Presentation on theme: "Conversations about Inclusion"— Presentation transcript:
1Conversations about Inclusion Robert Abel,School PsychologistMarguerite Brown,Special EducationTeacherJoan Kern,ComplianceFacilitatorMesa Public SchoolsJuly, 2010MESA P U B L I C S C H O O L S
2ObjectivesDeliver information on history and rationale of inclusive educationSupply real world methods and techniques for the practice of inclusionProvide venue for discussion and problem solving re: inclusion in MPS
3“Let me get this straight: I’m behind … and I’m going to catch up by going slower ?"
4Legal basis for inclusion… Civil Rights ActArchitectural Barriers ActRehabilitation Act (Section 504)Education for All Handicapped Children Act (PL )1988 – Civil Rights Restoration Act.Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)Technology-Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities ActAmendments to IDEAIndividuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004QuestionsWhy did it take all of the lawsuits and legislation to get our society to where it is now?What one word best summarizes all disabilitiy laws?
18I E P Authority and motivation… The IEP RULES!!!!!!!! Say there is a conflict between:A teacher who says she doesn’t accept late work, and an IEP that specifies extended timelines for assignments…A State Department of Education who says that students must pass AIMS to graduate from high school, and IEP that specifies alternative requirements and exempts a student from the AIMS test…A principal who states that disabled students are not allowed in the general education classroom, and an IEP which specifies services to be provided IN a general education classroom?The IEP rules!!!!!
20Never underestimate that a small group of thoughtful, committed people can change the world; indeed it's the only thing that ever has.~Margaret Mead
21Collaborative partnership A partnership between two or more people that gives structure and organization for planning, thinking, and working together to accomplish a common goal
22Role of school principal in school-wide inclusion implementation… Vision and agendaStructure and organizationStaff trainingAllocation of resourcesOngoing support
23Role of special education teacher in school-wide inclusion implementation An Expert In…..Learning StylesBehavior ModificationsLearning StrategiesDiagnostic/Prescriptive TeachingAccommodation/modificationHome/school communication and the IEP process
24Activities of special education teacher in school-wide inclusion implementationAn Expert In…..Interpreting HighlightingSummarizing IdentifyingSimplifying EmphasizingCondensing EnlargingParaphrasing Clarifying
25Role of general education teacher in school-wide inclusion implementation… An Expert In…Content AreasScope & Sequence of CurriculumKnowledge of Curriculum StandardsManagement Strategies of Large GroupsAcademic & Social DevelopmentPacing, delivery, inspiration and motivationOrganization of massive amounts of materials
264 Approaches to Team Teaching* Supportive TeachingParallel TeachingComplementary TeachingTeam Teaching* From Deer Valley School District materials
27Supportive Teaching One teacher takes the lead instructional role 2nd teacher rotates among the studentsproviding support to all students
28Parallel Teaching2 or more teachers work with different groups of students in different section of the classroomCo-teachers may rotate groupsCo-teachers teach area of strength(If new to team teaching – this is the mostcomfortable place to start)
29Complementary Teaching All teachers are lead teachers, contributing to the lessonor lecture1 teacher may paraphrase what other teacher is saying or ask clarifying or summarizing questionsEach teacher focuses on his/her area of expertise1 teacher may pre-teach a skill to a small group(As comfort levels increase, the complementary and team teaching models are more effective)
30True Team Teaching2 or more teachers do what one traditional teacher has always doneAll Plan the lessonAll Teach the lessonAll Assess student progressAll Assume responsibility for ALL students(This is the ideal model for co-teaching and sustained inclusive education)
31For example… 1st co-teacher is… 2nd co-teacher is… Lecturing Modeling Note taking on boardPassing out papersReviewing directionsTaking rollCollecting/reviewing homeworkChecking understandingwith whole groupwith subgroup(s)Concluding a lectureAsking clarifying or summarizing questions
32Many hands make light work… Ms. A Mr. B Ms. CModify tests/quizzesCreate alternative projectsGenerate curriculum modificationsCommunicate w/ related servicesFacilitate peer support & friendshipsRecruit and train peer tutorsTrain and assign IA’sSchedule/Facilitate team meetingsAssign gradesCreate advanced organizersDevelop units, projects, lessonsConduct IEP related meetingsother – specifyother - specify
33The special education teacher as an Inclusion Facilitator…. Part-time daily scheduledPull-outTotal staff (training)Teaming/co-teachingConsultantDrop-inProblem-solving conferences
34Modified grading A fair grading system… provides an opportunity for high gradesto be earned- provides meaningful grades that reflect a student's experience in the classroom- includes flexibility as needed to meet individual needs of students
35The Nine Grid (Problem solving process) QuantityTimeLevel of supportInputParticipationOutputAlternativeCurriculumDifficultyAlternate Goals
36Language makes a difference… “The difference between the right word and the almost-right word is the difference between lightning and a lightning bug”~ Mark Twain
37I E P IEP issues: Accommodations/modifications: Adjust evaluation criteria for assignmentsAdjust evaluation criteria for grades on report cardAdjust quantity and/or difficulty of homework assignmentsAllow extra time for deadlinesAllow extra credit and/or alternative projects for creditAllow re-taking of testsUse visual aids (pictures, transparencies, charts, maps)Provide frequent feedbackEmphasize major points/main ideasAllow others to take notes when extensive notes are required (NCR paper).Extra set of books for homeI E P
38I E P IEP issues: G. STATEMENT OF SPECIAL EDUCATION/RELATED SERVICES Reading ComprehensionGeneral Education hours per weekSpecial Education .5 hours per weekMath Calculation and Math Problem SolvingGeneral Education 2.00 hours per weekI E P
39LREInside Regular Class 80% or more of the dayI E P
40Inclusion MythsInclusion (or resource or self-contained) is the best model of service delivery for all studentsInclusion requires fewer special education teachers/instructional aidesStudents always increase academic skills when taught in inclusion classroomsSuccessful inclusion takes little time and effort from school staff and can be implemented quickly and with few mistakes on the first trial.
47Websources1… http://www.inclusiveschools.org/ …and many, many more to Google.
48Websources2…Resources from Deer Valley District:https://www.dvusd.org/docs/StuSupportSvcs/Shared_Teaching.pdfhttps://www.dvusd.org/docs/StuSupportSvcs/Inclusive_Education.pdfhttps://www.dvusd.org/assets/pdfs/department_education/Disability_Awareness.pdf
49Books…The Inclusion Facilitator’s Guide by Cheryl Jorgenson, Mary C. Schuh, and Jan NisbetA Guide to Co-Teaching by Richard Villa, Jacqueline Thousand, and Ann NevinCollaborative Teaching in the Secondary Schools by Wendy MurawskiInclusion Strategies That Work! Research-Based Methods for the Classroom,Second Edition by Toby J KartenCollaborative Teaching in the Elementary Schools by Wendy Murawski
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