2 Author Written by Nelle Harper Lee (Harper Lee) was her 1st novel only wrote 2 magazine articles in the 60s after thathas lived away from the eyes of the world ever since
3 Author Won the Pulitzer Prize in 1961 The description of Scout's neighborhood matches closely the neighborhood of the Lee family.
4 Parallels between Harper Lee and Scout Finch Harper Lee's ChildhoodGrew up in 1930s - rural southern Alabama townFather - Amasa Lee - attorney who served in state legislature in AlabamaOlder brother and young neighbor (Truman Capote) are playmatesHarper Lee - an avid readerSix years old when Scottsboro trials were meticulously covered in state and local newspapersScout Finch's ChildhoodFather - Atticus Finch - attorney who served in state legislature in AlabamaOlder brother and young neighbor (Dill) are playmatesScout reads before she enters school; reads Mobile Register newspaper in first gradeSix years old when the trial of Tom Robinson takes place
5 more parallells Harper’s mother was named Frances Cunningham Finch The Finch family is the focus of the storyCunninghams are also in the story
6 more parallellsDillFamous American writer Truman Capote was the basis for Dill. Capote was author of two stories you might recognize: "Miriam" and "Christmas Memory." Capote spent time living with his aunts in Monroeville.
7 more parallels Boo Radley There was also in Monroeville a much-feared young recluse who was likely the basis for the fictional Boo Radley.
8 CourthouseMonroeville County Courthouse even used in the movie
10 Time periodScout says that "Maycomb County had recently been told that it had nothing to fear, but fear itself." That locks the time period of the beginning of the action of the story Scout is 6 when Dill arrives and Jem is nearly 10. Therefore, the climax of the book occurs in 1936.During the Great Depression
11 Trial An infamous trial of the period was the Scottboro trial. In 1931, 9 young African males are stopped on a freight train in Alabamaarrested tried and convicted of the rape of 2 white womenthe men were pardoned in 1976
12 Trial parallels The Scottsboro Trials Took place in the 1930s Took place in northern AlabamaBegan with a charge of rape made by white women against African American menThe poor white status of the accusers was a critical issue.A central figure was a heroic judge, a member of the Alabama Bar who overturned a guilty jury verdict against African American men.Tom Robinson's TrialOccurs in the 1930sTakes place in southern AlabamaBegins with a charge of rape made by a white woman against an African American manThe poor white status of Mayella is a critical issue.A central figure is Atticus, lawyer, legislator and member of the Alabama Bar, who defends an African American man.
13 More Trial Parallels The Scottsboro Trials This judge went against public sentiment in trying to protect the rights of the African American defendants.The first juries failed to include any African Americans, a situation which causeed the U.S. Supreme Court to overturn the guilty verdict.The jury ignored evidence, for example, that the women suffered no injuries.Attitudes about Southern women and poor whites complicated the trial.Tom Robinson's Trial Atticus arouses anger in the communtiy in trying to defend Tom Robinson.The verdict is rendered by a jury of poor white residents of Old Sarum.The jury ignores evidence, for example, that Tom has a useless left arm.Attitudes about Southern women and poor whites complicate the trial of Tom Robinson.
14 Justice A great deal of discrimination existed in the justice system African Americans were not allowed on juriesAfrican Americans were often arrested, tried, and convicted with little cause
15 The SouthNearly half of all blacks in the south did not receive an education past the 5th gradeRacist groups like the Ku Klux Clan and the Black Shirts terrorized blackslynching was still a common practice
16 Literary Devices Point of View One of the most distinctive characteristics of the novelThe story is told from the perspective of a child who is approx 6 years old when the story begins
17 Literary Devices Symbolism The mockingbird is a symbol of innocence in the novelMiss Maudie tells the children “it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird” because they never do harm
18 Literary Devices Motifs ex: small town life recurring structures, contrasts, or literary devices that help develop the themesex: small town lifeold fashioned valuesgothic details
19 Literary Devices Allusions Idioms references to various places, people, things, historical events, or other works of literatureIdiomsexpressions or phrases that have meanings different than a literal interpretation would suggest
20 Themes Prejudice and Tolerance Guilt and Innocence Justice Knowledge and IgnoranceCourage and Cowardice