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To Kill a Mockingbird Background info. Author Written by Nelle Harper Lee (Harper Lee) Written by Nelle Harper Lee (Harper Lee) was her 1 st novel was.

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Presentation on theme: "To Kill a Mockingbird Background info. Author Written by Nelle Harper Lee (Harper Lee) Written by Nelle Harper Lee (Harper Lee) was her 1 st novel was."— Presentation transcript:

1 To Kill a Mockingbird Background info

2 Author Written by Nelle Harper Lee (Harper Lee) Written by Nelle Harper Lee (Harper Lee) was her 1 st novel was her 1 st novel only wrote 2 magazine articles in the 60s after that only wrote 2 magazine articles in the 60s after that has lived away from the eyes of the world ever since has lived away from the eyes of the world ever since

3 Author Won the Pulitzer Prize in 1961 Won the Pulitzer Prize in 1961 The description of Scout's neighborhood matches closely the neighborhood of the Lee family. The description of Scout's neighborhood matches closely the neighborhood of the Lee family.

4 Parallels between Harper Lee and Scout Finch Harper Lee's Childhood Grew up in 1930s - rural southern Alabama town Father - Amasa Lee - attorney who served in state legislature in Alabama Older brother and young neighbor (Truman Capote) are playmates Harper Lee - an avid reader Six years old when Scottsboro trials were meticulously covered in state and local newspapers Scout Finch's Childhood Grew up in 1930s - rural southern Alabama town Father - Atticus Finch - attorney who served in state legislature in Alabama Older brother and young neighbor (Dill) are playmates Scout reads before she enters school; reads Mobile Register newspaper in first grade Six years old when the trial of Tom Robinson takes place

5 more parallells Frances Cunningham Finch Harpers mother was named Frances Cunningham Finch The Finch family is the focus of the story The Finch family is the focus of the story Cunninghams are also in the story Cunninghams are also in the story

6 more parallells Dill Famous American writer Truman Capote was the basis for Dill. Capote was author of two stories you might recognize: "Miriam" and "Christmas Memory." Capote spent time living with his aunts in Monroeville. Famous American writer Truman Capote was the basis for Dill. Capote was author of two stories you might recognize: "Miriam" and "Christmas Memory." Capote spent time living with his aunts in Monroeville.Truman Capote auntsTruman Capote aunts

7 more parallels Boo Radley Boo Radley There was also in Monroeville a much-feared young recluse who was likely the basis for the fictional Boo Radley. There was also in Monroeville a much-feared young recluse who was likely the basis for the fictional Boo Radley.

8 Courthouse Monroeville County Courthouse even used in the movie Monroeville County Courthouse even used in the movie

9 Courthouse

10 Time period Scout says that "Maycomb County had recently been told that it had nothing to fear, but fear itself." That locks the time period of the beginning of the action of the story Scout is 6 when Dill arrives and Jem is nearly 10. Therefore, the climax of the book occurs in Scout says that "Maycomb County had recently been told that it had nothing to fear, but fear itself." That locks the time period of the beginning of the action of the story Scout is 6 when Dill arrives and Jem is nearly 10. Therefore, the climax of the book occurs in 1936.nothing to fear, but fear itselfnothing to fear, but fear itself During the Great Depression During the Great Depression

11 Trial An infamous trial of the period was the Scottboro trial. An infamous trial of the period was the Scottboro trial. Scottboro trial Scottboro trial In 1931, 9 young African males are stopped on a freight train in Alabama In 1931, 9 young African males are stopped on a freight train in Alabama arrested tried and convicted of the rape of 2 white women arrested tried and convicted of the rape of 2 white women the men were pardoned in 1976 the men were pardoned in 1976

12 Trial parallels The Scottsboro Trials Took place in the 1930s Took place in northern Alabama Began with a charge of rape made by white women against African American men The poor white status of the accusers was a critical issue. A central figure was a heroic judge, a member of the Alabama Bar who overturned a guilty jury verdict against African American men. Tom Robinson's Trial Occurs in the 1930s Takes place in southern Alabama Begins with a charge of rape made by a white woman against an African American man The poor white status of Mayella is a critical issue. A central figure is Atticus, lawyer, legislator and member of the Alabama Bar, who defends an African American man.

13 More Trial Parallels The Scottsboro Trials This judge went against public sentiment in trying to protect the rights of the African American defendants. The first juries failed to include any African Americans, a situation which causeed the U.S. Supreme Court to overturn the guilty verdict. The jury ignored evidence, for example, that the women suffered no injuries. Attitudes about Southern women and poor whites complicated the trial. Tom Robinson's Trial Atticus arouses anger in the communtiy in trying to defend Tom Robinson. The verdict is rendered by a jury of poor white residents of Old Sarum. The jury ignores evidence, for example, that Tom has a useless left arm. Attitudes about Southern women and poor whites complicate the trial of Tom Robinson.

14 Justice A great deal of discrimination existed in the justice system A great deal of discrimination existed in the justice system African Americans were not allowed on juries African Americans were not allowed on juries African Americans were often arrested, tried, and convicted with little cause African Americans were often arrested, tried, and convicted with little cause

15 The South Nearly half of all blacks in the south did not receive an education past the 5 th grade Nearly half of all blacks in the south did not receive an education past the 5 th grade Racist groups like the Ku Klux Clan and the Black Shirts terrorized blacks Racist groups like the Ku Klux Clan and the Black Shirts terrorized blacks lynching was still a common practice lynching was still a common practice

16 Literary Devices Point of View Point of View One of the most distinctive characteristics of the novel One of the most distinctive characteristics of the novel The story is told from the perspective of a child who is approx 6 years old when the story begins The story is told from the perspective of a child who is approx 6 years old when the story begins

17 Literary Devices Symbolism Symbolism The mockingbird is a symbol of innocence in the novel The mockingbird is a symbol of innocence in the novel Miss Maudie tells the children its a sin to kill a mockingbird because they never do harm Miss Maudie tells the children its a sin to kill a mockingbird because they never do harm

18 Literary Devices Motifs Motifs recurring structures, contrasts, or literary devices that help develop the themes recurring structures, contrasts, or literary devices that help develop the themes ex: small town life old fashioned values old fashioned values gothic details gothic details

19 Literary Devices Allusions references to various places, people, things, historical events, or other works of literature Idioms expressions or phrases that have meanings different than a literal interpretation would suggest

20 Themes Prejudice and Tolerance Prejudice and Tolerance Guilt and Innocence Guilt and Innocence Justice Justice Knowledge and Ignorance Knowledge and Ignorance Courage and Cowardice Courage and Cowardice


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