Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

What is a State? Differentiating Terms State

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "What is a State? Differentiating Terms State"— Presentation transcript:

1 What is a State? Differentiating Terms State
Max Weber defines it as the organization that maintains a monopoly of violence over a territory Must have sovereignty – the ability to carry out actions or policies within a territory independently from external actors or internal riots Sovereignty requires power, physical and otherwise, to defend against these other actors Institutions are what we call actors which carry out the state’s responsibilities (i.e., executive branch, bureaucracy, military, courts, etc.)

2 What is a State? Differentiating Terms Nation
People group that is bound together through shared political aspirations (i.e., self government) Regime fundamental rules and norms of politics Can change gradually or through rapid trauma or revolution Government The leadership presently entrusted with running the state Can change through elections, or transitions of power

3 Comparing State Power Strong States Weak States Failed States
These are simplistic ways to express the power of a state

4 Comparing State Power Capacity – the ability of a state to wield power in order to carry out the basic tasks of providing security and reconciling freedom and equality High Capacity – well organized, legitimate, able to enforce its own laws Autonomy – the ability of a state to wield its power independent of public approval High Autonomy – state acts on behalf of the public with no regard to public opinion Low Autonomy – state acts at the behest of private individuals and groups

5 Centralization vs. Decentralization
Unitary – one national government, local/regional units have little or no say in policy Examples : Great Britain, China, Iran

6 Different Forms of Government
Federal – local units share power with the central national government Examples : U.S., Mexico, Nigeria, *Russia*

7 Different Forms of Government
Confederal – smaller regional governments hold the most power, united by a weak central government Examples : European Union, other IGOs

Download ppt "What is a State? Differentiating Terms State"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google