Presentation on theme: "LIVING IN A DEMOCRACY:TRADE UNIONS"— Presentation transcript:
1 LIVING IN A DEMOCRACY:TRADE UNIONS What you will learn:The rights and responsibilities of Trade UnionsReasons for and against joining a unionHow members participate in unionsHow members are represented in unionsThe role of the Shop StewardRepresentation of women and ethnic minorities in unions.
2 What is a Trade Union?Trade unions are organisations that try to protect the rights of workers.They are specialist PRESSURE GROUPS that focus on employers and employees.ACTIVITY: 1. Copy this aim: To understand what Trade Unions are and whatthey do.2. Read the sheet on the background of Trade Unions and answer thequestions in sentences.
3 Trade Union “Heads and Tails”! ACTIVITY: Which groups of workers (red) would the following Trade Unions(yellow) represent?Educational InstituteOf ScotlandTransport andGeneral Workers’UnionTrain driversSchools andCollegesLocal CouncilWorkers eg.janitorsUNISONFire FightersFire Brigade Union
4 Trade Union Structure Delegates from ALL Trade Unions attend Agrees theUnion’snational policiesElected leaderof the unionSends delegates toNational ConferenceACTIVITY: Read the sheet“Trade Union Organisation”and answer the questions insentences.Pay fees tounion inreturn forrepresentationEXTENSION: TextbookStudy Figure 4.1 on page 27And read Trades UnionCongress and TU MembershipOn page 28.Then answer Qs 7 to 9 on p27.
5 Rights and Responsibilities AIM: To understand the rights and responsibilities of trade unions and theirmembers.Draw a grid like the one below:TRADE UNION RIGHTSTRADE UNIONRESPONSIBILITIESMEMBERS’ RIGHTSMEMBERS’RESPONSIBILITIES
6 Now write the following statements into the correct box on your grid Recruit membersElect the localShop StewardNot put pressure onpeople to joinHave unions representthem in any disputewith managementNot makeunreasonabledemands orthreatsAsk about changes inwages and conditionsReport problems tothe Shop StewardHold a secret ballotfor industrial actionand ensure it ispeaceful and lawfulTake industrial actionto protect workers’rights eg. strikeTake part inIndustrial actionTo vote in the electionof the Shop StewardEXTENSION: Write aShort speech that youwould make to TradeUnion members to tellthem about their rightsand responsibilities asUnion members.To act within the lawwhen participatingin industrial actionTIP: You should havethree entries in EACHbox on your grid.
7 How did you do? TRADE UNION RIGHTS TRADE UNION RESPONSIBILITIES Recruit membersNot put pressure on people to joinAsk about changes inwages and conditionsNot make unreasonabledemands or threatsTake industrial actionto protect workers’rights eg. strikeHold a secret ballot for industrialAction and ensure it is peaceful andlawfulMEMBERS’ RIGHTSMEMBERS’ RESPONSIBILITIESElect the local Shop StewardTo vote in the electionof the Shop StewardTake part in Industrial actionTo act within the law whenParticipating in industrial actionReport problems tothe Shop StewardHave unions represent them inany dispute with management
8 WHAT CAN TRADE UNIONS DO TO HELP THEIR MEMBERS? Sometimes, employers and employees fall out with each other, eg over wages or hours of work, safety. This is called an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE.The Trade Union would try to NEGOTIATE with the employer to resolve the problem.If they are unable to find a solution, the union can take INDUSTRIAL ACTION
9 Types of Industrial Action STRIKE: workers refuse to work for a period of time.PICKET (right): A small group of union members can protest outside their place of workWORK TO CONTRACT: workers carry out no duties other than those in their contract.OVERTIME BAN: workers agree to work only the number of hours agreed in their contract.ACTIVITY: Read “Trade Union Action” on p29/31 and Restricting Union Action” on p31 in your textbookAnswer questions 1 to 4 on p31
11 The Fire Fighters Strike In May 2002, the FBU (Fire Brigades Union) began a campaign for a 40% increase in wages.The employers (local councils) said they could not afford this.They said a big increase could only be agreed if the Fire Fighters agreed to modernise.The Fire Fighters disagreed and went on strike, refusing to attend fires and emergencies.
12 Fire Fighters Strike 2002The dispute continued for over a year, although the after several strikes these were stopped by the FBU.After lengthy negotiations, the employers agreed to give a 16% increase in wages over three stages in return for some modernisation of the service.Who do think came off best in this dispute and why?
13 ACTIVITY: Industrial Action Copy this aim: To understand the types of industrial action trade unions can take.Choose one of the Case Studies on pages 32/33 and answer the appropriate questions on page 33.When finished – 3 pupils will report back to the class on their case studies, explaining:WHO was involved in the dispute.WHY there was a dispute.WHAT action the union took.What the RESULT of the dispute was(who won?).EXTENSION: Choose another CaseStudy and answer the questions.
14 Should workers always join a union? Since 1979, the power of Trade Unions has been greatly reduced by the government.Some workers now feel there is little advantage in joining a union because they are not as powerful as in the past.Others believe that they still offer protection for workers against bullying by employers.We will now look at the arguments FOR and AGAINST joining a Trade Union.
15 WHY JOIN A TRADE UNION? TASK 1: Look at the following arguments – decide which are FOR and which as AGAINST joining a union. Write your answer as a table.Legal backing andadvice is availableto membersNegotiate (discuss)better pay andconditions with employerBeing part of a big groupmakes it difficult foremployers to “pick on”their staff.Already have good payand conditions so donot need union tonegotiateWage rises go toeveryone so even nonmembers get advantageswithout joiningSome people believeunions have too muchpower.TASK 2: Read page 30. Then answer Qs 5 and 6 on page 29. For Q 5,choose THREE of the benefits to write about.EXTENSION: Would you join a trade union in the future? Write a paragraphexplaining why you would or would not join..
16 SHOULD WORKERS JOIN A TRADE UNION? FORAGAINSTLegal backing andadvice is availableto membersWage rises go toeveryone so even nonmembers get advantageswithout joiningNegotiate (discuss)better pay andconditions with employerAlready have good payand conditions so donot need union tonegotiateBeing part of a big groupmakes it difficult foremployers to “pick on”their staff.Some people believeunions have too muchpower.What do you think? Would YOU join a trade union?
17 PARTICIPATION BY UNION MEMBERS Copy this aim: To understand how trade unionmembers can participate in the work of their union.Trade Union members can participate in a variety of ways in their Union.Q: Why is it important as many members as possible participate in the work of a trade union?These can be on a DAY TO DAY basis, or at times when there is an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE between the union and the employer.ACTIVITY: Copy and complete the diagram on the next slide to show how members can participate in their union. Use a full page.
18 PARTICIPATION BY MEMBERS IN TRADE UNIONS Take part in industrialaction, eg. strike,go slowVote for secretballot, eg. Fora strike.BOTHAttend unionmeetingsVote for unionofficials eg.Shop StewardCommunicate withthe mediaPay membershipfeesEXTENSION: Read page 35 in your textbook andanswer questions 1 to 5 on page 36
22 How do trade unions represent their members? Take workers concernsto management eg.over health and safetyProvide legal helpfor members whoare unfairlydismissedGo on strike to wina compromise paydeal with employers
24 THE ROLE OF THE SHOP STEWARD Copy the heading above and the aim below:AIM: To understand what how a Shop Steward represents trade union members.TASK 1: Use the yellow box on page 34 to make a spider diagram on “The qualities of a Shop Steward”. Use coloured pencils.TASK 2: Read the fact file on Shop Stewards on page 34 and answer Qs 2, 5 and 6 on p35. Q6 is an ENQUIRY SKILLS question.
25 Increasing female membership in unions. Collect thesheet from yourteacher aboutincreasing femalemembership intrade unions.Read it carefullyand answer thequestions insentences.
26 Percentage of union members and officials by gender - 2004 What does this chart tell us about women in officialpositions within trade unions?
27 Why are women under represented in official positions in trade unions? Which of your points are SOCIAL (attitudes, family) and which are ECONOMIC(money, type of job) reasons for the under representation of women?
28 Under representation of women in official positions Task 1: copy and complete this table SOCIAL REASONSECONOMIC REASONSSexist men unlikely tovote for a femaleshop stewardSome trade unionsare dominated bymen – intimidatingfor womenWomen more likelyto be in low paidwork so might notbe able to afford feesFamily commitmentsprevent somewomen giving a lotof time to theirunionTASK 2: Read page 36Of your textbook.Answer questions 7 to 9On the same page.Women more likely towork part time –less likely to joinA union
29 Reasons for under representation of women SOCIALECONOMICSexist men unlikely tovote for a femaleshop stewardSome trade unionsare dominated bymen – intimidatingfor womenSome trade unionsare dominated bymen – intimidatingfor womenWomen more likely towork part time –less likely to joinA unionFamily commitmentsprevent somewomen giving a lotof time to theirunion
30 Ethnic Minorities and Trade Unions Proportion of ethnic minority workers who are members of trade unionsENQUIRY SKILLS: Using the chart above, what conclusions can you make aboutthe membership levels of ethnic minorities in trade unions? (Highest and lowest?)
31 Ethnic Minorities and Trade Unions Percentage of trade union members by ethnic group, UK 2004White %Mixed %Asian or Asian British 2.6%Black to Black British 2.1%Chinese or other %ENQUIRY SKILLS: What conclusion can you reach about the representation of ethnic minorities in trade unions using the table above?Why do you think ethnic minorities are under represented in trade unions?