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The Heart: Conduction System

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1 The Heart: Conduction System
The heart pumps blood through the body This is accomplished by contraction and relaxation of the cardiac muscle tissue in the myocardium layer. Intercalated discs allow impulses to travel rapidly between adjacent cells so they function as one rather than individual cells

2 Cardiac Muscle Tissue intercalated disc intercalated disc

3 Conduction System Continued….
Cardiac conduction system: The electrical conduction system controls the heart rate This system creates the electrical impulses and sends them throughout the heart. These impulses make the heart contract and pump blood.

4 Heart Contraction

5 Components of the Conduction System
Sinoatrial Node (Part I): located in back wall of the right atrium near the entrance of vena cava initiates impulses times per minute without any nerve stimulation from brain establishes basic rhythm of the heartbeat called the pacemaker of the heart impulses move through atria causing the two atria to contract. at the same time, impulses reach the second part of the conduction system

6 Components of the Conduction System Continued ….
Atrioventricular Node (Part II): located in the bottom of the right atrium near the septum cells in the AV node conduct impulses more slowly, so there is a delay as impulses travel through the node this allows time for atria to finish contraction before ventricles begin contracting

7 Septum

8 Atrioventricular Bundle
A.K.A. “Bundle of His” From the AV node, impulses travel through to the right and left bundle branches These branches extend to the right and left sides of the septum and bottom of the heart.

9 Atrioventricular Bundle Continued….
These branch a lot to form the Purkinje fibers that transmit the impulses to the myocardium (muscle tissue) The bundle of His, bundle branches and Purkinje fibers transmit quickly and cause both ventricles to contract at the same time Like a “phone tree”

10 Atrioventricular Bundle Continued….
As the ventricles contract, blood is forced out through the semilunar valves into the pulmonary trunk and the aorta. After the ventricles complete their contraction phase, they relax and the SA node initiates another impulse to start another cardiac cycle.


12 1 - Sinoatrial node (SA node)
2 - Atrioventricular node (AV node) 3 – Bundle of His 4 - Right & Left Bundle Branches which lead to Purkinje Fibers

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