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New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy GENERAL SECRETARIAT OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES 12/01/2006.

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Presentation on theme: "New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy GENERAL SECRETARIAT OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES 12/01/2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy GENERAL SECRETARIAT OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES 12/01/2006

2 - New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p. 2 - Mandate: 2007 Budget Resolution III. GENERAL PROVISIONS 7. Recovery of Indirect costs To instruct the Secretary General to analyze the cost recovery policy for technical supervision and administrative support of all funds administered by the General Secretariat, taking into account the Inspectors Generals audit on overhead charges, and present a report to the PC prior to September 30, 2006, for consideration, that proposes amendments to the General Standards as required, so as to reflect a new cost recovery policy that is coherent, consistent and reasonable.

3 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p. 3 - The Function of the OAS Secretariat The OAS Secretariat translates the mandates of the governing bodies into services, initiatives, programs and projects. These activities are funded by either Regular or Specific funds. Well executed programs and the trust of our Member States and the international community are essential elements to sustain and increase support for the mission of the OAS, as well as to meet the Organizations financing needs.

4 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p. 4 - Why does the OAS need Specific Funds? Regular funds have decreased in real terms. Mandates from Member States have increased. Specific Funds have been identified by the Budget Resolution as necessary to complement the Regular Fund budget. The cost of overseeing Specific Funds generate costs that are not contemplated fully in the Regular Fund Budget, and which must somehow be covered.

5 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p. 5 - Why does the OAS need a new Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy? The OAS is financed with multiple funding sources, requiring efficiency, effective record-keeping and a transparent environment that will earn the confidence of our donors and staff. A sound indirect cost-recovery policy ensures transparency and reduces cross-subsidization among projects and Funds. A principal criteria in establishing an indirect cost recovery policy is the proportional sharing of all indirect costs among all projects and funds.

6 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p. 6 - DIRECT COSTS: Costs that can be attributed to a particular activity with a high degree of accuracy. INDIRECT COSTS: Costs that are incurred for a common purpose which cannot be easily attributed to a particular activity. What is an Indirect Cost?

7 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p. 7 - Examples of indirect costs include: Staffing of administrative functions of the Secretariat Procurement of goods and services Setup and management of accounts Recording and processing of transactions Financial reporting Internal and external audit coordination Legal and financial review of agreements Planning, monitoring, review and evaluation Resource mobilization Facilities and utilities General use office equipment and supplies What is an Indirect Cost? (cont.)

8 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p. 8 - Most donors recognize the need to provide indirect cost recovery to recipients. In fact, when acting as a donor, OAS recognizes that need and provides, in some cases, up to 30% for indirect costs. What is an Indirect Cost? (cont.)

9 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p. 9 - Immediate Context The Secretariat has a mandate from the General Assembly. The 2007 Budget Resolution requires an additional indirect cost contribution to the Regular Fund Budget, from $0.7 million in 2006 to $2.5 million in To increase its limited capacity to administer Specific Funds, the Secretariat is: revising its current ICR policy; requesting CAAP to approve relevant modifications to General Standards supporting the revised ICR policy; and, simultaneously, improving its administrative procedures. This presentation addresses the implementation of a revised ICR policy.

10 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p Background Evolution of Funds (in millions of US$) 678 employees 605 employees

11 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p Background (cont.)

12 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p Current ICR policy

13 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p Current ICR policy General Standards require Specific fund contributions to include a provision for ICR, with the exception of emergency, humanitarian and contributions under US$100,000. General Standards grant authority to the Secretariat to negotiate the ICR rate. Interest income accrued on Specific Fund contributions is credited towards defraying indirect costs, unless otherwise specified in the agreement.

14 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p Current ICR policy (cont.) ICR rate for central administrative support is 2%, while any ICR above the 2% is retained by the areas for technical support and supervision. Some donors do not include a provision to cover indirect costs, while others provide up to 30%. Some donors have required that ICR be directed exclusively to technical areas managing the projects and do not take into consideration the impact of these projects on the other areas of the Secretariat.

15 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p Calculation of Direct and Indirect Costs

16 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p Secretariats financial transactions in 2005: $181 million Excluded costs: Trust Funds (Medical, Rowe) Tax Equalization Fund Building renovations (related to Res. 831) Grants to affiliated institutions (PADF, IADB, Court IACHR) Parking Fund Others Excluded Eligible Excluded: Activities of a unique nature which do not form part of the pool of activities analyzed to determine Secretariats indirect costs. Eligible: Normal functions of the Secretariat which generate indirect costs.

17 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p Eligible costs for 2005: analysis of direct and indirect costs: In 2005, The Secretariat required an additional $0.53 in support costs for every $0.97 managed. Therefore, the indirect cost rate was 54.6% ($0.53 / $0.97).

18 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p Fundamentals of indirect costs It is not uncommon to have a large indirect cost rate (universities managing grants usually have rates of over 50%). Full recovery of indirect costs cannot be expected, but a reasonable recovery should be attained. A number of costs at the Secretariat are currently charged as indirect, when they should be included in the budgets as direct. As costs are better classified, the ICR rate should decrease accordingly.

19 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p Considerations in establishing an OAS ICR policy

20 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p Donors caps on ICR Donors have varied caps on ICR: U.S. Federal grants limit recovery for indirect costs to 26%, though in few cases USAID has allowed 33%. Some U.S. funding sources allow ICR through interest income on U.S. fund deposits. CIDAs (Canada) policy provides a fixed overhead rate of 12%, though in most cases the Secretariat has recovered 2%. AECI (Spain) has allowed ICR through interest income (which is variable), though its policy allows for 7% ICR. SIDA (Sweden) has placed an ICR cap on the Secretariat of 3.5%.

21 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p What similar organizations do … ICR rates in similar organizations range from 4.5 to 21%: UN System13% PAHO6 – 21% PADF16% EU7 – 20% UNDP5 – 7% IICA4.5% and over However, these organizations have done a better job of classifying direct and indirect costs more precisely.

22 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p There are at least three different types of OAS/donor activities: A. Partnership: mutual cooperation agreements requiring significant Secretariats technical involvement. Secretariat is responsible for outcome. (e.g. MAPP, Demining, CIM-women/children Trafficking). B. Executing Agency: mutual cooperation agreements requiring minimal Secretariats technical involvement. Secretariat is responsible for outcome. (e.g. Guarani Acquifer System, Panama – SENACYT). C. Flow-through: funds channeled through the Secretariat for which the Secretariats responsibility is limited to its administration and financial management. Secretariat is not responsible for the outcome. (e.g. Mexico conference).

23 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p ICR base for 2006 An estimated $27.1 million in contributions will be subject to ICR in 2006, even though $58 million in Specific Fund contributions are expected. $30.9 million are estimated to be excluded from the ICR policy: unprogrammed contributions (includes FEMCIDI) $ 10.5 M non-contributing donors 8.8 programs approved before current ICR policy 4.7 contributions under $100, conferences and meetings co-financed by RF 1.3 contributions for feasibility studies 1.1

24 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p What will happen in 2007 if the current ICR policy remains in place? Estimate based on projected eligible Specific Fund contributions of $27.1 million (similar to 2006).

25 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p New ICR Rate Policy

26 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p New ICR rate policy Considering that: the Regular Fund has a limited capacity to administer the large portfolio of Specific Funds resources; the Secretariat has the responsibility to meet immediate needs of $5.5 million for 2007; interest income may be used to partially defray indirect costs; ICR should be applied to all eligible Specific Fund activities; and, donors have caps on ICR.

27 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p The Secretariat … will enforce the policy that all budgets for eligible Specific Fund projects include an ICR. will exclude the following contributions from ICR: disaster relief, conferences and meetings co-financed by Regular Fund and contributions for feasibility studies. may apply interest income generated by Specific Funds and some types of in-kind contributions to partially defray ICR. New ICR rate policy (cont.)

28 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p Existing ICR agreements will not be amended, although renegotiation of long-term and framework agreements will be considered, as appropriate. The Secretary General may approve exceptions to ICR upon recommendation of the Project Evaluation Committee, in coordination with the Resource Mobilization Committee. Any exception results in an implicit increased subsidy from the Regular Fund. The Secretary General shall determine the distribution of indirect cost recoveries among eligible areas based on transparent criteria. New ICR rate policy (cont.)

29 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p ICR RATES FOR DIFFERENT TYPES OF AGREEMENTS New ICR rate policy (cont.) Within OAS mandates OAS technical participation OAS responsible for outcome New ICR rate PartnershipYESHIGHYES12% Executing Agency YESLOWYES15% Flow-throughNONONENO20%

30 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p Estimated eligible Specific Fund contributions $58.4 million Less: likely exclusions from ICR policy $10.4 million Projected ICR base$48.0 million unprogrammed contributions (FEMCIDI) $4.5 M conferences and meetings co-financed by RF $1.3 M existing agreements $3.5 M contributions for feasibility studies $1.1 M Expected 2007 financial outcome with new policy

31 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p Expected 2007 financial outcome (cont.) Interest income and certain in-kind contributions may be applied to partially defray ICR. New ICR rate 2007 projected contributions Projected ICR collection Partnerships12% $47.5 $5.7 Executing Agency 15% Flow-through20% 0.0 TOTAL$48.0$5.8

32 12/01/ New OAS Indirect Cost Recovery (ICR) Policy p Next steps To modify General Standards and issue a corresponding Executive Order by January 15, To have a focal point for negotiations between donors and the Secretariat on ICR issues. To develop by January 15, 2007 an internal policy to equitably and transparently distribute indirect cost recoveries throughout the Secretariat (excluding the $2.5 million which must be transferred to the Regular Fund, per the 2007 Budget Resolution). To retain the new policy through the end of 2007, when its results will be assessed.


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