Columbus Crosses the Atlantic The Spanish had three reasons for exploration: – gold – land – religion
This exploration brought about great changes for Europe and the natives. Brainstorm… What types of changes? What types of changes? Did the Europeans know what they were doing? Did the Europeans know what they were doing?
Colonization – the establishment of distant settlements controlled by the parent country. The Spanish established settlements or colonies using the following tactics: superior weaponry forced labor Disease ravaged the Native Americans; measles, mumps, chickenpox, small pox and typhus. By 1600, it is estimated that only 1 in 25 native peoples survive the epidemics.
Brainstorm… As a landowner looking to get rich what do you do now?
The Slave Trade Begins As more natives died of disease African slavery became an essential part of the European-American economic system. o The labor of one …[African]…[is] more valuable than that of four Indians; every effort should be made to bring many…[Africans] from Guinea. Bartolome De Las Casas
The development of the new world created profound changes in the new and old world. The exchange of plants, animals and ideas is known as the Columbian Exchange. The development of the new world created profound changes in the new and old world. The exchange of plants, animals and ideas is known as the Columbian Exchange. Atlantic Ocean Americas to Europe, Africa and Asia Europe, Africa and Asia to Americas Corn Potato Pumpkin Turkey Cacao Bean Disease Livestock Citrus Coffee
Brainstorm… What is the end result of this exploration? – religious? – economic? – social? – food? – exploration? – government?
What is the end result of this exploration? – religious? – Explorers attempt to convert Native Americans to Christianity – economic? – Europeans saw this as an opportunity to gain resources and trade with more people. – social? – Decimation of Native American people and influx of new people. – food? – New crops introduced to Europe – exploration? – Colonization begins following exploration. – government? – Iroquois Confederacy – five tribes that create an alliance. Matriarchal leadership.
Discuss Why did European explorers believe they could simply claim lands for their home countries, even though these lands were already populated? What impact did the Columbian Exchange have on peoples lives throughout the world? Why did Europeans want to colonize the Americas?
Explorers Christopher Columbus – Italian but sailed for Spain Jacques Marquette - French Henry Hudson – Dutch (Dutch East India Company) – Looking for the Northwest Passage (quick way to Asia)
Map Activity Using Page 43, Map the exploration routes for: –Columbus –Hudson –Joliet and Marquette –Magellan –Coronado –Cortez On the Back –Define: Encomienda system, Joint-Stock Companies –Explain the different reasons for colonization –Explain Columbian Exchange and discuss the effects of the European contact in the Americas.