2 directions – terrible things happen to characters and A) they escape their fate B) the establishment wins
Act 1 Exposition which establishes parameters of society Event at end introduces conflict Act 2 Rising action Attempts by main character to escape or change society Climax at the end - one side or other must win Act 3 The aftermath – theme derived from resolution Escape successful/society changed vs. failure
POV - Inside Representative of powerful; those in control Typical citizen- happy or blissfully unaware Patriotic & cant comprehend dissatisfaction Naively take for granted the way things are Passive/philosophical – understand, but no need or point in change At least one disenfranchised who desires escape/change Begin w/+ feelings, high rank Begin w/desire to change but feel powerless
Individual worth nothing more than value as part of government machine Power can reside in a single dictator or larger organization Forms of control include means of communication, education, mass media, pop culture, military, society Controlling group uses pop culture to distract members Controlling body uses a scapegoat to deflect blame for suffering
Born Eric Blair in Bengal, India Attended prestigious prep school Eton on scholarship unpopular skeptical of English class system Joined British Civil Service Imperial Police stationed in Burma resigned in 1927
Lived in poverty Poverty as punishment for his job in Burma oppressive British government
means that it expresses a pessimistic view of a dull, uniform world where every aspect of life is controlled and organized by the State Spanish Civil War evidence of the falsification of news invention of false news " I saw history being written not in terms of what happened but of what ought to have happened, according to the party ; this kind of thing is frightening to me. If a leader says of such-and- such an event that it never happened - well, it never happened. If he says that two and two are five -well, two and two are five. "
Twisted and corrupted for political ends language controls people Newspeak restrictive no word = no ability to comprehend concept