Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Periodic Trends. CA Standards Students know how to use the periodic table to identify trends in ionization energy, electronegativity, and the relative.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Periodic Trends. CA Standards Students know how to use the periodic table to identify trends in ionization energy, electronegativity, and the relative."— Presentation transcript:

1 Periodic Trends

2 CA Standards Students know how to use the periodic table to identify trends in ionization energy, electronegativity, and the relative sizes of ions and atoms.Students know how to use the periodic table to identify trends in ionization energy, electronegativity, and the relative sizes of ions and atoms.

3 Definition: Half of the distance between nuclei in covalently bonded diatomic molecule Radius decreases across a period Increased effective nuclear charge due to decreased shielding Radius increases down a group Each row on the periodic table adds a shell or energy level to the atom Radius decreases across a period Increased effective nuclear charge due to decreased shielding Radius increases down a group Each row on the periodic table adds a shell or energy level to the atom Atomic Radius

4 Table of Atomic Radii

5 Period Trend: Atomic Radius

6 Tends to increase across a period As radius decreases across a period, the electron you are removing is closer to the nucleus and harder to remove Tends to decrease down a group Outer electrons are farther from the nucleus and easier to remove Tends to increase across a period As radius decreases across a period, the electron you are removing is closer to the nucleus and harder to remove Tends to decrease down a group Outer electrons are farther from the nucleus and easier to remove Ionization Energy Definition: the energy required to remove an electron from an atom

7 Periodic Trend: Ionization Energy

8 Electronegativity Definition: A measure of the ability of an atom in a chemical compound to attract electrons o Electronegativity tends to increase across a period o As radius decreases, electrons get closer to the bonding atoms nucleus o Electronegativity tends to decrease down a group or remain the same o As radius increases, electrons are farther from the bonding atoms nucleus o Electronegativity tends to increase across a period o As radius decreases, electrons get closer to the bonding atoms nucleus o Electronegativity tends to decrease down a group or remain the same o As radius increases, electrons are farther from the bonding atoms nucleus

9 Periodic Table of Electronegativities

10 Periodic Trend: Electronegativity

11 Summary of Periodic Trends

12 Ionic Radii Cations Positively charged ions formed when an atom of a metal loses one or more electrons Smaller than the corresponding atom Anions Negatively charged ions formed when nonmetallic atoms gain one or more electrons Larger than the corresponding atom

13 Table of Ion Sizes


Download ppt "Periodic Trends. CA Standards Students know how to use the periodic table to identify trends in ionization energy, electronegativity, and the relative."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google