Presentation on theme: "Indus River Ganges River Arabian Sea Bay of Bengal Himalaya Mts. Hindu Kush Mts. Thar Desert Yellow River Yangtze River South China Sea Yellow Sea Gobi."— Presentation transcript:
Indus River Ganges River Arabian Sea Bay of Bengal Himalaya Mts. Hindu Kush Mts. Thar Desert Yellow River Yangtze River South China Sea Yellow Sea Gobi Desert Kunlun Shan Mts. Label your map with the places on this map Bell Work
Todays Objectives Students will be able to –discuss the development of civilization in the Indus River Valley. –experience the life of people living in the Indus Valley during the 2 nd Millennium B.C.
Geography Another ancient society began on the Indus River on the subcontinent of India. Today the Indian subcontinent is made up of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh
Geography The worlds tallest mountains, Himalayas, Hindu Kush, and the Thar Desert help to protect it from invaders. The Khyber Pass was part of the Silk Route where traders traded goods across the continent.
Geography The seasonal winds called the monsoons dominate Indias climate. October to February, winter monsoons from the northeast blow dry air westwards and from the middle of June through October, the winds shift and blow eastwards carrying moisture from the Indian Ocean. When the summer monsoons fail it causes drought and crop failure
Civilizations Arise In 2500 B.C. about the same time as the pyramids were being built in Egypt, civilization in ancient India developed along the Indus River which flooded each year.
The Cities of the Indus Valley The cities of Mohenjo- Daro and Harappa developed. Each had a population of about 30,000. These cities were 350 miles apart but were very much alike with streets in a carefully planned grid pattern.
Homes All the homes were made of oven fired bricks of a standard size indicating a strong central government. The main streets were wide; the side streets were like small alleys. Homes did not have windows in the front. For fresh air the people had inner courtyards or went up to their roofs.
Cleanliness!! These cities were cleaner and more concerned about sanitation than other ancient cities. Dirty water from bathing rooms was drained into the street gutters by clay pots. Garbage was placed in containers that were neatly lined up at the edge of the street.
Mohenjo Daro House
Farming Most people made their living by farming, raising wheat, barley, rice, and cotton. They domesticated cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, cats, dogs, and fowl (chicken, ducks, etc.)
Decline About 1750 B. C. the Indus River Civilization collapses. Historians do not know why. Later the region is taken over by the Aryans who were war-like nomads form Central Asia. They had no written language and there are no written records of the Ancient Indian Civilization between 1500 B. C B. C.
Afterwards The cultures of the Indus River people and the Aryans blended to form the Indian civilization