Presentation on theme: "Take Note: Carl Jung Collective Unconscious Archetypes Joseph Campbell"— Presentation transcript:
1Take Note: Carl Jung Collective Unconscious Archetypes Joseph Campbell MonomythHero’s Journey (HJ)3 Phases of HJ12 Steps of HJadditional Archetypes specific to HJAll these terms are “testable” items for upcoming assessment
2Carl Jung Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist –contemporary of Sigmund Freud—whose study of the human mind led him to define the collective unconsciousnessPhoto from quotation from “Jung on Mythology,” p. 63
3Just as the human body shows a common anatomy over and above all racial differences, so, too, the human psyche possesses a common substratum transcending all differences in culture and consciousness.Photo from quotation from “Jung on Mythology,” p. 63
4I have called this substratum the collective unconscious, … [which holds the mental record of common human experiences].Picture from quotation from “Jung on Mythology,” p. 63
5Just as everyone has two arms and two legs, so too does everyone share common ideas for stories and the characters who populate the tales.Picture from
6The manifestation of the collective unconscious = ArchetypesThe manifestation of the collective unconscious =Characters, Symbols, Situations that reoccur in literature across time and space
7Joseph Campbell Scholar and mythologist Studied Jung’s work Established “monomyth” = Hero’s JourneyAuthor of . . .
9“ A hero ventures forth from the world of common day into a region of supernatural wonder; fabulous forces are there encountered and a decisive victory is won; the hero comes back from this mysterious adventure with the power to bestow boons on his fellow man.” Joseph Campbell The Hero With a Thousand Faces, p. 30
10The Hero with a Thousand Faces The book . . .outlines the shared plot of myths across cultureshighlights the archetypes
19“Heroes on a Journey” Discovering what Harry Potter, Neo, Luke Skywalker,Frodo Baggins,and Perseusshare.
20The Hero’s JourneyThe Quote: “All stories consist of a few common structural elements found universally in myths, fairy tales, dreams and movies".The Premise: Characters frequently pass through 12 stages as they transform into heroes.The Primary Source: The Hero with a Thousand Faces by Joseph Campbell andThe Writer’s Journey by Christopher VoglerThe Application/Extension: Heroes live around us and within us.
2212 Steps make a Hero Ordinary World Call to Adventure Refusal of Call Meeting the MentorCrossing the ThresholdTest, Allies, & Enemies7. Approach the Inmost Cave8. the Ordeal9. Reward10. Road Back11. Resurrection12. Return with Elixir
23I. Departure/separation Ordinary WorldCall to AdventureRefusal of CallMeeting the Mentor
24II. descent/Transformation/initiation 5. Crossing the Threshold6. Test, Allies, & Enemies7. Approach the Inmost Cave8. the Ordeal9. Reward10. Road Back
25III. Return/revelation 11. Resurrection12. Return with Elixir
26Step 1Audience meets the Hero in the Ordinary World
271. The Ordinary WorldThe normal, ordinary, predictable world of the hero; everyday life.Could be a place of security, calm, peace, or a place of suffering, boredom, anguish.(Often the hero’s birth or ancestry are mysterious or noble; there’s something extraordinary about this guy.)
28The Ordinary World Perseus grows up on quiet, little island. Luke grows up on a quiet, little moisture farm.Harry lives in a closet on Privet Drive.Neo works in a mundane, dull office building.Frodo lives a life of ease in the Shire.
29Step 2The Hero receives the Call to Adventure, a challenge, a quest, or a problem that must be solved
302. The Call to AdventureA challenge, problem, temptation, earth-shattering revelation, or traumatic event.Internal—feeling of discontent, Hero is unsettled, something is missing, he doesn’t fit inExternal--hero receives a message, someone comes to get him, the phone rings, something is taken from him
31Campbell says this about the call to adventure: The call [is] a … moment, of spiritual passage, which, when complete, amounts to a dying and birth. The familiar life horizon has been outgrown; the old concepts, ideals, and emotional patterns no longer fit; the time for the passing of a threshold is at hand.Picture from quotation from “The Hero with a Thousand Faces,” p. 51
32The Call To AdventurePerseus is challenged to kill Medusa by Polydectes.Artoo reveals part of Leia’s message to Luke; Ben urges him to join the rebellion.Harry is invited to attend Hogwart’s School.Neo is given a message to “follow the White Rabbit.”Gandalf reveals the secrets of Bilbo’s ring to Frodo.
33Step 3Hero expresses fear/unwillingness and is Reluctant or Refuses the Call
343. Refusal of the Call The Reluctant Hero. “I can’t,’ “Leave me out of it,” “Not me,” “Not now.”The character is reluctant, disbelieving, fearful.
35Refusal of the CallPerseus distresses over where to go and how to get there.Owen plays on Luke’s guilt to keep him on the farm.Uncle Vernon prevents Harry from leaving.Neo resists accepting the truth about reality and his destiny.Frodo wishes someone else would deal with the Ring, offers it to Gandalf.
36Step 4A meeting with Mentor provides encouragement, wisdom or magical gifts to push the Hero past fear and doubt
374. Meeting the Mentor aid from a protective figure supernatural helper can take a wide variety of forms: wizard, old man, dwarf, crone, fairy godmothercommonly gives the hero a protective amulet or weapon for the journey*talisman *magic weapon
38Campbell says this about supernatural aid: For those who have not refused the call, the first encounter … is with a protective figure … who provides the adventurer with amulets against the dragon forces he is about to pass.Picture from quotation from “The Hero with a Thousand Faces,” p. 69
39Meeting the Mentor Athena & Hermes aid Perseus. Merlin aids Arthur. Ben Kenobi aids Luke.Dumbledore aids Harry.Morpheus aids Neo.Gandalf aids Frodo
40Step 5The character commits; he steps into the adventure, the story begins; he leaves the ordinary world and enters the special world.
415. Crossing the First Threshold Hero encounters the Threshold GuardianBlocks the path~ Hero is not readyOR--Points the way~ Hero enters the “Other” worldOnce through—no turning back
42Campbell says this about the crossing of the first threshold: The hero goes forward in his adventure until he comes to … the entrance zone of magnified power. Beyond … is darkness, the unknown, and danger.Picture from quotation from “The Hero with a Thousand Faces,” p. 77
43Crossing the First Threshold Perseus dons the sandals, helmet, sword and shield and leaves Sephiros to find Medusa.Luke leaves his farm (recently destroyed) and Tatooine.Harry boards the Hogwart’s Express.Neo chooses the red pill (not the blue one).Frodo leaves the Shire; volunteers to take the Ring to Mordor.
44Step 6The hero investigates the new world, learns, meets friends, encounters enemies, develops strength, courage, and other honorable traits through tests and trials.
456. Tests, Allies & Enemiesvarious ARCHETYPES aboundtemptressloyal companionwhite goddessevil figure w/ god heartearth mothershadowdamsel in distresseach successful test proves the Hero's ability and advances the journey toward its climax
46Campbell says this about the road of trials: Once having traversed the threshold, the hero … must survive a succession of trials.p. 97
47Tests, Allies, and Enemies Perseus outsmarts the gray sisters.Luke encounters rascals in the Mos Eisley cantina and trains with Ben aboard the Falcon.Harry meets friends and foes at Hogwart’s.Neo trains with Morpheus aboard the Nebuchanezzar.Frodo travels east, evading Ringwraiths, Orcs, and other bogies and baddies.
48Step 7Danger approaches, caution is needed, tension builds: clarity blurs between friend and foe, duty and desire, good and evil.
497. Approach Inmost Cave Belly of the Whale early obstacle that takes Hero to lowest, darkest pointconsiders giving up
50Approach to the Innermost Cave Perseus lands on Medusa’s isle.Luke enters the Death Star.Harry enters the Forbidden Forest.Neo re-enters the Matrix.Frodo enters Shelob’s Lair.
51Step 8All hope is lost;A time of darkness and uncertainty.
528. Supreme Ordeal also known as the Abyss the climax—will the hero survive?!the big fight scenethe toughest obstacle (internal/external)
53The Supreme Ordeal Medusa awakens! Luke is trapped in the trash compactor.His scar burning, Harry collapses in agony before Valdemort.Neo is betrayed by Cipher and “trapped” in the Matrix.Frodo collapses having been betrayed by Gollum and poisoned by Shelob.
54Step 9The hero enjoys the Reward of having confronted fear and death
559. Reward: Seizing the Sword specific to Heromay be great knowledgereconciliation with lovertangible item (magical sword, Holy Grail)a moment to celebrate
56Reward: Seizing the Sword Perseus slays Medusa.Luke rescues Leia, finds the secret plans, and escapes from the Death Star.Harry solves the puzzles surrounding the Sorceror’s Stone.Neo rescues Morpheus.Frodo destroys the Ring at Mt. Doom.
57Step 10Oh no! The character got comfortable too soon. Final - perhaps fatal - stumbling blocks and obstacles arise to challenge the character.
5810. Road Back Refusal of return Magic Flight/Pursuit doesn’t want to leaveMagic Flight/Pursuitchased outtrying to escapeRescue from Withoutmoment of hopelessnessrescuer steps in
59The Road Back The Kraken threatens Andromeda’s life. Darth Vader kills Ben Kenobi.Ron is disabled, Hermione leaves… Harry confronts Voldemort alone.Neo tries to escape from Agent Smith but is killed.Frodo discovers the Shire is in ruins and ruled by Saruman.
60Step 11Purifies, redeems, and transforms the Hero on the Threshold home
6111. Resurrection Hero “reborn”… “transformed” bigger…better… badder The second, ultimate, now-or-never, do-or-die confrontation; the character’s last chance to overcome the odds.
62Resurrection Perseus defeats the Kraken, saving Andromeda. Luke destroys the Death Star.The magic of his scar protecting him, Harry defeats Valdemort and recovers the Sorceror’s Stone.Neo, after being reborn with a kiss from Trinity, defeats Agent Smith.Frodo expels Saruman, liberating and restoring the Shire.
63Step 12Ahhh! Good triumphs over evil, love saves the day, the hero returns home in triumph and all live happily ever after.
6412. Return with Elixir How will Hero’s return benefit society? Elixir = Boon (gift to share with others)Purpose of journey–How will Hero’s return benefit society?
65Return with the Elixir Perseus worthy and tested leader. Luke brings peace and security to land.Harry saves the day (for now).Neo accepts and relishes his role as the Chosen One—leads with confidence.Frodo protects the Shire.
66additional Terms Slay the Dragon Atonement Apotheosis defeat enemy; conquer fear; overcome obstacleAtonement“at one”internal turmoil calmedpeace with one’s self & other charactersApotheosiselevated to god-like state/ worshiped
67ResourcesPaul Reiff: Vernon Hills High SchoolRobin L. Simmons