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© Knox Academy Biology Department Knox Academy Biology Department Fish Dissection
© Knox Academy Biology Department Preparation & Examination Locate major external anatomical parts: Locate major external anatomical parts: Dorsal Fin Dorsal Fin Posterior Dorsal Posterior Dorsal Pectoral Fins Pectoral Fins Pelvic Fins Pelvic Fins Anal Fins Anal Fins Caudal Fin Caudal Fin Gill Covers (operculum) Gill Covers (operculum) Lateral line - sensory organ of fish Lateral line - sensory organ of fish Remove several scales Remove several scales Prepare a dry-mount of a scale. Prepare a dry-mount of a scale. Observe it under a microscope Observe it under a microscope What function do you think scales serve? What function do you think scales serve?
© Knox Academy Biology Department Dissection Remove operculum with scissors Remove operculum with scissors Observe gill anatomy Observe gill anatomy Rakers - white, comb-like archesRakers - white, comb-like arches Filaments - Red fingerlike projectionsFilaments - Red fingerlike projections With a scalpel, remove a section of the lateral line With a scalpel, remove a section of the lateral line What function does this organ serve? What function does this organ serve? Do you notice a concentration of nerve endings? Do you notice a concentration of nerve endings? Begin the main incision Begin the main incision Open the abdomen (below the gill) carefully with a scalpel Open the abdomen (below the gill) carefully with a scalpel Cut with a scissors: remove a oval-shaped piece of skin (only skin) running from underneath the gills, to the anus, up to the lateral line, along the lateral line, to the gill, down to where you started the incision. Remove flap of skin (see diagram on next slide) Cut with a scissors: remove a oval-shaped piece of skin (only skin) running from underneath the gills, to the anus, up to the lateral line, along the lateral line, to the gill, down to where you started the incision. Remove flap of skin (see diagram on next slide)
© Knox Academy Biology Department Main Incision Cut along the blue line... Only cut through scales, muscles, and skin Only cut through scales, muscles, and skin Take special care not to cut too deep! Take special care not to cut too deep!
© Knox Academy Biology Department Anterior View 1. Gills 2. Heart 3. Liver 4. Pyloric caeca 5. Small intestine 6. Stomach 7. Swim bladder
© Knox Academy Biology Department Posterior View 1. Swim bladder 2. Gonad 3. Large intestine 4. Urinary bladder 5. Anus
© Knox Academy Biology Department Close-up: Body Cavity Close-up: Body Cavity Muscle Swim Bladder Liver Spleen Gastric Cecae Eggs Stomach Ovary Small Intestine
© Knox Academy Biology Department Can you identify the parts?
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