Presentation on theme: "Europe’s Impact on the New World"— Presentation transcript:
1Europe’s Impact on the New World . . . and what the New World taught Europe.
2The ExplorersColumbus Wanted to find a short route to Asia. Bumped into the New World by mistake. Hudson Henry Hudson was looking for a northern passage to Asia. Coronado Looking for the 7 cities of gold Marquette French In 1673 He and Louis Jolliet, explored and map the northern portion of the Mississippi River.
3Columbus Crosses the Atlantic The Spanish had three reasons for exploration:goldlandreligion
5This exploration brought about great changes for Europe and the natives. Brainstorm…What types of changes?Did the Europeans know what they were doing?
6superior weaponry forced labor *Colonization – the establishment of distant settlements controlled by the parent country.*The Spanish established settlements or colonies using the following tactics:superior weaponryforced labor*Disease ravaged the Native Americans; measles, mumps, chickenpox, small pox and typhus. By 1600, it is estimated that only 1 in 25 native peoples survive the epidemics.
7As a landowner looking to get rich what do you do now? Brainstorm…As a landowner looking to get rich what do you do now?
8The Slave Trade BeginsAs more natives died of disease African slavery became an essential part of the European-American economic system.“The labor of one …[African]…[is] more valuable than that of four Indians; every effort should be made to bring many…[Africans] from Guinea.”Bartolome De Las Casas
9When Europe started to come to the New World they influenced many areas of daily life. Europeans also learned some new things from the natives.The exchange of ideas can be broken into 5 areas:Religion 2. Economics 3. Food4. Government 5. Social
10Brainstorm… What is the end result of this exploration? religious? economic?food?government?social?
11ReligionConversion Most explorers wanted to convert the natives to Catholic or Protestant. The natives religion wasn’t understood so it must be wrong. Atahualpa Leader of the Incas. Captured by Pizzaro and held for ransom. He was to be killed but was offered a quick death if he converted to Catholicism.
12EconomicsGOLD Lets face it, the Spanish wanted gold. Treasure ships were built to haul back the loot. England Saw the New World as a giant raw materials location. Trade This was done with the Columbian Exchange. Plants, animals, and diseases.
13The development of the new world created profound changes in the new and old world. The exchange of plants, animals and ideas is known as the Columbian Exchange.Americas to Europe,Africa and AsiaCornPotatoPumpkinTurkeyCacao BeanAtlantic OceanDiseaseLivestockCitrusCoffeeEurope, Africa andAsia to Americas
14FoodTo Europe Beans, Cocoa, Corn, Peanuts, Potatoes, Pumpkins, Squash, Sweet Potatoes, Tobacco, and Tomatoes To New World Bananas, Citrus, Grains, Peaches, Pears, & Sugarcane
15GovernmentMatriarchal Women lead the society. This was found among the natives. Why? Iroquois It was made up of the Confederacy Mohawk, Oneida, Cayuga, Onondaga & Seneca nations. This idea was adopted as the first government of the U.S.
17Why did Europeans want to colonize the Americas? DiscussWhy did European explorers believe they could simply claim lands for their home countries, even though these lands were already populated?What impact did the Columbian Exchange have on people’s lives throughout the world?Why did Europeans want to colonize the Americas?
18Map Activity Using Page 43, Map the exploration routes for: Columbus HudsonJoliet and MarquetteMagellanCoronadoCortezOn the BackDefine: Encomienda system, Joint-Stock CompaniesExplain the different reasons for colonizationExplain Columbian Exchange and discuss the effects of the European contact in the Americas.