Presentation on theme: "Turn in Greek God Poster in the tray in the back. City-States of Athens and Sparta #30."— Presentation transcript:
Turn in Greek God Poster in the tray in the back. City-States of Athens and Sparta #30
Geographical Limitations Geographical Limitations- Land cannot support a large population Greek colonization Greek colonization – young Greeks settled along the Mediterranean Developed trade – food, raw materials, knowledge, writing
Polis or city-state *Necessary because of geography *Shared heritage, culture, religion *Geographic isolation *Independent self rule – no central theocratic ruler *Perfect size for democratic government
MILITARY FORCE New citizen soldier - hoplites, with iron spears Organized into a phalanx Acropolis – fortified hilltop, for meetings and defense Strong naval fleets of war ships Hoplite Acropolis
Two main city-states, very different Sparta Athens
Athens Athens Focus: Mental power (philosophy) Knowledge and learning Knowledge and learning Studied science Studied science Studied philosophy Studied philosophy Art Art Enjoyed life Enjoyed life How did the Athenians deal with the poor? Citizenship Citizenship Justice – economic, civil Justice – economic, civil Right to vote Right to vote Poor were included Poor were included
Sparta Sparta Focus: Physical Power (Military) Prepared to fight the helots Prepared to fight the helots Military school at 7 years old Military school at 7 years old Service until 60 years old Service until 60 years old Physical training Physical training Trained not to think Trained not to think How did the Spartans deal with the poor? (helots) (helots) Enslaved them Enslaved them Forced them to work Forced them to work Became property of the state Became property of the state Had to pay high taxes Had to pay high taxes
Helots: Spartan peasant/slave class Outnumbered Spartans 10 - 1 Outnumbered Spartans 10 - 1 Helots: In ancient Greece, slaves or serfs of the Spartans. They were probably the original inhabitants of Sparta, who were enslaved by the Dorian conquerors of that territory. The helots had virtually no civil or political rights. They were entirely the property of the state, which assigned them to work on the land of individual Spartans. The helots were required to provide a certain fixed amount of produce for their masters each year. The helots could be freed or sold only by the state. In wartime they were used as soldiers or as oarsmen in the galleys of ships.
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