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Myths, Legends, Folktales, and Fables

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Presentation on theme: "Myths, Legends, Folktales, and Fables"— Presentation transcript:

1 Myths, Legends, Folktales, and Fables
Cultural Fiction: Myths, Legends, Folktales, and Fables

2 Gallery Walk Take 9 post-its and a writing utensil.
On the post-its write what you know about each of the terms. You need to write something on the post-it: an example, definition, et cetera... {Avoid IDK, at all costs!} Place post-it on the poster.

3 List of Terms for Gallery Walk
Nonfiction Fiction Fable Folktale Myth Moral Cultural/Culture Dialect Legend

4 What is culture? The behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group. For example: The Chinese are very careful within their families not to insult, embarrass or shame the children or spouse. Terms like "bad boy" when scolding a child are not used in Chinese families. Instead, they would simply tell the child “no.” PAIR SHARE: Turn to a partner and share something about your culture. (A students tell B students, C students tell D students for ___sec, then switch)

5 Fiction or Nonfiction? Fiction: writing that is made up rather than being true. Fiction is FAKE! It is often based on a writer’s experiences or on historical events, but a writer may add or alter characters, events, and other details. Nonfiction: writing that deals with real people, things, events, and places. GROUP: What are some types of nonfiction you can think of? Compile a list of different types in your group. Be prepared to share your list with the class.

6 Myths A story that explains something about the world and typically involves gods or other supernatural forces. Myths explain spiritual and physical mysteries. Almost every culture has creation myths, stories that explain how the world came to exist or how humans were created. Most myths are very old and were handed down orally before being put into writing.

7 Legends THINK: Look at the two pictures
Stories of extraordinary deeds that are handed down from one generation to the next. They are based to some extent on fact, but are not always entirely accurate. THINK: Look at the two pictures carefully. Can you identify each of the legends?

8 Folktales Stories about purely fictitious (made-up) characters and situations. Most were originally passed on from one generation to another by word of mouth. Folktales are not religious, and are usually about ordinary people. Folktales are meant to be entertaining, teach a life lesson, or both.

9 Dialect Folktales sometimes contain dialect.
Dialect is a way of speaking that is characteristic of a certain geographical area or a certain group of people. A dialect may have a distinct vocabulary, pronunciation system, and grammar.

10 Fables A brief story or poem that contains a moral.
A moral is a practical lesson about how to get along in life. Often the moral is stated at the end of the fable. Characters are usually animals that behave and speak like humans. GROUP: What are some fables that you can recall? In your group, compile a list of fables. Be prepared to share with the whole class.

11 Marking the Text Before Reading: # your paragraphs
Read “The Wise Old Woman” While reading: box character names circle any words dealing with title or age Think Pair Share: Share the marks you made on your paper with your elbow partner Be prepared to share with the class. Now go back to the text underline the moral statements that teach us a lesson Squiggly-line the parts that show this story is a folk-tale Share with your table what the lesson of this folktale is. Discuss: What are the characteristics found in The Wise Old Woman that make this piece of literature a “folktale”.

12 Quickwrite STEP 1: Pretend you are the wise old woman and explain how you feel about the lord’s decree, about life in hiding, and about coming up with solutions to Lord Higa’s impossible demands.

13 Say, Do, Mean STEP 2: Complete the worksheet (on back) about what the author is saying, doing, and meaning when writing this text. Think Pair Share Share what you wrote with a partner

14 Author’s Purpose Template
STEP 3: Identify what the title, author, and author’s purpose is for this folktale and what the author wants us to learn from this piece. Share with the class

15 What are Primary Sources?
Add the following definition to the back of your foldable notes. Primary sources provide first-hand testimony or direct evidence concerning a topic under investigation. They are created by witnesses or recorders who experienced the events or conditions being documented. Often these sources are created at the time when the events or conditions are occurring, but primary sources can also include autobiographies, memoirs, and oral histories recorded later.

16 FLOG – to beat with a whip, stick, etc especially as a punishment.
FLOGGING FLOG – to beat with a whip, stick, etc especially as a punishment.

17 Informational Text – Slave Overseers
Before Reading: # your paragraphs Define Flogging and Primary Sources During Reading: Mark the text: Circle dates Underline complete sentences that contain statistical data (numbers) Box unfamiliar words Highlight examples of mistreatment of slaves Post-It Activity On a post-it note write two facts that shocked you Think Pair Share with someone at your table Be prepared to share with the class Ticket out the door: Explain what an overseer is, using complete sentences.

18 Marking the Text Before Reading: # your paragraphs
Read “The People Could Fly: Box dialect Circle any words related to title Underline characteristics of folktales Share marks with a table partner Be prepared to discuss which things you marked with the class Venn Diagram: Compare “The Wise Old Woman” and “The People Could Fly” and identify 3 similarities and 3 differences for each.

19 Cats and Dogs Compare/Contrast Essay Example (handout)
Read “Cats and Dogs” Sample Essay: highlight thesis statement underline topic sentences and concluding sentences squiggly line under the attention grabber circle transitions # the similarities and differences in each body paragraph Share with a table partner your markings Be prepared to discuss with the class

20 Compare/Contrast Body Paragraphs
Graphic Organizer: Take the information from your Venn Diagram and complete the Body paragraphs for Similarities and Differences on your Compare/Contrast Graphic Organizer. Make sure to provide examples or evidence from the text. Make sure to write a topic sentence for each.

21 Compare/Contrast - Introduction
Graphic Organizer: Now that you have organized your body paragraphs, you can write your introduction paragraph. Start with a thesis statement. In your thesis statement, state the titles and that they share and differ in their characteristics or events. Now you can write an attention grabber (2QBAD)

22 2QBAD – Attention Grabber
2 Q’s Question Quote Background Anecdote Data

23 Compare/Contrast Conclusion Paragraph
Restate Thesis (Put your thesis into different words) Summarize key points/ideas Reconnect with your attention grabber

24 Compare/Contrast Rough Draft
Using your graphic organizer, write a four-paragraph compare/contrast essay Do not use “I” statements. Explain your information. Use evidence from the text to support your explanations. Write in complete sentences.

25 Compare/Contrast Editing/Revision
Using your peer editing/revision checklist, swap your paper with a partner and complete the checklist. Once you are done, return the checklist and paper to the author and get yours back. Make necessary revisions to your paper.

26 Compare/Contrast Final Draft
Write your final draft using pen. Make sure to re-read your paper and that it is error free (perfect!) before turning it into the assignment box. When turning in, make sure to include all your work, including your graphic organizer, editing/revision checklist, and rough draft and final copy!

27 Brer Possum’s Dilemma Read “Brer Possum’s Dilemma p. 597: OUTLOUD as a class What dialect words and phrases occur on page 598? Look at paragraph on page 598 and listen to me as I re-state it in correct, Standard English. What is lost in the change? Quickwrite: How would Brer Possum’s speech read in Standard English? Refer to page 597 and re-write the first two paragraphs using Standard English. For example, instead of mornin’, you would change it to morning. Turn to page 601: Re-write the stated moral (the last 2 lines) in Standard English and explain its meaning. Share your re-writes with your table. Now share with the whole class. Discuss: What is lost in the change to Standard English? Why did the author choose to write the fable in the dialect that was chosen? Ticket out the door: Was this _____________ (folktale, fable, myth, legend) meant to entertain, teach a life lesson, or both? Explain your position.

28 “The Dog and the Wolf” and “The Puppy”
Read “The Dog and the Wolf” and “The Puppy” on p. 522: What is the theme? Quickwrite: What theme do the fable from ancient Greece and the story from modern-day Russia have in common?

29 Informational Text The True Story of the Paul Bunyan Legend
Before Reading: # your paragraphs While Reading: Mark the Text Circle dates and places Box unfamiliar vocabulary Underline changes that indicate Paul Bunyan is becoming a legend

30 Paul Bunyan Giant of the Forest
Before Reading: # your paragraphs While Reading: Mark the Text Circle places Box unfamiliar vocabulary Underline hyperboles Ticket out the door

31 Before Reading: # your paragraphs While Reading: Mark the Text
Myth of Prometheus Before Reading: # your paragraphs While Reading: Mark the Text Circle names of Gods/Titans Box unfamiliar vocabulary Underline characteristics of a myth (explanations of how things were created)

32 Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus
Before Reading: # your paragraphs While Reading: Mark the Text Box unfamiliar vocabulary Squiggly line words of emotions and use emoticons in the margins Answer the analysis questions using complete sentences. Define your boxed vocabulary words on a separate piece of paper.

33 The Flight of Daedalus Before you read, # your paragraphs!
Read the myth silently. Mark the Text for the following items: Circle characters ONCE. Box unfamiliar vocabulary. Underline key events and number them in chronological order. Be prepared to share your markings with the class. Complete analysis and comprehension questions. Use literacy handbook for parts of a plot.

34 End of Unit Literary Analysis Essay
Write a 5 paragraph literary analysis essay in which you examine whether folktales, legends, myths, and fables are meant to entertain, teach a life lesson, or both. Explain your position citing evidence from literary and informational text. Your essay will be evaluated on the traits of Ideas, Organization, Voice, and Conventions. Graphic Organizer (Prewriting/Brainstorming/Outline). Write rough draft in pencil. Use the Literacy Handbook Checklist for editing/revising of rough draft. Write final copy in pen (blue or black ink).

35 Comic Strip Activity You will analyze one of the folklore stories we have studied in this unit, and you will summarize it by creating a comic strip. Choose a story and outline the plot. Put the most important events in chronological order. Decide what your characters will look like. Stick figure people are okay, but make sure they are wearing clothes, please! Your comic strip must be at least eight (8) frames long (not including the title frame). Your comic must have a title frame (1st frame) with your name as the illustrator. Your comic must be colored with words at the BOTTOM of the frames, and have dialogue WITHIN the frames. Have fun and make it as colorful/creative as possible. Neatness does count!

36 End of Unit Assessment Vocabulary (cloze) Assessment: study your notes! Excerpts Assessment: Applying types of cultural fiction. Reading Assessment: “The Wolf and the Fox” “How Much Land Does a Man Need” Complete analysis and comprehension questions for both stories.

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