Presentation on theme: "How and why Bismarck unify Germany?"— Presentation transcript:
1How and why Bismarck unify Germany? ClassworkDate:________How and why Bismarck unify Germany?Aims: to find out…What was Bismarck’s aim in 1862 when he became minister-president of Prussia?Was it Bismarck’s skill and daring that unified Germany in 1871?Did Nationalism help unify Germany?Did Bismarck have a master plan, or was he an opportunist?
2How and why Bismarck unify Germany? ClassworkDate:________How and why Bismarck unify Germany?Odd word out:Erfut Frankfurt Vienna BerlinMetternich Napoleon Jerome Fred-WilliamZollverein Prussia Austria railways50% 3 million 5000 km 72%Fichte Ardnt Jahn TaylorPrussia Hanover Austria BavariaGrossdeutsch Bund Prussia kleindeutschConsitution humilation administration unificationErfut Olmutz Hesse-Cassel Bund
3Who was Bismarck? Junker Womaniser Diet delegate Prussian monarchist AmbassadorMinister-President of Prussia
4How did Bismarck deal with the Prussian landtag- 1862-3? The Problem:Improving the armyPaying for thisPersuading Liberals to allow thisStop nationalists getting democracySolutions:Abdication of king (!)?Unification of Germany?War with Austria?Wait and see?
5How did Bismarck remove Austria from German dominance? Got Russian support against AustriaAvoided Congress of Princes (Bund meeting)War with Denmark over Schleswig-HolsteinWar with Austria 1866North German confederation
6Why did Prussia win against Austria in 1866? Got French supportGot Italian supportMade Prussia look innocent (over elections)Picked a fight (over Schleswig Holstein)Military preparationsTacticsGot peace quickly
7How did Bismarck unify the southern states? Gave them an enemy- FrancePicked a fight- Hohenzollern candidatureFranco-Prussian war 1870
8SectionsAim: to provide info: key people, dates, plans by Bismarck vs. Opportunism?Getting Russian support- p. 50 old greenWeakening Austria & Bund p p. 65 newDenmark war pAustro-Prussian war prep 53 old 67 newAustro-Prussian war winNorth Germans unifiedPicked fight with France-Hohenzollern 62 72Prepared Southern states for warFranco-Prussian warKey words: Gastein, Von Moltke, Ems telegram, N German Conferation, Biarritz, Napoleon, Sedan, needle gun, Konigratz,
9Poster to show the steps to Unification Aim: to summarise the notes you have been takingGetting Russian support-Weakening Austria & BundDenmark warAustro-Prussian war prepAustro-Prussian war winNorth Germans unifiedPicked fight with France-HohenzollernPrepared Southern states for warFranco-Prussian war
10Find the odd words out Landtag Junker army Bismarck Prussia Austria Hanover DenmarkBismarck Manteuffel William JosefAlvensleben Gastein Ems BiarritzMoltke Vienna Konigratz SaddowaOrders Needles Artillery GroupsHohenzollerm Hapsburg Napoleon LeopoldRailways Metz Sedan Versailles
11Essay plan: reasons for German unification in 1871 Examples:Ems telegramGasteinVon MoltkeNeedle guns5000 km RailLeopoldSedan & MetzCongressLandtagBiarritzKrupps steelCrimean warBismarck’s grand planBismarck’s good luck / use of luckPrussia’s military mightPrussia’s economic strengthWeakness of AustriaMistakes of France
12o Give basic answer to the question ‘By 1850 Germany was closer to unification than it had been in 1800’ How far do you agree?MarksYou mustFor example…1-5o Give basic answer to the questiono 1-2 reasons given to answer the questionNo, Still not unified, failure of Frankfurt 1848No because…Zollverein, 37 states, Confed of RhineAustria strong- against grossdeutschOlmutz All failedYes because…Revolutionary ideals Zollverein,Jahn, Deutschland, NapoleonGrimm, student societies, Fred WillErfutPrussian constitutionPrussian expansion5-13o Answer the question- particularly in conclusion relevant reasons to answer qo Organise in paragraphs- Give 1-2 relevant examples to support reasons14-15o all main points of the answer (usually 4-5 reasons)- Support with relevant egso Explain which reasons are more important (ranks)16-18o Answer the question in each paragrapho Give opposing arguments in most paragraphso Come to a decision at end of paragraphs as to which side you chooseo Link paragraphs together to conclude- Write in a fluent, coherent manner19-25o Have a clear argument yourself from the start- + historians’ opinions to supporto Be in full control of arguments for / against your point, deal with opposing arguments- giving their evidence and dealing with it.o Come to fully balanced conclusion- reasons that are less important as well as mor