 Declaration and the Inter-American Program on Sustainable Development (PIDS) (2006-2009) Cletus I Springer,"— Presentation transcript:
Report on the Implementation of the Santa Cruz +10 Declaration and the Inter-American Program on Sustainable Development (PIDS) ( ) Cletus I Springer, Director Department of Sustainable Development First Preparatory Meeting for the Second Inter-American Meeting of Ministers and High Level Authorities on Sustainable Development, Washington DC, June 28-29,2010
Structure of Presentation Share results and lessons from the implementation of the PIDS Share perspectives on emerging challenges and opportunities Receive feedback on how challenges may be overcome and opportunities seized
Structure of Presentation PIDS Themes Sustainable Agriculture and Sustainable Management of Forests and other Resources Water Resources, Land and Health Natural Hazards Risk Management Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity Coastal Zone Management and Adaptation to Climate Change Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening for Sustainable Development Environmental Management
Operationalization of PIDS Themes Biodiversity and Sustainable Land Management – Sustainable Agriculture and Sustainable Management of Forests and other Resources – Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity Water Resources Management – Water Resources, Land and Health Risk Management and Adaptation to Climate Change – Coastal Zone Management and Adaptation to Climate Change Energy and Climate Change Mitigation – Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion Environmental Law, Policy and Governance – Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening for Sustainable Development Environmental Management
Sustainable Agriculture and the Sustainable Management of Forest and other Natural Resources
PIDS Emphasizes the importance of… …Integral approach to sustainable agriculture and the sustainable management of forests and other natural resources as well as the need to identify successful opportunities, exchange of best practices and promote cooperation at the project and policy level
PIDS – OAS -DSD to serve as forum, promote exchange of information and provide cooperation for: Advance dialogue in integrated approaches to alternative land uses and planning. Facilitate the Adoption of Strategies and integrated policies in coordination with other institutions to address needs of sustainable production and improve quality of life of poorest rural communities. Special emphasis to areas and countries affected by desertification within framework of UNCCD Share information and best practices through an Inter-American network on sustainable agriculture, sustainable management of forest, and other natural resources. Develop action plans and/or carrying our projects for sustainable use of natural resources, including protection of watersheds and biodiversity.
Sustainable Agriculture, Forest and other Resources: Accomplishments Networks and Advancing Dialogue on alternative land uses and planning. Supported the UNCCD Global Mechanism Dialogue on: Building an Enabling Environment for Increasing Investment in Sustainable Land Management through Market Access and Trade (2007) Executed GEF Project on Preventing Land Degradation through Sustainable Land Management in the Caribbean Full Size Project ($12M) prepared; funding being sought Conducted analyses on opportunities and constraints for SLM through trade Supported dialogue in MERCOSUR countries on Sustainability of Soy Production Analysis and Dialogue on Best Practices in Sustainable Management of Soil (IUCN-CEL) Organized Dialogue on Payment for Ecological Systems (PES )(DC, Brasilia) Networks: IWRN, FIDA, IABIN
Sustainable Agriculture, Forest and other Resources: Accomplishments Strategies and integrated policies, coordination with other institutions to address needs of sustainable production and improve quality of life of poorest rural communities. Integrated Policy Recommendations for Sustainable Soy Production in MERCOSUR countries Payment for Ecosystem Services in Paraguay project with 200 beneficiary families - received World Bank Development Marketplace Crystal Award- Pilot projects related to sustainable production in context of IWRN (ie. Guarani, Sao Francisco) and other projects such as Brazil-Suriname Cooperation with UNCCD-Global Mechanism, UNEP-GEF, Ecosystems Marketplace, Katoomba Group etc. Forest Chapter of UNDP Economics of Biodiversity Report (2010) Support to Marrakesh Process-Sustainable Production and Consumption-
Water Resources, Land and Health
PIDS Emphasizes the importance of… Improving water resources management practices to ensure quality water for human consumption and sustainable use without damaging environment Coordination and cooperation with Inter-American and UN system to support Member States in IWRM actions Addressing Land degradation promoting integrated and cross- sectoral approaches in the context of sustainable development. Developing, caring and promoting strategies to prevent or minimize negative impacts to environment and human health.
PIDS-OAS-DSD Water, Land and Health Actions: to serve as forum, promote exchange of information and provide cooperation for : supporting mechanisms for inter-governmental dialogue and cooperation in the development of policies, strategies for integrated water resource management. facilitating and strengthening the dialogue to address the problems that create linkages between environmental degradation and health. supporting the water and health agenda initiatives and work with health specialized agencies developing and promoting, within the IWRM, activities for the provision of good quality water and sanitation for the population. promoting and including, in all programs and projects designed, the cross-sectoral approach of integrated water resources management (IWRM) which incorporate the ecological, economic, and social dimensions. promoting the dissemination and exchange of information, experiences and best practices in water resources management and land tenure among the countries of the Hemisphere and supporting-promoting meetings such as the World Water Forum, the Inter-American IWRM Dialogue, among others.
PIDS-OAS-DSD Water, Land and Health Actions: to serve as forum, promote exchange of information and provide cooperation for : promoting sustainable development by providing technical and financial cooperation to Member States for the formulation and execution of strategic action programs for integrated water management. establishing of IWRM mechanisms taking into account public participation in decision making. supporting member states in their efforts to strengthen institutional capacity and policy, regulatory and legal programs in IWRM. supporting the member states in their efforts to include rehabilitation of ecosystems into integrated water resource management and land management practices. considering in their projects and programs studies on threats to health caused by environmental degradation and threats to water quality that involve problems associated with hazardous wastes and persistent organic pollutants. supporting projects and programs on sustainable fisheries management, policies that enable recognition of wetlands, strengthening actions that ensue their ecological wealth.
PolicyLevel CIDS, PIDS World Water Forum Upper Paraguay River Basin San Juan River Basin Water Resources in Brazil Guarani Aquifer Guarani Aquifer Parnaíba River Basin - Brazil Bermejo River Basin Plata Basin IWRM Focal Points Information Exchange Level Project Level Ministerials Transboundary Aquifers Focal Points Delta Water and Health Summit of the Americas Process Other networks Regional Dialogues Amazon Basin Rio Negro San Francisco San Francisco Artibonito PRODEAM - Brazil PRODEAM - Brazil Wider Caribbean Water Resources Adaptation to Climate Change Coastal Caribbean Aquifers Esmeralda River Basin CEHICA
PIDS-OAS-DSD Water, Land and Health : Accomplishments supporting mechanisms for inter-governmental dialogue and cooperation Convened several international and Inter American Dialogues, workshops, seminars, and conferences on Integrated Water Resources Management addressing emerging issues like transboundary aquifers and climate change. These activities have the participation of high level governmental authorities, scientists, NGOs and civil society in close partnership and collaboration with important water resources organizations of the world and national institutions of Members States. Coordinated the network of national water resources Focal Points. dialogues supporting agendas in environmental degradation and health, and good quality water and sanitation for the population. Identification, by National Focal points on water resources, of the main activities to be supported on water availability and access to drinking water (AG.RES Resolution 2347). Participation in regional initiatives that promote convergence of potable water and health agendas.
PIDS-OAS-DSD Water, Land and Health : Accomplishments cross-sectoral approach, promoting exchange of information, experiences and best practices on integrated water resources management (IWRM) Specific Projects like DELTAmerica were implemented to establish the basis for a systematic and efficient information exchange. Regional-digital nodes developed under the Inter American Water Resources Network (IWRN). DSD is updating this mechanism in order to keep an efficient flow of information among the National Water Focal Points. Projects and other main activities generate publication presenting results and important findings. There is constant dissemination of this information through the DSD web and other outreach mechanisms. An important exchange of information mechanism is periodic National Focal Points meetings which include review and validation of the information prepared by the projects. Exchange of information also promoted by participation of National Focal Points, project and DSD personnel in international conferences, seminars and workshops.
PIDS-OAS-DSD Water, Land and Health : Accomplishments Providing technical and financial cooperation Project portfolio of IWRM section since 2006 totalling more than $100 millions in project activities. The new project generation of IWRM projects will bring the processes of conceptualization and execution directly to the area of work, establishing a closer link with all water actors, including governments, NGOs, academics, private sector and youth. Particular attention to these new projects is given to the development of a new culture on water use for the continent based on youth activities and their interactions with communities and decision making. IWRM and decentralization of actions toward local governments is being also considered by the DSD as a new need in Member States cooperation.
PIDS-OAS-DSD Water, Land and Health : Accomplishments supporting member states in their efforts to strengthen institutional capacity and policy, regulatory and legal programs in IWRM GEF project for the Environmental Protection and Sustainable Integrated Management of the Guaraní Aquifer (SAG) promoted a legal, institutional, and technical framework for the protection and sustainable development of the SAG. Institutional strengthening and legal/policy frameworks for IWRM in the context of GEF-funded initiatives, including the establishment of Basin Committees, preparation of water resources basin plans, environmental zoning, and management plans for critical areas, has been supported by the DSD. A US$3 million technical cooperation program implemented with the Government of Brazil to support and strengthen institutional capacity for environmental management in urban areas (SRHU). Institutional strengthening of government agencies responsible for water resource management and environment in Argentina and Bolivia, accomplished through the Bermejo Project. Support the countries of the region in implementing a legal and institutional framework for integrated transboundary aquifers (the legal and institutional component of the program UNESCO/OAS ISARM Americas).
Natural Hazard Risk Management
PIDS Emphasizes the importance of… …Reduction of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards through Integrated Approach. Policy Formulation Support, Vulnerability Assessment. Focus on people, infrastructure and natural resource base for economic development.
PIDS – OAS -DSD to serve as forum, promote exchange of information and provide cooperation for: Support OAS Member States priorities in adapting to and managing the risk associated to NH, considering the characteristics and special needs of SIDS; Provide technical and policy recommendations related to NHRM to mainstream Risk Management into development policy and planning; Reduce vulnerability; Create conditions for timely and effective humanitarian assistance; Foster accountability and effective use of recovery and reconstruction assistance, by creating jobs and specialized labor and technical capacity; Promote community-based prevention, preparedness, mitigation and response in cases of disaster (i.e. Early Warning Systems - EWS); Foster public-private partnerships for risk transfer; Support coordination of international and national activities (i.e. implementation of OAS-IASP; UNISRD Global and Regional Platforms); and Support the review of legal and institutional frameworks for creating enabling conditions for humanitarian assistance, lifting barriers to the deployment of humanitarian assistance teams, and food, medicine and goods distribution.
Natural Hazards Risk Management : Accomplishments The DSD carries out its mandates and directives in NHRM, through: 1)Project execution for developing good practices and addressing pressing issues in critical areas. i.e. Schools retrofitting Program; CQA in the Caribbean; and EWS in CA; 2) Networking for information and knowledge sharing, to share and replicate good practices, and transfer knowledge and experience, optimizing human and financial resources (establishment of the INDM); and 3) Mechanisms and tools at the policy formulation intervention level, namely, the OAS General Assembly, the Permanent Council, and the various committees of the OAS and the Inter-American System, particularly, the IACNDR and the Hemispheric Security Committee (HSC). i.e. Workshop on Disaster Assistance and Disaster Management in the Americas convened by the OAS ASG; and support to AG/Res (XXXIX-O/09) PC-CEPCIDI JWG. The Inter-American Network for Disaster Mitigation (INDM) provides: -A platform to advance the UNISDR HFA Regional Platform of the Americas and the IACNDR/IASP; -Support of the exchange and sharing of practical experiences; and -Expert judgment and criteria to translate them into good practices. INDM formally recognized as the permanent hemispheric mechanism for strengthening practical cooperation …and sharing technical information and best practices, through AG/Res 2314 (XXXVII-O/07). Natural Hazards Risk Management: Accomplishments
The INDM capitalizes on the capacity, expertise and strengths of its members and provides a wide range of services and goods, such as: A Web-based Dynamic Institutional Mapping Tool (DIMT): - Information on organizations and contacts; - Cooperation agreements and administrative and legal instruments for joint projects and programs; - Projects, including events –seminars ad conferences, workshops, meetings, and conventions; and - Experts and policy and decision-makers. Geographic-specific Thematic Sub Regional Forums (Central American Isthmus, Caribbean Small Island States, and the Andean Community) to address specific issues, based on geographic profiles, needs and thematic priorities. Inter-Agency Coordination –among Inter-American and UN Systems organizations, is fostered by the Network. In its three first years of existence, sponsored three major hemispheric events: Two Hemispheric Encounters (2007 and 2010) The First Session of the Regional Platform (2009) Natural Hazards Risk Management: Accomplishments
Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity
PIDS Emphasizes the importance of… …Critical role of Biodiversity in Sustainable Development, addressing hunger and poverty. Efforts to avoid biodiversity loss through public policy and international commitments. Recognition of value of traditional knowledge. Appropriating funding.
PIDS – OAS -DSD to serve as forum, promote exchange of information and provide cooperation for: Integrating conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity into the land- use planning and land management process Promoting Dialogue and sharing information on conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity through networks such as IABIN Development of the Western Hemisphere Migratory Species Initiative (WHMSI), Promote sustainable forest management and address illegal practices, Promotion of forest law enforcement and governance at the national, sub- national, regional and sub-regional levels,
PIDS – OAS -DSD to serve as forum, promote exchange of information and provide cooperation for: Effective implementation and enforcement, at the national and sub- national levels, of laws, policies and regulations that address illegal trade in endangered species, through the implementation of CITES Supporting the governments in the management of an IABIN Improving regional cooperation for biodiversity management Creating and strengthening the capacity to address critical issues at a regional level such as invasive species, migratory species, amphibian declines, wildlife trafficking, and the spread of wildlife and zoonotic diseases, among others. Building capacity for the development of data layers and assessment of environmental information
PIDS – OAS -DSD to serve as forum, promote exchange of information and provide cooperation for: Carrying out regional, sub-regional, and bilateral projects for the management and sustainable use of biological diversity Supporting countries in identifying new protected areas in the region, and formulating plans for the management of protected areas Promoting integrated soil management and measures to combat desertification through sustainable development projects Development of environmental legislation to conserve biodiversity and water resources and to combat desertification.
Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity: Accomplishments Improving regional cooperation for biodiversity management, carrying out regional, sub-regional, and bilateral projects for the management and sustainable use of biological diversity. Development of WHMSI High Andean Wetlands Regional Strategy for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of High Andean Wetlands (HAW). Marine Ecosystem Services Valuation Program (ReefFix) Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN), Western Hemisphere Migratory Species Initiative (WHMSI), Market-based approaches to the conservation of biological diversity, through the support of Payment for Ecological Services (PES).
Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity: Accomplishments Promoting Dialogue and sharing information on conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity through networks such as IABIN. Management of IABIN. Data Layers and information 1.Specimens 2.Species 3.Ecosystems 4.Invasive Species 5.Pollinators 6.Protected Areas
capacity to address critical issues at a regional level 127 (average $10,000) data content creation grants awarded to 18 countries to digitize key biodiversity data to be uploaded on a geospatial platform to allow for value added decision making products such as environmental assessment, alternative development scenario evaluation, climate change predictions, and carbon sequestration potential.
Western Hemispheric Migratory Species Initiative (WHMSI) Project Milestones for WHMSI is a capacity building initiative to: conserve and manage migratory wildlife; improve hemispheric communication on conservation issues of common interest; provide training in priority areas; strengthen the exchange of information needed for informed decision-making; and provides a forum to address emerging issues such as new threats to migratory species, or the connections between wildlife disease and human diseases.
Coastal Zone Management and Adaptation to Climate Change
PIDS Emphasizes the importance of… …. Respond and counter adverse effects of climate change in socio economic fields, particularly sea level rise in coastal marine areas through efforts such as adaptation planning, vulnerability assessment and capacity building.
PIDS – OAS -DSD to serve as forum, promote exchange of information and provide cooperation for: Policies and options for cost-effective response and adaptation to impacts Data bases and information systems, Knowledge Increase on the impacts on socioeconomic sectors Establish and operate sea level/climate and coral reef monitoring Develop appropriate methodologies for coastal vulnerability and risk assessment and mapping.
Coastal Zone Management and Adaptation: Accomplishments Assessing and Mitigating the Impacts of Climate Change on Coastal Infrastructure in Jamaica (Coastal Vulnerability Assessment Project) Assisted with the convening of meetings of the Permanent Council and the on Climate Change Supported the convening of the Global Conference on indigenous Peoples and Climate Change in Anchorage Alaska as a member of the Planning Committee Provided technical support to the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre through Cooperative Agreement signed in April 2008 Supported the design of a Regional Strategy on Climate Change and Sustainable Development Supported the design of a regional negotiating strategy for COP 15 Participated in meetings of the CARICOM Task Force on Climate Change established by CARICOM Heads of Government in 2008 Supported the fund-raising efforts of the Centre through project design and promotion
Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion: Energy and Climate Change Mitigation
PIDS Emphasizes the importance of… …Promoting the development of sustainable energy policies and projects, in cooperation with the private sector, in order to expand renewable energy, energy efficiency, and energy security in the region
PIDS – OAS -DSD to serve as forum for: Organizing and implementing the REIA Initiative which builds collaborative partnerships to accelerate the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies throughout the Americas. Participation in renewable energy and energy efficiency partnerships launched at the World Summit for Sustainable Development (WSSD). Promoting policy and regulatory measures to advance the use of renewable energy and energy-efficiency technologies in the Americas. Developing and accessing innovative financing mechanisms suited to the technical characteristics of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies and appropriate to the social and economic needs of the demographically diverse end-users. Identifying and promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency project opportunities in the Americas. Sharing information on renewable energy and energy efficient technologies and delivering technical assistance and training on matters related to sustainable energy development.
Energy: Accomplishments Networks/Summit/Ministerial Meetings REIA evolved into the Sustainable Energy Partnership of the Americas (SEPA) to reflect the broad challenges facing the energy sector in the hemisphere DSD played supported the 37th GA in Panama, particularly with regard to the drafting of the declaration Energy for Sustainable Development in the Americas OAS/DSD/SEPA provided technical assistance and support for the organization of the Energy Security component of the Fifth Summit of the Americas held in Trinidad and Tobago in 2009 The Department of Sustainable Development supported the organization and currently serves as the host for the of the Energy and Climate Partnership for the Americas (ECPA) Clearinghouse (www.ecpamericas.org)www.ecpamericas.org Organization of the Energy and Climate Ministerial of the Americas on April 15 and 16, 2010
Support Innovative Policy and Financing Initiatives Contributed to the preparation of sustainable energy laws/policies/regulations/plans in: Guatemala, Mexico, Dominican Republic, St. Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, Dominica, Grenada, El Salvador, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Brazil… Supported the design and/or use of innovative financing tools throughout the Americas Liaison with Private Sector Forum through the GA process Energy Accomplishments
Identify/Promote/Share Information Regarding Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Opportunities Feasibility and project promotion for geothermal energy in the Eastern Caribbean Identification of energy efficiency (ESCO) opportunities in Brazil, Mexico, Central America Facilitate Solar Powered Schools Program in Central America Supported the assessment of sustainable biofuels initiatives (US-Brazil Partnership) in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti, St. Kitts and Nevis and Dominican Republic Implemented numerous sustainable energy training/workshop sessions (ie. Geothermal Energy in the Andean Region, Energy Efficiency Workshop – Mexico, Energy Policy Reform Workshop – Argentina, Solar Hot Water Finance for the Caribbean – Grenada) Organization and management of OAS/SEPA website and ECPA website (www.oas.org/dsd; Preparation of over a dozen publications regarding development and use of sustainable energy technologies Energy Accomplishments
Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening for Sustainable Development
PIDS Emphasizes the importance of… ….Role of Democracy and Public Participation in Sustainable Development. Identifying best practices and developing technical skills. Development of integral policies that take into account, economic, social and environmental aspects of Sustainable Development. Development and Strengthening of Environmental Law. Community based approach. Safeguard of livelihoods.
PIDS – OAS -DSD to serve as forum, promote exchange of information and provide cooperation for: Facilitating Dialogue on Traditional Knowledge. Developing and Strengthening Environmental Law and Policy and facilitate Exchange of Information and Experiences Reinforcing incentives for Compliance Collaboration amongst experts on environmental law Exchange information on Environmental Cooperation Activities in the region Collaboration with public, private and civil society organizations in environmental law and policy. Support member States comply with commitments in environmental agreements Develop Capacity to support good environmental management Build Capacity to undertake EIAs Integration of three dimensions of sustainable development in decision- making and development plans.
Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening: Accomplishments Traditional Knowledge Module on Trade and Environment Course Support to IPR value-added product identification in Caribbean Developing and Strengthening Environmental Law and Policy and facilitate Exchange of Information and Experiences One-on-one technical assistance to member States Development of databases on general environmental legislation and water laws Exchange of experiences on public participation mechanisms Supporting efforts of Member States to address trade and related challenges Design with CITES Secretariat of Program to address implementation of the Convention and the National level Analysis of Water Legal and Institutional Frameworks Challenges and Opportunities
Compliance with commitments in environmental agreements and Exchange information on Environmental Cooperation Activities in the region Support to DR-CAFTA countries regarding progress in achieving long term environmental goals pursuant to environmental Cooperation Agreement (ECA) Mapping of cooperation activities in Central America within and outside ECA Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening: Accomplishments
Incentives for Compliance Development of database on PES-related legislation and transactions including market base instruments Working group (RF and private firms) support countries implement incentives Challenges and Opportunities for SLM through trade Collaboration with public, private and civil society organizations and among experts in environmental law and policy. Establishment of Environmental Law Advisory Group FIDA network, dialogue on Priorities and emerging trends in key topics of Environmental Law Support member States comply with commitments in environmental agreements and good environmental management ISP Build Capacity to undertake EIAs Support to countries through Environmental Impact Assessments of Trade Program Integrated Policy Making Support Trade and Environment in the Americas Initiative Policy recommendations and input emerging from projects at various levels
Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening: Accomplishments Budget and Fundraising : Revenue by Donor
Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening: Accomplishments Budget and Fundraising : Yearly Revenue by Year
Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening: Accomplishments Operations and Budget :
Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening: Accomplishments Operations and Budget :
Challenges Absence of an effective national and regional policy framework Lack of absorptive capacity due to brain drain and staff turnover Inefficient use of resources Balancing ISDA requirements with national imperatives Fragmented institutional arrangements - lack of effective coordination mechanisms Country ownership Lack of sustainability Way OAS-DSD is perceived nationally – as a foreign entity not as an extension of national space
Financial Challenges Dramatic decline in funding to region due to change in geographic focus of donors Donor fatigue More intense competition for available resources Presence of more and stronger regional intergovernmental agencies Operational policies of donors such as GEF Lack of transparency and predictability in operational procedures of some donors
Opportunities Non-traditional donors Fostering closer fit between diplomatic relationships and national/regional interests Emphasizing enhanced technology transfer Emphasizing enhanced technical cooperation Promoting stronger role for national level agencies in program design, implementation and evaluation Encouraging country ownership of PIDS and other strategic instruments Establishment of Adaptation Fund GEF Implementing Agency Status